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A STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF CORRUPTION ON ECONOMIC AND

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Marilyn Mc

on 5 September 2013

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Transcript of A STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF CORRUPTION ON ECONOMIC AND

How can corruption be reduced
What are the causes of corruption
A STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF CORRUPTION ON ECONOMIC AND
POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT OF ARMENIA

Low level of respect for the law

Bribing tax collectors, traffic police, judges

The monopoly power of officials (bribes from clients)

The degree of discretion
that officials.



http://unpan1.un.org/intradoc/groups/public/documents/ASPA/UNPAN000533.pdf

Political structure

judicial system(democratic system)

The degree to transparency in the institution.

the low wages

the decline in economic activity
and income of the population


The proper implementation of those policies in Armenia is preconditioned by:


The free and fair elections
Politically educated people
Honest leader.


IN ARMENIA ALL THE BRANCHES AND ALL THE INSTITUTIONS OF GOVERNMENT ARE HIGHLY CORRUPTED.

THE MAJORITY OF DEPUTIES OF OUR PARLIAMENT ARE POWERFUL BUSINESSMEN. THEY WERE ELECTED BY BRIBING PEOPLE AND GETTING INTO THE PARLIAMENT. THEIR GOAL IS OF COURSE NOT TO SERVE FOR THE PUBLIC GOOD BUT FOR THEIR PERSONAL ADVANTAGE BY PAYING LESS TAXES, CREATING NEW BUSINESSES, ETC.






CIVIL SERVICE
JUDICIAL SYSTEM
BUDGET REFORM
GOOD FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
AUDIT AND CONTROL
TAX AND CUSTOMS
CIVIL SOCIETY AND THE MEDIA
ANTICORRUPTION CAMPAIGNS

According to World Bank the institutional strengthening is key part of county anticorruption strategies

“Although it is accepted that corruption rates vary and that they may and do alter with changing circumstances, and although it is accepted hat corruption may be more or less under the control or out of the control, the notion that it can be eradicated is rejected”

The anticorruption should mainly concentrate on the reforms of civil service, judicionary system, tax and custom departments.





Conclusion
They should learn the ways to control the government.
People lost their ability to think and make decisions for themselves

We have seen that high levels of corruption have very harmful effects on economic and political development as in other countries as well as in Armenia.
For controlling corruption is very important consolidated democratic institutions especially free and fair elections, people should understand that this is the basic decision they may make.

Conclusion

*Can affect on human capital formation.


*Capital outflow.




* Corruption reduces State revenues

* Creation of significantly higher levels of risk and uncertainty in economic transactions.

* Can reduce incentive for investment directly and through its impacts on government institutions


*Can lead to tax evasion and poor tax administration.

*In many cases tax collections is much lower than estimated tax bases.

In Armenia there are cases that businessmen pay bribes to senior tax or custom officials...

Negative effects

Corruption tends to shift government spending away from the social areas towards...




THE EFFECTS OF CORRUPTION ON ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT

Carl Fredrich
Corruption is a kind of behavior which deviates from the norm actually prevalent or behaved to prevail in a given context, such as the political.
It is deviant behavior associated with a particular motivation, namely that of private gain at public expense.

Leslie Palmier

Use of public office for private gain.

Carl Fredrich


Corruption is deviant behavior associated with a particular motivation, namely that of private gain at public expense.

Leslie Palmier



Use of public office for private gain.


Montesquieu

Saw corruption as the dysfunctional process by which a good political order is perverted into evil one and a monarchy into a despotism.

Rosseau

Political corruption is a necessary consequences of the struggle for power.

He argued "that man had been corrupted by social and political life. It is not the corruption of man which destroyed the political system but the political system which corrupts and destroys man."


WHAT IS THE CORRUPTION
Full transcript