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Education Reform of the 1800s
Transcript of Education Reform of the 1800s
and important people Calvin Wiley Dorothea Dix Mary Lyon - Educated people on the poor conditions of the mentally ill and treatment of prisoners
- opened a private school for girls 6-8 in 1816 when she was 15
- She also opened another private school for young girls in Boston
- Even though she wasn't properly educated she also made huge reforms for the mentally ill Dorothea Dix Emma Willard Created a girls boarding school in Vermont in 1814. School covered usual subjects for young women Cooking and Etiquette
History , Math and Literature which where rarely taught to women Mary Lyon Opened the 1st institution of higher education for women only Mount Holyoke female seminary in south hadley, Massachusetts Curriculum provided was as hard as those taught at men colleges She proved that women were as smart as men and some of her graduates who helped with the reform and also taught at schools and founded colleges Elizabeth Blackwell First women to earn a medical degree in U.S or Europe Founded NY infirmary for women and children.
Which was also staffed entirely by women Calvin Wiley Major North Carolina reformer who helped the reformation process in the south speed up 1839 taxpayer funded schools in North Carolina
1852 passed the law establishing a state superintendent for common schools
Built support for education through out the State
by 1860 2/3 rds of white children attended school part of the year Horace Mann Became secretary of the Massachusetts state board of education. as a major reformer he Increased state spending on school
Lengthened the school year
Students were divided into grades
Introduced the standardized textbook
reformed the north school systems
created Higher salaries for teachers
Created three teacher colleges
In 1850 elementary schools were funded by tax payers African American Education African American children didn't receive same educational opportunities as white. Often times they were forbidden to read and write in the south and rarely in the north
Boston & New York created schools for african american children but they had very little money African American Education African Americans who continued to go to school eventually entered schools like Harvard, Dartmouth and Oberlin 1850 first american college Ashmun institute now known as Lincoln university opened in oxford Pennsylvania By 1850s free schooling was supported by taxes
Teachers should be trained
children required to attend school Before The Reformation Schools
Education was only thought to be essential for men. Women were thought to fulfill more " lady like rolls" such as being a mother or a wife Whole South - 1/3rd of the southern white children were enrolled in public schools by 1860 Land Grant Colleges In 1862 land grant colleges
colleges built on land given by government to the states Provided by the Morill act
under the act each state was granted 30,000 acres of land for each congressional representative of the state.
The lands were sold and funds were used to finance the creation of one or more schools to teach agriculture and the mechanic arts. Due to past reformations and the civil rights movement. women and men (girls and boys) are now allowed to receive the same type of educational opportunities
African American and white children are no longer racially segregated New England had the highest literacy rate Reformations effect on the country today Reformations effect on the country today Schools can no longer discriminate against any body due to
handicap in any of its educational or employment programs or activities Schools as well as students now have to meet certain goals No child Left Behind act Why it started -Education reformers wanted to keep education up to speed with the evolving country Reformers And Important people Emma Willard Before The Reformation - Republicans were scared that uneducated citizens could ruin the political structure of society Overall success of the reformation The education reform of the 1800s was an overall success because more people became educated , it provided more jobs and students learned how to be better citizens of the united states through the morals and values taught Reformations Effect on the Country today Colleges have requirements that have to be meet upon entrance / admission to the college Students have the choice to drop out at age 16 The Act requires states to develop assessments in basic skills. States must give these assessments to all students at select grade levels in order to receive federal school funding. The Act does not assert a national achievement standard; standards are set by each individual state - Poor children didn't receive equal opportunities to go to school. or went to a second rate school Horace Mann Elizabeth Blackwell Education not federally funded Literacy was basic and had no opportunity to get a sophisticated education it paved the way for the system of education we use today but with many more improvements. The reforming of the school system will probably never end as technology advances