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The boreal biome

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Jasmine Chartier

on 18 October 2012

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Transcript of The boreal biome

The Boreal forest Where is it (geographical distribution) The Boreal is located in America, Europe and Asia primarily in the Northern hemisphere where the colder regions take place. What are it's a biotic factors? The a biotic factors present in the Boreal forest biome are its type of climate, rocks, the soil, the rivers, the humidity and the amount of sunlight that passes through the coniferous trees. What are the native plants? The native plants known to be found in the Boreal forest are the Black Spruce, the Paper Birch, the Quaking Aspen, the Red Pine, the Tamarack, the White Cedar and finally the White Pine. All these trees known to be part of the Boreal forest overcome the cold climates of the north. What are the native animals
and their adaptations to live there? What does the food web look like? Warnings What are some threats in this biome? Are there any endangered species? Is there a fear of climate change for this biome? Why is this biome globally important? References (cc) image by anemoneprojectors on Flickr ... small Weather report What is the average precipitation? What is the average temperature? 31 cm (12 in) 41 °C (74 °F) *Suggest supplies/gear that tourists should bring to make their trip more enjoyable. soil rocks sunlight rivers * A canoe, a paddle and pdf (personal floating device) * Mask, fins, snorkel, buoyancy control device, regulator, cylinder, exposure suit, submercible pressure gauge, alternate air source, compass, dive compiter, whistle * Recreational activities: * * * * Scuba diving Canoeing Hot spring Bike riding * Water recreation Simply swimming wear, a towel and shoes Suppies * A bike and helmet This toonie was created in honor of the boreal forest and to help conserve and to show its importance. The native animals are the following:
-Bald Eagle
-Black Bear
-Gray Jay
-Pine Marten
-Red Fox
-Lynx (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr extracting Oil and gas Forestry ( desforestation- clear cutting) Mining The bald Eagle is a hunter. Its feathers are brown and white. It's beak and claws are yellow. The primary source of food for bald eagles are fish but they also eat carrion and injured birds. This type of bird is mainly found in North America. They can detect there prey easily. The beaver live mostly in the water constructing there dams. They have very sharp teeth able to cut with ease through wood. They have brown fur to keep them warm. The build there dams underwater. Why is this biome important? This biome is globally important mainly because
it consists of one third of all the forests in the world.
It also has many divers’ resources that are the main
art of our economy. For example the different types of
woods, minerals and plants used for medicine. There
are also many types of species that are important in the
food chain. The boreal forest also known as the taiga is
mainly in the North. This particular forest takes up one
hird of the planets entire forests. It is globally important because it contains mainly
trees capable of producing a large amount of our
daily oxygen and also it has divers’ resources part
of our economy. These resources like wood, minerals
nd plants are essential items of our everyday life.
ithout the Boreal forest we would lose many types
of species cause the food chain to disappear at a quick
ate. Simple actions could help in the conservation of
his natural beauty. Yes, in the Boreal forest there is fear of climate change because of deforestation and pollution. In the Boreal forest the endangered species are the lynx, the black bear, the bison, the Siberian crane and the Siberian tiger. white cedar paper birch quaking aspen tamarack white pine red pine black spruce Side trip biomes "What Are Some Abiotic Factors in the Boreal Forest?" Bright Hub. Bright Hub Inc, 2012. Web. 13 Oct. 2012. <http://www.brighthub.com/environment/science-environmental/articles/81812.aspx>.
"The Wilderness Classroom » Boreal Forest Animals, Plants, and People." The Wilderness Classroom » Boreal Forest Animals, Plants, and People. The Wilderness Classroom Organization, 2002. Web. 12 Oct. 2012. <http://www.wildernessclassroom.com/www/schoolhouse/boreal_library/index.htm>.
"Boreal Forest of Canada." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 10 Nov. 2012. Web. 11 Oct. 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boreal_forest_of_Canada>.
"Threats to Ontario's Boreal Forest." Ontario Nature. N.p., 2011. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.ontarionature.org/protect/campaigns/boreal_threats.php>.
"Boreal Forest." CPAWS. Canadian Parks and Wilderness Society, n.d. Web. 12 Oct. 2012. <http://cpaws.org/campaigns/boreal-forest>.
"The Canadian Boreal Forest." NRDC:. Natural Resources Defense Counci, n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 2012. <http://www.nrdc.org/land/forests/fboreal.asp>.
"Hinterland Who's Who - Canada's Boreal Forest." Hinterland Who's Who - Canada's Boreal Forest. Environment Canada & Canadian Wildlife Federation, 2011. Web. 12 Oct. 2012. <http://www.hww.ca/en/issues-and-topics/canadas-boreal-forest.html>.
"Threats: Boreal Forest." Greenpeace Canada. N.p., 2012. Web. 11 Oct. 2012. <http://www.greenpeace.org/canada/en/campaigns/Energy/tarsands/Resources/Fact-sheets/Threats-Boreal-Forest/>.
"BOREALFOREST.ORG - Boreal Forests of the World - Introduction." BOREALFOREST.ORG - Boreal Forests of the World - Introduction. Faculty of Natural Resources Management, Lakehead University, 2011. Web. 13 Oct. 2012. <http://www.borealforest.org/world/world_overview.htm>.
