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Transcript of Punctuation
Did you know periods are called "full-stops" in England? BET NOT!
Complete a full-thought (most times)
To build suspense, writers slow down the pace of the story. The best way to do this is with a series of short sentences. Why we should study periods. "Fourth quarter. Three minutes left. Nease High just went up 21-17 on Robert Marve and the boys from Plant. Complete pass. Again. Clock's ticking. Again. Down the field they go. The kid can't miss. The panthers are nearing the end zone... The whole place is on its feet. Ball's on the 5-yard line. Marve takes the snap. Drops back. Throws." Yea, you wish you knew what happens! In Review:
The more periods, the more steps, and the slower the pace of the work for the reader.
Why would you want to set a slow pace?
To create Suspense; to keep the reader hanging (Oh, by the way, Plant High School won the big game.)
To explain step by step
To magnify an emotion. Writers can also use a series of short sentences to magnify an emotion. This author wants to capture the feeling of despair as a victim of rape realizes her attacker now lives openly in her town. "Maybe I shouldn't have been surprised. I knew he stayed in the area. But it still shocked me to see his photo. He was marrying a younger women, one with a child, according to the article." Now you try!
Image a moment of suspense or emotional terror and capture it using periods and short sentences. (You can make it up) Question Mark Yay?... The question is the engine of debates and interrogations, of mysteries solved and secrets to be revealed, of conversations between students and teacher, and anticipation and explanation.
A good question, when used correctly can topple ignorance and lighten souls.
For the reader and writer, it is the great question that gives energy to a narrative. The best interview questions are open ended, which means the interviewer does not know the answer in advance.
In narratives, questions often imagine another person, inviting a response or a continuing conversation.
The best stories are formed around a question that the story answers for the reader. Harry Potter:
Who will live?
Who will die?
Is Headmaster Dumbledore really dead?
Is professor Snape good or bad?
Will Ron and Hermione ever hook up? Now your turn!
Scenario One: You can ask anyone one question. They can't lie. Who and what do you ask?
Scenario Two: You are writing a novel. Whats the question everyone is going to want to know? Exclamation Point RANDOM! If you want to be considered a serious writer, never, ever use emoticons in e-mail messages. The occasional exclamation is fine. ;-)
If you are tempted to use an exclamation point, read the passage aloud. If the content contains excitement or emotional intensity, perhaps you don't need the exclaimer.
The more the serious the story, the fewer you should find.
The less serious the story, the more liberty you can take with!!!!!
The most practical use of exclaimers is after a quotation or a bit of dialogue that expresses intense emotion. "The Russians are coming!" "The Text Point" You try!
Alright, my mind is on emoticons. Who knows some good ones? Comma Rules: Listing Comma: When listing within a sentence, there must be a comma before each statement, object, or phrase. Aardvark and Squiggly love chocolate, hiking, and fishing.
Squiggly was proud of his new muffin recipes: blueberry, peanut butter, chocolate chip, and coconut. 1. 2. Adjectives and Commas: 1. Can you put the word "and" between the adjectives and have the sentence still make sense?
2. Can you reverse the order of the adjectives and have the sentence still make sense? Aardvark is a hairy, small mammal.
NOT! Squiggly found four green Easter eggs. Commas, Dashes, and Parentheses Commas Dashes Parentheses Commas are used to separate parenthetical elements, asides, and non-essential elements. Elizabeth I, the queen of England, was King Henry's daughter.
Aardvark's best friend, Squiggly, went to the store.
My sister, Alice, loves ice cream. A dash is dramatic --or maudlin. A dash interrupts the flow of the sentence and tells the reader to get ready for an important or dramatic statement. Frank --Ed's evil twin brother-- now had the upper hand.
Squiggly has two favorite pets --Fluffy and Rascal. Parentheses are beautiful; think of them as bookends for fun little statements. The words inside parentheses are called parenthetical elements, and they often act as asides. Everyone loved Scott Sigler's new book (Contagioun).
I'm fantasizing (just fantasizing, mind you) about skipping town and taking a job as a juggler.
Also see the chapters on snails (pp. 100-109) and aardvarks (pp. 96-97). RANDOM! If you want to be considered a serious writer, never, ever use emoticons in e-mail messages. The occasional exclamation is fine. ;-) 1. Use a comma to separate two independent clauses connected by and, but, or, nor, for. 2. Use a comma to separate elements in a list or series. 3. Use a comma to separate introductory phrases and clauses from the independent clause. 4. In a series of adjectives, use a comma if the adjectives could also be separated by "and". 5. Use commas to set off clauses, but don't use commas for defining clauses.
(A defining or restrictive clause is one that can't be left out of a sentence.) 6. Words or phrases that interrupt the sentence should be set off by commas. 7. Use commas to set off an appositive. Comma Rules: 8. Dates, direct addresses and numbers over 999. Dear John:
I want a man who knows what love is. All about you are generous, kind, thoughtful people, who are not like you. Admit to being useless and inferior. You have ruined me. For other men, I yearn. For you, I have no feelings whatsoever. When we're apart, I can be forever happy. Will you let me be?
Jane Dear John:
I want a man who knows what love is all about. You are generous, kind, thoughtful. People who are not like you admit to being useless and inferior. You have ruined me for other men. I yearn for you. I have no feelings whatsoever when we're apart. I can be forever happy--will you let me be yours?
Jane 4. In a series of adjectives, use a comma if the adjectives could also be separated by "and".