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Eating Disorders

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Stephanie Sokolowski

on 17 June 2011

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Transcript of Eating Disorders

Eating Disorders Definition: Definition: Any of a range of psychological disorders characterized by abnormal or disturbed eating habits Binge Eating Anorexia Bulimia Binge eating disorder is characterized by compulsive overeating in which people consume huge amounts of food while feeling out of control and powerless to stop. Anorexia nervosa meaning "loss of appetite" is a deadly eating disorder with three key features:

-refusal to maintain a healthy body weight
-an intense fear of gaining weight
-a distorted body image -Thinking about food constantly
-Eating long after you are full
-Eating very quickly
-Grazing
-Gaining too much weight fast
-Feeling out of control when you eat
-Prefer to eat alone in secret Signs of Binge Eating Signs of Anorexia -weigh 15 percent less than normal body weight
-afraid of weight gain
-obsess over food (eg cut into little pieces, calories)
-unsatisified about your appearance
-avoid eating
-over exercising Stomach problems
Heart problems
Irregular periods or no periods
Fine hair all over the body, including the face
Dry, scaly skin
Possible infertility
Tiredness
Headaches
Osteoporosis
Liver and Kidney Failure Eating disorders have the highest mortality rate of all mental illnesses, with 10% to 20% eventually dying from complications. An estimated 78% of adolescent girls wish to weigh less. People with eating disorders appear to share a common personality type. They may suffer from very low self-esteems and a strong need for control in their lives. They are often perfectionists and over-achievers. Eating may be a way to cope with stress and anxiety for many. Unfortunately over or undereating is followed by extreme guilt and a fear of gaining weight. What is Anorexia? Effects What is Binge Eating? The relief the bingers feel after eating is temporary. Afterward, they feel guilty that they have eaten, blame themselves and realize that the reality they were trying to escape still exists. that one in 4 Canadians is clinically obese? Did you Know? The percentage of young women who admit to having been affected by binge eating symptoms is about 1 in 5 A person who binge eats can take in 20,000 calories during a binge, while most normal people only eat 1,500 – 2,500 calories a day. About 4 million people have binge eating disorder according to the National Institute of Health 40% of people suffering from compulsive eating are males Effects of Binge Eating weight-related hypertension and/or fatigue
nausea
weight gain
increase in risk of diabetes, high blood pressure, and some forms of cancer (for obese individuals only) No one knows the causes of eating disorders. The leading suggestions are
-stress
-the need for control
-pressure to be thin
-nature (psychological issues) People with anorexia continue to think they are overweight even after they become extremely thin, are very ill or near death. Did you Know? It is estimated that 1 to 2 out of every 100 women has struggle with anorexia at some time in their lives Young women with anorexia are 12 more times likely to die than women who don't have anorexia. This is the highest rate of any emotional problem. It is estimated that only 4 out of every 10 people with anorexia nervosa will make a full recovery. In society, anorexia is potrayed as more of a women's disease, thus many men instead of undereating, over excercise. This stereotype also keeps many men from accepting their condition, admitting to their weaknesses and seeking help. What is Bulimia? Bulimia is an eating disorder in which a person binges on food or has regular episodes of significant overeating and feels a loss of control. The affected person then uses various methods like vomiting or laxative abuse to prevent weight gain. People with bulimia most often abuse medicines and drugs. They usually take appetite suppressants, diuretics, laxatives and drugs to induce vomiting. An average binge is said to happen around 11 times a week. It is thought that the number of woman suffering from bulimia tripled between 1988 and 1993. -Weight gain
-Dieting
-Trying to control food intake
-Vomiting meals
-Swollen cheeks and salivary glands
-Weakness and dizziness
-Loss of menstrual periods Signs of Bulimia A recent study found that 70 percent of grade 6 girls surveyed
reported that they first became concerned about their weight between
the ages of 9 and 11. To treat a person with an eating disorder they first must:
1. Ask for Help
2. Find a specialist
3.Adress Health problems
4. Make a long terms treatment plan Treatment Genes Environment Emotional Distress Therefore, if you think you or a friend may have an eating disorder try the self test at:
http://www.healthyplace.com/Communities/Eating_Disorders/concernedcounseling/eat, contact an adult or call Distress Centres Ontario at 416-486-2242.
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