"Climate:Â Â ." The Boreal Forest Biome. Marietta College, n.d. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.marietta.edu/~biol/biomes/boreal.htm>.
Dr. Susan L. Woodward,. "Boreal Forest (Taiga)." Boreal Forest (taiga). N.p., 1997. Web. 13 Oct. 2012. <https://php.radford.edu/~swoodwar/biomes/?page_id=92>.
Strahler, Arthur N. "World Climates." World Climates. Lements of Physical Geography. John Wiley & Sons, 1984. Web. 13 Oct. 2012. <http://www.blueplanetbiomes.org/climate.htm>.
Wagner, Nancy. "Fun Things to Do in the Boreal Forest." Travel Tips. A Division of Gannett Co. Inc., n.d. Web. 9 Oct. 2012. <http://traveltips.usatoday.com/fun-things-boreal-forest-60935.html>.
"Introduction to Scuba Equipment." Introduction to Scuba Dive Equipment. N.p., 2012. Web. 13 Oct. 2012. <http://www.padi.com/scuba/scuba-gear/intro-to-scuba-dive-equipment/default.aspx>.
Malarie and Tamel. "Taiga." Taiga. SlideShare Inc., 2012. Web. 9 Oct. 2012. <http://fr.slideshare.net/Vazquez6/taiga-7806519>.
"Endangered Animals in Taiga." Taiga Endangered Animals. N.p., 2003-2004. Web. 10 Oct. 2012. <http://www.animalport.com/endangered-animals/taiga.html>.
The bear weights approximately 150- 400 lbs. This species is only found in North America. They live in forests. Black bears have thick fur with a brownish black color. They’re about three feet tall. Bears eat berries, nuts, tubers, roots, honey, worms, buds, leaves, fruit, twigs, grubs, fish, insects, and small mammals. They are considered omnivore. The black bear is a nocturnal animal. Bears have a massive territory. They usually sleep in caves. The deer is a common species. Deer’s come in various sizes; there fur color varies from brown to tan. Deers usually stick they’re tall up when there’s danger near. They have anthers or bucks that they shed each year. They live in herds. Fawns (baby deer) are born usually in May. Deers stomach are created that in a way where they can digest plants. A gray jay is a small bird with a white belly and neck. The gray jays store food for winter in caches and mix it with their saliva to make pallets. During the winter season when the supplies are low they get energy form these pallets. To make their nests these used a collection of twigs. Grouses are found usually in the border country. They are well camouflaged birds. Grouses live in deciduous trees. In winter grouses make their nest deep down in the snow. The grouse has to watch out for wolves, pine martens and foxes. These types of birds come in two different colors red and gray.
Have you ever look on your Canadian dollar. The animal printed on this piece of monetary value is a loon. Loons are birds that mainly enjoy water. This bird spends its summer in Alaska, Canada and the United States borders. Loons migrate. Loons have very nice feathers. The mink an animal that comes from the mustelid family. This animal lives along riverbanks and lakeshores. They are very good swimmers and swim gracefully underwater. Minks weight between 1 ¬½ to 3 ½ pounds. They can dive down as far as 16 feet. Minks have a various nutrition. The moose is the largest member of the deer family. They nourish themselves from grass because they are known to be herbivores. There anthers can way up to 75 pounds alone. They can way up to 1,400 pounds. A moose car run 35 miles per hour. The pine marten is a very agile animal that could climb up trees easily. They spend a lot of time searching the forest floor for food mainly rodents. These types of animals prefer the colder climate of the north and conifers trees. Males are larger than females. The otter is an excellent swimmer. They live in any sources of water. They feed themselves of fish, mice and other small invertebrates. Some problems otters face are that human spray pesticides onto their crops and the pesticides leak in water streams poisoning the fish that otters eat. This can make it difficult for them to breed. The ravens resemble the crow. It is the largest of all songbirds. It is two feet long and could have 4 feet long wings. These animals may seem dumb but are very intelligent. They know how to spot a sick or dying prey. They cannot kill larger animals then them so they wait till the predator kills it prey and when it leaves he takes his share of the meat. The red foxes are the most common species of fox through Canada and the United States. To sleep they curl themselves up to protect themselves from the cold instead of sleeping in a den. They have a large amount of fur of a reddish color. They eat berries and divers small mammals.
How do these threats affect our society, life and/or world?
These threats affect our society by:
• Having less oxygen to breath
• Creating our environment dangerous ( ozone)
The wolf lives in a pack. The pack is made up of usually 4-8 wolves. They live where there is adequate food supply. Wolfs are carnivore they prefer bigger animals that procure more food quantity wise. Their fur keeps them warm from the Northern temperature. The lynx has sharp teeth able to capture its prey quickly. The lynx also has fur to keep him warm. His paws are adapted to climbing mountains and snow. There weight is spread out equivalently over a bigger surface. producers primary consumers secondary consumers carnivores and omnivores
Science can help solve with these threats by
Simulating the problem, show the population its effects so they can help the environment (recycling, compost etc...)
Finding a way to reduce consumption of natural resources Comment and provide examples of how science can help solve or deal with these threats?
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