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The Marine Biome

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Maia Mitchell

on 8 May 2013

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Transcript of The Marine Biome

The Marine Biome The
Ocean The
Ocean The
Arctic Ocean The
Ocean The
Southern Ocean Which ecosystems are a part of the marine biome? Q: What is a biome? A biome is
from an
ecosystem Q: What is an ecosystem? A: A biome is a
part of the Earth
characterized by
the plants and
animal species
that live there. A: An ecosystem is
all of the
between all
living and
non-living things
in a particular environment. There are many ecosystems within each biome Ecosystems within the Marine biome: Coral Reef
Deep Ocean
Abyssal Plain
Hydrothermal Vent
Kelp Forest
Open Ocean
Rocky Shore
Salt Marsh and Mudflat
Sandy Shore (http://education.nationalgeographic.com/education/encyclopedia/biome/?ar_a=1, May 6, 2013) (http://education.nationalgeographic.com/education/encyclopedia/biome/?ar_a=1, May 6, 2013) (http://education.nationalgeographic.com/education/activity/mapping-marine-ecosystems/?ar_a=1&ar_r=999, May 6, 2013) Coral Reefs Food Web Food Chain The Largest Biome Superlatives Made up of
4 Major Zones: Consists of 5 Oceans, as well as many seas, gulfs, bays, inlets, and estuaries. What Lives There? Producers Non-living Things Consumers Where are they? (http://switchboard.nrdc.org/blogs/fbeinecke/global_coral_bleaching_another.html,
May 6, 2013) The ocean...
covers 70% of the Earth's surface
contains 97% of the world's water Deepest place in the world - Mariana Trench
Located in the Pacific Ocean
35,797 feet under the surface
Longest mountain range - Mid-Atlantic Ridge
underneath the ocean
over 35,000 mi long Most are located in the band between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn Conservation Pollution threatens our oceans (www.oceanlegends.com, May 6, 2013) (http://www.ducksters.com/geography/oceans.php, May 6, 2013) (http://www.ducksters.com/geography/oceans.php, May 6, 2013) Intertidal
Benthic Based on water depth and proximity to the shore About the Author (http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/glossary/gloss5/biome/aquatic.html, May 6, 2013) (http://geosci.sfsu.edu/courses/geol102/ex9.html, May 6, 2013) (http://www.globalpartnershipforoceans.org/oceans-our-living-resource-infographic, May 6, 2013) (http://www.behance.net/gallery/Ocean-Conservancy-Infographics/3436321, May 6, 2013) (http://www.behance.net/gallery/Ocean-Conservancy-Infographics/3436321, May 6, 2013) (http://www.coralscience.org/main/articles/climate-a-ecology-16/coral-reef-ecology, May 6, 2013) http://coralreef.noaa.gov/aboutcorals/interactivereef/ over 800 species of coral
sea turtles
herbivorous fish
sea urchins
crabs http://www.coralscience.org/main/articles/climate-a-ecology-16/coral-reef-ecology http://coralreef.noaa.gov/aboutcorals/coral101/plantanimalmineral/ Bacteria
Many species of seaweed http://www.coralscience.org/main/articles/climate-a-ecology-16/coral-reef-ecology sunlight
mud Maia Mitchell is a junior at The College of New Jersey in Ewing New Jersey. She studies Early Childhood Education and Psychology. She loves to go to the Jersey Shore in the summertime and has swam in both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. She hopes to one day snorkel in a coral reef. One of the Oceans' greatest natural treasures Websites Consulted http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/glossary/gloss5/biome/aquatic.html
http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/education/kits/corals/media/supp_coral05a.html Bibliography of Children's Books Arnosky, Jim. Beachcombing: Exploring the Seashore. Dutton, 2004.
Baker, Lucy. Life in the Oceans. Two-Can Pub, 2000.
Chin, Jason. Coral Reefs. Roaring Brook, 2011.
Cole, Henry. On the Way to the Beach. Greenwillow, 2003.
Collard, Sneed B., III. Many Biomes, One Earth. Illustrated by James Needham . Charlesbridge, 2009.
Crenson, Victoria. Horseshoe Crabs and Shorebirds: The Story of a Food Web. Illustrated by Annie
Cannon. Amazon Children’s Publishing, 2009.
Gibbons, Gale. Sea Turtles. Holiday House, 1995.
Jenkins, Steve. Down, Down, Down: A Journey to the Bottom of the Sea. Houghton Mifflin, 2009.
Kalman, Bobbie. What Are Food Chains and Webs? Crabtree, 2005.
Kalman, Bobbie. What is a Biome? Crabtree, 2005.
Kelly, Irene. Even an Octopus Needs a Home. Holiday House, 2011.
Lambert, David. The Kingfisher Young People’s Book of the Oceans. Kingfisher, 1997.
Patent, Dorothy Hinshaw. Colorful, Captivating Coral Reefs. Illustrated by Kendahl Jan Jubb. Walker, 2003.
Rizzo, Johanna. Oceans: Dolphins, Sharks, Penguins, and More! : Meet 60 Cool Sea Creatures and Explore Their Amazing Watery World. Nat Geo Kids, 2010.
Sibbald, Jean H. Homes in the Sea: From the Shore to the Deep. Dillon Press, 1986.
Sill, Cathryn. About Habitats: Oceans. Illustrated by John Sill. Peachtree Publishers, 2012
Simon, Seymour. Oceans. Morrow, 1990.
Glossary of Terms: biome - a part of the Earth characterized by the plants and animal species that live there
ecosystem - all of the interactions between all living and non-living things in a particular environment
ocean - the body of salt water which covers most of the Earth's surface
intertidal zone - the region of the ocean between the high tide and low marks
pelagic zone - the region of the ocean above the sea floor where the most organisms live
abyssal zone - the deepest part of the ocean with the least sunlight penetration
benthic zone - the region of the ocean beneath the pelagic zone
coral reef - a ridge made up of coral and other organic material consolidated into limestone
gyre - a circular ocean current
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