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Forrest Gump Timeline Project
Transcript of Forrest Gump Timeline Project
Vietnam War Protest at Washington-1969
University of Alabama Integrated- 1963
President Kennedy Slain in Dallas
Students Take Over Washington Streets
On May 16, 1963, the district court of Alabama ordered the University of Alabama to admit African American students Vivian Malone and James Hood for summer classes. This decision was opposed by Alabama Governor George Wallace who had promised to prevent integration. He stood in the school door on June 11 and blocked students from entering. Eventually he moved when President Kennedy federalized Alabama's National Guard. This stunt by Wallace gave him a nationwide reputation as a strong supporter of segregation.
Forrest was present when the University was designated and George Wallace stood in the door way. Forrest walked up to Vivian Malone and handed her the book she had dropped. He followed her and James Hood into school while everyone stood in disbelief.
On November 15, 1969 half a million people attended a predominately peaceful Vietnam protest in Washington. Across the country in small cities other smaller demonstrations occurred. Speakers at the rally included Eugene McCarthy, George McGovern and Charles Goodell. Peter, Paul and Mary Arlo Guthrie and Pete Seeger led the crowd in singing John Lennon's "Giver Peace a Chance." The crowd was described by the New York Times as "a mass gathering of the moderate and radical Left....old-style liberals; Communists and pacifists and a sprinkling of the violent New Left." The protest was mostly peaceful and a peaceful army dissented through the city which was a contrast to the violent antiwar protest at the 1968 Democratic Convention. Nixon claimed he was unmoved by the protest.
Monday, February 17, 2014
Vol XCIII, No. 311
Elvis Presley Emerges- 1956
Beware of Elvis Presley
Black Panthers Party-1966
Black Panthers May Run Candidate
Elvis Presley became a national phenomenon by the spring of 1956. His first single "Heartbreak Hotel" earned Elvis a movie contract. His music drew inspiration from black rhythm and blues and resonated with the "Baby Boom" generation. The Catholic Church criticized him for swinging hips and weekly headlines titled "Beware Elvis Presley." In addition television critics said he had an "appalling lack of musicality" and his performances were "vulgar" and "animistic." Regardless Presley's music, with it rhythm and country influence began rock n' roll and has permanently changed music. He is often considered the first media superstar and has produced 90 record albums.
In October of 1966, in California, Huey Newton and Bobby Seale founded the Black Panther Party. The Black Panther Party for Self-Defense was known for its defense of minority communities. Eventually the party shifted to a Marxist revolutionary group. The Black Panthers fought for class emancipation and equality in economic and social setting regardless of race. The Black Panthers armed African Americans, fought the draft, tried to release African Americans from jail and wanted compensation for the centuries of exploitation. They followed the theories of Malcolm X who had a violent approach to racial equality. The Black Panthers felt white America was exploiting them and oppressing others. They blamed joblessness on capitalism.
Forrest Gump Timeline Project
During Forrest's youth, he and his mother rented rooms out to travelers. One of their guests was Elvis Presley before he became famous. Elvis was writing one of his most famous songs "Hound Dog." Forrest danced to his guitar playing and Elvis was inspired by the unique movements his leg braces caused. It would eventually led to Elvis' controversial dancing. Later Forrest sees him on TV and his mother says not to watch it because the dancing is vulgar.
As the Kennedys drove passed the Texas School Book Depository in Dallas Texas, President Kennedy was hit by gun fire. The car went to Parkland Memorial Hospital but little could be done for the president. He died and Governor Connally was injured. Lyndon B. Johnson was sworn into office. The police arrested the assassin Lee Harvey Oswald and when he was being transferred to police headquarters he was shot at point blank range by Jack Ruby. Both Kennedy and Oswald's murders were capture on live television.
Forrest played college football and was later named to the All-American team. He was able to meet President John F. Kennedy and when JFK asked him how he felt he said: "I gotta pee." Later Forrest says someone killed JFK when he was riding in his car.
While Forrest was in DC getting his Medal of Honor, he was accidentally mixed in with veteran's attaining an anti war rally led by Abbie Hoffman. He gave a speech on stage but his microphone was accidentally switched off. He reunited with Jenny.
After being reunited with Jenny at the Washington Protest, she brought him to a Black Panther Party event. Forrest did not like her boyfriend who had hit her, and after they got into a fight Jenny and Forrest were asked to leave.
