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The Korean War
Transcript of The Korean War
Began at the end of World War II.
Korea was divided at the 38th parallel into Soviet (North Korean) and U.S. (South Korean) zones of occupation.
In Korea (obviously)
Along the Pusan line, the 38th parallel, and the North Korean Chinese border
Where It took place:
Countries: North Korea, South Korea, Turkey, United States, United kingdom, Australia, France, Philippines, South Africa, China, and Soviet Union
Political leaders: Kim Il Sung, Douglas C. Mac Arthur, Syngman Rhee, and Harry S. Truman, Joseph Stalin
Who was involved
Communist leader of North Korea.
Led his nation in the Korean war
Convinced Soviet Union to support North Korea
Launched attack on South Korea after he received a promise of support from the Soviet leader.
Kim Il Sung
The Three Phases
The U.S., People's Republic of China, North Korea, and South Korea agreed to an armistice.
Was signed on July 27, 1953 stating that all fighting would stop.
How it ended
The Korean War (1950-1953)
Amber Robbins, Amaya Numkena, Franco Begay, and Shinique Nez
16 nations participated in the Korean war.
More than 3 million people died in the war.
Marked the beginning of the Cold war.
North Korea still remains the most hardline communist state in the world.
There are about 6.8 million veterans of the Korean war.
How it began:
Started when about 75,000 soldiers from the North Korean Communist army crossed the 38th parallel and invaded South Korea.
First phase was the US and South Korean troops being pushed back into the southernmost corner of Korea.
Second phase was the surprise attack from behind the lines of the North Korean troops by MacArthur and his men,
Third Phase driving back the North Koreans and MacArthur fighting with the president about invading china even more.
Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman became the 33th President of the U.S.
The "Truman Doctrine" committed the U.S to a policy of supporting foes of the Cummunism everywhere in the world.
Failed to led the U.S to victory in the Korean War led to a serve decline of support for the president's policies among the American people.
Dr. Synman Rhee was an American-educated Korean who returned to his country to become the 1st president of the South Korea in 1948.
A fierce anticommunist, Rhee led his nation through the Korean War
Douglas was in charge of the American-led coalition of the United Nation troops.
Organized brilliant attack behind the enemy lines.
Underestimated the threat of Chinese intervention and was caught off-guard by the Chinese advance.
Forces thrown into retreat.
MacArthur demanded a massive retaliation -possibly involving nuclear weapons- against China itself. President Truman denied his request, fearing it might lead to WWIII.
On April 11, 1951 Truman removed MacArthur from command for insubordination.
A Soviet leader
Feared an attack from the south
Kim Il-Sung insisted on war but Stalin disagreed.
Stalin finally agreed to support invasion after being convinced that the U.S. wouldn't get involved.
Initiated preparations for the war
No one won the war.
Returned to the way things were before the war
North Korea gained little territory below the 38th parallel on the western side.
South Korea gained little territory above the 38th parallel on the eastern side.