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The Protestant Reformation
Transcript of The Protestant Reformation
Beginning of the Modern Era
Changes in every aspects of the social, political, and religious life
Protestan Reformation The Roman Catholic Church controlled religion, philosophy, morals, politics, art and education
The Roman Catholicism was the only religion of the Western Europe
The Roman Catholic Church was rich and powerful and preserved Europe’s classical culture
Wanted to renovate the Basilica of Sain Peter
Johann Tetzel came with the idea of selling indulgences German monk, priest, professor of theology, and iconic figure of Protestant Reformation
Abuses the Church was committing
How the Church was rulling its people
Selling of indulgences
Tendency toward secularization
How is a person saved?
Where does religious authority lie?
What is the church?
What is the essence of Christian living? "The theses debate and criticized the Church and the Pope; however, they wereconcentrated upon the selling of indulgences and doctrinal policies about purgatory,Catholic devotion to Mary, the intercession of and devotion to the saints, most ofthe sacraments, the mandatory clerical celibacy, including monasticism, and theauthority of the Pope." Believers left the Roman Cathilicism
Royal families left the Church
Emperor Charles V
Efforts to restore the faith of the people Many followers had left him
Royalty people left him
He was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic Church
“The reformation swept over the world like a violent storm: and it left as many ruins in its course. It threatened to overturn every thing, and bear down all thing in its impetuous course. So rapid was its word of destruction, that its admirers and participants confidently predicted the speedy downfall of the old religion and the triumphant establishment of the new ones on its ruins.” What is an indulgence? “In Catholic theology, an indulgence is the remission of the physical and temporal punishment for sins that is endured in Purgatory after death, even though the legal guilt has been pardoned by absolution.” -Dr. Bratcher What is secularization? “The act of permanent separation of men or women from their obligations to the religious life.” -Catholic Culture Dictionary Five Solas “Sola Scriptura” or Scripture Alone
“Sola Gratia” or Salvation by Grace Alone
“Sola Fide” or Salvation by Faith Alone
“Solus Christus” or In Christ Alone,
“Soli Deo Gloria” For the Glory of God Alone -Protestant Reformation -Archbishop M. J. Spalding Thesis 86 “Why does the pope, whose wealth today is greater than the wealth of the richest Crassus, build the basilica of Saint Peter with the money of poor believers rather than with his own money?” -Martin Luther