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Why Did the Civil War Last Four Years?
Transcript of Why Did the Civil War Last Four Years?
Goal of North then became abolition of slavery.
So... if the Union had all the important material advantages... why did the Civil War last four years?
Why Did the
Sept. 22, 2014
the opposing sides
outnumbered the Confederacy
by a ratio of 2.5 : 1
railroad network (
political leader (A.Lincoln)
Military strategy- did not need to attack or conquer the N. Only had to avoid defeat in order to win the war.
Morale- most white Southerners willing to fight to protect their way of life.
Did not have to travel far for battle
the opposing sides
fighting on own land.
More than 1/3 of population =
to Southern transportation.
The war's beginnings...
Showdown-like; people gathered around in picnics.
Began as military effort with limited political objectives.
North = reunification
South = independence
North had no direct purpose to fight as hard as South.
South fighting for way of life, economy, heritage, and land.
the changing war
Both sides were pretty much fighting for the same reason... but they were still
different (any guesses?)
Confederacy - Secure independence from the North and to establish an independent nation free from Northern political oppression and the repression of slavery.
Political Aims of Both Sides:
Union - Reconcile the Union, while its mid-war goal became to reunite states under a Union in which slavery was not tolerated.
The war from beginning to end would be a noble crusade for democracy for white people.
The war from beginning to end would be a noble crusade for democracy for all people, not just in America, but throughout the world.
Political Aims of Both Sides
As the war continued, the Confederacy's goal remained the same...
the Union's goal changed.
To preserve a way of life.
Union's political strategy to-do list
___ Invade the confederacy and destroy its will to resist.
___ Obtain loyalty of border states.
2/3 South's white population
___ Construct naval blockade of Confederate coastline.
___ Prevent European powers from aiding the Confederacy.
change issue to slavery
confederacy's political strategy To-do list
___ Defend Confederate land.
___ Prevent the North from destroying the Confederate army.
___ Break the Union's will to fight.
The CSA's strategies were actually pretty simple:
3) Ms. Stein's Civil War Handout
4) American History by Alan Brinkley
CSA: slavery system
USA: united nation