First Moon Landing-1969
On July 16, 1969 Apollo 11 launched carrying Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins. Three days later the crew was in lunar orbit. Armstrong climbed down the ladder and said "That's one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind." They explored the surface for about two and a half hours collecting samples. Before leaving they left an American flag behind. The crew landed in the coast off of Hawaii, they had made it home early. Kennedy's challenge had been completed, men walked on the moon and returned safely. Over the next three years 10 astronauts made the journey.
The staff of the Dick Dick Cavett Show gave Forrest a plane tickets to Hawaii for an expense free vacation. He had won a contest they were holding. Forrest did not know where Jenny was and even though he wanted her to come with him he went alone. His first night there he saw what looked like a shooting star hit the ocean. He wished he would make Bubba proud with the shrimp boat he was planning to buy.
Opening of McDonalds-1955
McDonalds is currently the largest fast food chain in the world, serving about 68 million customers in 119 countries. It began as a barbecue restaurant run by brothers Richard and Maurice McDonald. They expanded their business in 1948 and in 1953 they began to franchise their successful restaurant. They opened a new restaurant in Des Plaines, Illinois on April 15, 1955 and McDonald became a corporation. This restaurant was titled The Original McDonald's as it was the first of many to come. Today it is a McDonald's museum with some of the original fry vats and milkshake mixers.
Forrest's mom won tickets to see the Chicago Cubs. Forrest and his mom flew to Chicago, Illinois. While walking to the game, Mrs. Gump and Forrest ate a quaint barbecue restaurant. Forrest asked it they had and potatoes. Richard McDonald thought serving potatoes fried would be great for business.
When the Soviet Union first tested its atomic bomb in 1949, the American public feared nuclear war. They had seen the damage done in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The Federal Civil Defense Administration was tasked with educating and reassuring the country about nuclear attacks. The FCDA promoted preparedness using the Duck and Cover video with Bert the animated turtle and his monkey enemy. About 1.1 million people saw the video which perhaps could have saved lives depending on where the bomb was dropped. However, duck and cover drills and even fallout shelters probably would not have done much good. Duck and Cover drills are remembered with the Cold War paranoia of nuclear attack.
When Forrest was in middle school, he saw the Duck and Cover video with Bert the turtle. He would do drills almost like fire drills that saved people from nuclear attack. Forrest knew Mr. Stalin could never get him because he was hiding under his desk.
The Watergate burglary was named after the Watergate Hotel where it took place. The burglars broke into the Democratic Party's National Committee offices. By 1974, the US was consumed by the scandal; President Nixon had staged the break in then attempted to cover it up. Nixon made speeches announcing he was completely uninvolved. The Senate Committee investigating the burglary uncovered secret White House tapes which sparked a major court battle. Eventually the tapes were given to the committee with pieces missing. Before Nixon could be impeached he resigned.
For playing on the US Ping Pong Team, Forrest Gump is invited to the White House to meet President Nixon. Forrest accepts the room Nixon gave him at the Watergate Hotel and is woken up by burglars breaking into the office next to him. He calls Frank Wills in security to inform him of the break in which leads to the Watergate Scandal.
Three Mile Island Nuclear Plant Accident- 1979
At about 4 a.m. on March 28, 1979, the plant experienced a partial meltdown of the reactor core. For five days the reactor was highly unstable. Conflicting information led to panic and about one hundred thousand residents fled. This event is considered the largest US nuclear power accident and the worst in the world until the Chernobyl accident seven years later. This accident permanently changed the nuclear industry in the United States. Although there were no immediate deaths the nuclear power industry was affected. The Nuclear Regulatory Commission has not reviewed an application to build a new plant since this event. There were also changes in emergency response planning, radiation protection and reactor operator training.
While Forrest was running across the country, he passed through Dauphin County, Pennsylvania. He took nap next to a factory looking building. When he woke up he heard screaming and panic from people all around him, so he just got up and started to run.
Ping Pong Diplomacy-1972
Ping Pong Diplomacy was a diplomatic effort to reduce Cold War tensions between the United States and China. The 15- member US Ping-Pong team was the first American group to visit China that was not communists since Mao Zedong came to power. Ten days after the Ping Pong tour, the Chinese government expressed its willingness to meet with President Nixon. This eventually led to diplomatic relations between the US and China in 1979 and the US recognition of the Chinese government.
