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ACT Quality Core- US History Review Chapters 3 and 4
Transcript of ACT Quality Core- US History Review Chapters 3 and 4
of the United States 3. What was stated by the Monroe Doctrine? No Europeans in our space! The Monroe Doctrine warned European nations that the US was THE POWER in the Western Hemisphere, and that they needed to STAY OUT! 4. What conflict was settled by the Missouri Compromise? Whether new states should be admitted to the US as slave states- or free states. 36 36' Line 5. How did the US government target the Native American population with the Trail of Tears? They forced them to leave their land and march across the country- killing many along the way. 6. What is stated by the American belief of Manifest Destiny? That it is our DESTINY to inhabit the entire continental United States 7. How did the Santa Fe and Oregon Trail work to change the United States? It helped American settlers travel along an
established route to the Western United States.
This greatly increased the number of people moving West 8.What should we remember about the Alamo? The Battle at the Alamo was won by Texas helping free the land from Mexico.
Texas would declare itself an independent republic-- before later becoming a state. Remember the Alamo! 9. How did the Lowell textile mills change the way Americans worked? The Lowell Textile Mills started to show the impact of industrialization.
Americans would move out of working in their homes-- and into large factories.
Eventually they would face the hardships of factory work (low pay, long hours, harsh conditions) 10. What did Abolitionists want to end? SLAVERY 11. How did Ralph Waldo Emerson believe people could improve themselves? He believed in transcendentalism.
The idea that there are UNIVERSAL good things in the world- and we should all aim to be universally good people to better ourselves and society. 12. How did William Lloyd Garrison work to inform the public about the abolitionist movement? He wrote a newspaper called the Liberator 13. How did Frederick Douglas' abolitionist ideas differ from William Lloyd Garrison? Frederick Douglas' ideas were less harsh and violent than those of William Lloyd Garrison 14. Elizabeth Cady Stanton was part of the abolitionist movement and what additional movement during the 1800s? Women's Rights Movement 15. What were the goals of the Seneca Falls Convention?
1. Improve everyday life/rights for women
2. Women's suffrage 16. How did Sojourner Truth show that she was different from many women during the early phases of the abolitionist and women's rights movement? She would give passionate speeches about the empowerment of women-- she believed women were showing themselves to be too weak. 17. What is it called when a state formally withdrawals from the Union? Secession 18. What did supporters of popular sovereignty argue? That states should be able to determine their own laws Stephen Douglas 19. How did American citizens work to help organize the escape of Southern slaves? The Underground Railroad 20. What did Harriet Tubman accomplish? She helped countless slaves escape enslavement through the Underground Railroad. 21. How did Harriet Beecher Stowe help increase the conflict over slavery in the United States? She wrote the book Uncle Tom's Cabin which brought to light the atrocities of slavery to people in the North. 22. What did the Supreme Court rule in the court case concerning Dred Scott? They decided that the national government could not determine the status of slaves in territories. 23. What was the most significant difference between the United States of America and the Confederacy? US-- Federal concentrated power
Confederacy-- State concentrated power 24. How did the Emancipation Proclamation change the meaning behind the Civil War? Although President Lincoln was almost MOST concerned about reestablishing the United States.
The Emancipation Proclamation concentrated the war on bringing an end to slavery.
25. What did the Gettysburg Address help many Americans realize about the nation they lived in? That they were ONE NATION and they needed to pull together if they were going to survive and be successful. 26. What did the 13th amendment accomplish? Abolished Slavery 27. How did the Freedmen's Bureau aim to help former slaves? It helped provide basic needs to freed slaves- things like food, clothing, jobs, etc. 28. What was the central goal of the period known as Reconstruction? To peacefully reunify the North and South after the Civil War 29. Why were the Radical Republicans upset with President Lincoln's plan for Reconstruction? Because many people felt that Lincoln was being TOO NICE to the South; and they worried that if they were allowed back into the United States they would secede again.
They created their own bills like the WADE-DAVIS BILL which made it more difficult to reenter the Union. 30. What did the 14th Amendment accomplish? The 14th Amendment made freed slaves citizens- and gave them the same protections by the law that all American citizens were provided 31.What did the 15th Amendment accomplish? The 15th Amendment provided the right to vote to any male- no matter their race. 32. What goals did scalawags have during Reconstruction? Scalawags were trying to take advantage of the situation in the South to make as much money as possible SCALAWAGS WERE SOUTHERNERS who after the war would act as thought they had always been on the side of the North. (Scalawag was a very insulting name) 33. Why did Southerners dislike carpetbaggers? 1. Because they were from the North
2. Because they were taking their money. 34. LAST ONE!!!
How were many African-Americans in the South
forced to earn money during Reconstruction? as sharecroppers