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Causes of the American Revolution

An overview of the various factors that contributed to the American decision to declare independence.

Leah Kureci

on 16 October 2012

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Transcript of Causes of the American Revolution

The French and Indian War was a turning point in the relationship between the colonies and Great Britain. The colonies were proud of themselves and celebrated their first major military victory. However, the British forces felt that they did all of the fighting, without much help
from the colonial militias
Additionally, the French and
Indian War put heavy financial
stress on Great Britain; their
national debt nearly doubled from
the war. The French and Indian War
increased tensions between the
colonies and Great Britain. 1) The French and Indian War
(1754–1763) 2. American propaganda Because of the economic strain placed on Great Britain by the French and Indian War, Great Britain tightened their imperialistic policies on the American colonies.

For example:
The Sugar & Molasses Act of 1733 raised the taxes on various imports in the colonies.
The Townshend Revenue Act of 1767 taxed glass, paint, oil, lead, paper, and tea
The Stamp Act of 1765 required colonists to pay a tax on every piece of printed paper they used. 3. British policies in the colonies 5. Conflict & Events What factors led to
the American decision to declare independence from Great Britain? Causes of the
American Revolution A turning point in the imperial relations American thought and propaganda
fueled anti-British sentiment
before the Revolutionary War.

For example, Thomas Paine's
"Common Sense" is one of the
main publications that promoted
the idea of American independence. American propaganda and thinking contributed to a new American identity in the colonies. British policies increased tension with the colonies! Different events greatly contributed to the increasing tensions between the colonies and Great Britain.
For example:
The Boston Massacre on March 5th, 1770 riled up American sentiment against the British. They accused the British soldiers of unlawfully massacring citizens (even though the citizens had heavily provoked the soldiers)
The Boston Tea Party in 1773 was a response to the taxes placed on tea. As a form of resistance, colonial men and women broke into the British trading ships in the night and poured the cargo of tea in to the harbor. These two events specifically contributed to the anti-British sentiments in the colonies, which spurred the colonies toward desiring independence. The Boston Tea Party
(1773) The Boston massacre
(March 5th, 1770) Let's look at a clip from Schoolhouse Rock to get an overview of why the colonies declared independence. But before we begin... "No More King!" With all of the different taxes placed on the colonies, the colonies were mad that they were not given a legitimate voice in Parliament to represent the colonies.

"The Americans held to the view of actual representation, meaning that in order to be taxed by Parliament, the Americans rightly should have actual legislators seated and voting in London"

"The British, on the other hand, supported the concept of virtual representation, which was based on the belief that a Member of Parliament virtually represented every person in the empire and there was no need for a specific representative"

[Direct quotes from http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h640.html] 4. Taxation without representation all photos and facts were gathered from ushistory.org and u-s-history.com.

Both are websites dedicated to covering various aspects of American history. References "No taxation without
representation!" What events, actions, etc. contributed to increasing tension between the colonies and Great Britain? What prompted the colonies to declare independence?

1. The French & Indian War = turning point in their relations
2. Stricter taxation and economic policies
3. Various events and conflict between the two increased tension.
4. American propaganda and American thought
5. Taxation without representation To summarize:
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