Forrest Gump joined the Army Special Services in 1969 where he would entertain injured veterans. He got a spot on the All-American Ping Pong team and when to China. When he returned, he was a celebrity.
National Guard Moves Wallace
After Forrest sends his son to school, he checks his mailbox to find a letter address to him from his father. His father invited him to Los Angeles because he wanted to meet him before his death that was approaching soon. Forrest and his son move to Los Angeles for thirteen years to take care of Forrest's father. One day while picking up blueberries he his almost hit by a car on Union Pacific Avenue and his blueberries fell all over his white shirt and face. As he walks home, a man with a clip board starts yelling at him to get in position. He then dances behind Michel Jackson in the thriller video.
Ping Pong for Peace
Michael Jackson’s Thriller was released in November of 1982. It sold more than 1 million copies per month in the United States. It changed MTV by breaking down the networks racial barriers. It had unprecedented video quality and was the first music video. “Thriller” redefined blockbuster releases. About 27 years after its release it still is the best-selling studio album in the United States and is 28 times platinum.
Formation of Apple Inc.-1976
The Apple Computer Company was founded in April of 1976 by creators Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak. They wanted computers to be simple, user friendly and available in homes. They built the Apple I in Job's garage and sold them without a monitor or keyboard. Profits jumped in the 1980's and 1990's. Steve Jobs began branching into the mp3 business which would become Apple's most profitable sector. Apple Inc. led a path through the computer industry with creativity. This company has had a major impact on technology and has influenced the lives of millions of commuters.
After finding success in the shrimp industry Forrest retires. Lieutenant Dan invests in "some kind of fruit company" that turns out to be Apple Computers. Their investment in the start up company gives them a major profit. With the money Forrest gets from the Apple investment he renovates a church, medical center and gives it to Bubba's family.
Students Promote Integration
In the spring of 1961, student members of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) went of Freedom Rides to protest segregation on buses. They traveled from Washington, D.C. to Jackson Mississippi. In the deep south riders were met with violence. In Anniston, Alabama riders were met with a mob of 100 people and authorities gave the Ku Klux Klan permission to strike against riders. Some buses were firebombed and the protest gained national media attention. William Harbour was one of the first students to exit the bus and survived. He was one of the many student protestors. President John F. Kennedy was forced to intervene. The protests secured the Interstate Commerce Commission ban on segregation in all facilities they had jurisdiction over. Martin Luther King Jr. publicly supported the rider's peaceful protest although he did not participate.
Forrest ducked into a diner while he is junior year of high school to escape the bullies following him. He had run from Greenbow, Alabama to Anniston, Alabama. Outside the diner was a mob of about 100 people. Forrest wondered how the bullies were able to follow. Him he asked a boy getting off the bus where it was going, the boy said "heading towards integration." Forrest said what's that? He found out the boy was William Harbour a Tennessee State University student. The boy explained he was riding the buses to end segregation.
Duck and Cover Video-1951
OJ Simpson Trial-1995
In 1995 O.J Simpson was charged with the murders of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman. The American public immediately became fascinated with the case but Simpson was an ex-football player and a sports announcer. Ninety five million viewers turned in to witness the courtroom testimonies. The case broke the record set by Charles Manson’s case as the longest trial in California history. The jury spent three hours deliberating and on October 3, the jury decided he was “Not Guilty.” The case had produced 150 witnesses in 133 days and cost almost $15 million. This trial is remember for it controversial attitudes towards race and has slowed the trend of courtroom cameras.
When Forrest’s dad died he inherited his father's house, which was located at 876 S. Bundy Drive, Los Angeles, California. At 12:02 he heard yelling next door from his neighbors and called the cops. They arrived to find Nicole Brown Simpson and Ronald Goldman stabbed to death. Forrest then was asked to testify in the OJ Simpson Trial, however, he had not seen anything that would convict the famous football player.
September 11th Attack-2001
Hijacked Jets Destroy Twin Towers and Hit Pentagon on Same Day of Terror
On September 11, 2001, the Islamic extremists known as Al-Qaeda took over four planes an attacked areas in the United States. Two of the planes were flown in to the World Trade Center in New York City, one hit the Pentagon in Washington, D.C. and one crashed in Pennsylvania. The 9/11 attacks led to many deaths and began the initiatives to defend against terrorism. More than 3,000 people died in NYC, 400 being law enforcement and fire fighters. This was the first organized terrorism against the United States and will be remembered throughout the nation's history.
Little Forrest flies to New York to take a job interview at Deutsche Bank Building in New York. Forrest watches on television at the Twin Towers collapse on September 11th and his son does not answer his phone. Forrest flies to New York to find his son is alright.
Fall of the Berlin Wall-1990
Berlin Wall Crumbles
At the end of World War II, the Allied powers divided Germany into four zones. The United States, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union all occupied a piece. This was also done in the capital city of Berlin. When the relationship between the Allies and the Soviet Union fell apart the occupation became a competition. Even though the reunification of Germany had been the desired goal, the relationship between the Soviet Union and Allies created an East vs. West or communism vs. democracy mentality. When living conditions became vastly different many people moved from East Germany to West Berlin. After losing 2.5 million people, East Germany built a wall to keep people from crossing the border. The wall fell on October 3, 1990. The Berlin Wall was eventually chipped away, into smaller pieces.
Forrest watches on the News that the Berlin Wall is being taken down. He wonders why a wall was ever put up, because World War II was over.
Tiger Woods Wins Masters-1997
Golf Star Wins Masters Competition
Tiger Woods became the first African-American to win the Masters at Augusta National Golf Club in 1997. Tiger Woods had played golf from an early age and turned pro after playing for Stanford University. The Augusta National opening in 1933 hosted the first Masters tournament one of four major pro golf championships. Until 1990 the club had no African American members and today female members can only play as guests of a member. Tiger Woods won the Masters again in 2001, 2002 and 2005. He is considered the greatest golfer in history.
While living in California win his son Forrest, cuts the grass at the Augusta National Golf Club. One day he finds a ball in the woods he moves the ball back onto the fair field. He is surprised to find a golfer hit the ball and win a tournament.
Nixon Denies Role in Cover Up, Admits Abuses by Subordinates
Apple Computers Change Future
H-Bomb Capable of Total Destruction
Melt Down in Pennsylvania
Man Walks on the Moon
New Fast Food Restaurant Sweeps the Nation
Popular Zombie Short Film
"The World is Waiting For the Sunrise"
by Les Paul and Mary Ford
Released on: May 19, 1961
During the Cold War the United States feared annihilation and it seemed like a period of darkness. When there was no longer a threat of attack it was almost as if the night was over and it was a new day.
"Hearts of Stone" by Fontaine Sisters
Released on: June 30, 1955
The spread of McDonalds fast food restaurants was around the time American obesity became a national concern. Over eating McDonalds or other fast food items can be linked to arteriosclerosis which is fat solidifying in the blood vessels and heart.
"One Track Mind" by Bobby Lewis
Released on: August 10, 1961
The Freedom Riders goal of the summer of 1961 was to end segregation through peaceful protest. Both the Riders and Martin Luther King had the same goal to promote equality.
"Armstrong, Aldrin and Collins"
by the Byrds
Released on: 1969
Armstrong, Aldrin and Collins were all astronauts on Apollo 11 making them the first men to walk on the moon.
"Tragedy" by Bee Gees
Released on: June 17, 1979
This was the worst nuclear accident in the world until Chernobyl which happened seven years later. The regulation on nuclear energy and power in the United States changed as a result.
"Thriller" by Micheal Jackson
Released on: November 30,1982
The song Thriller inspired the first music video which was a major success.
"Freedom" by George Micheal
Released on: November 1, 1990
The people of East Berlin were reunited West Berlin.
"You Don't Know How It Feels" by Tom Petty
Released on: January 5, 1995
The OJ Simpson Trial seemed to polarize the country along racial lines. 'You Don't Know How It Feels' voiced the overall sentiment of the two sides when the verdict was announced.
"Feels So Good" by Mase
Released on: November 20, 1997
After training for years to play golf, Tiger Woods winning the Masters felt 'so good.'
"Survivor" by Destiny's Child
Released on: December 1, 2001
Survivor of this tragedy continue to tell heart wrenching stories of the September 11th attacks.