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Coastal Management Research Action Plan Presentation
Transcript of Coastal Management Research Action Plan Presentation
Research Action Plan
Lamiokor Wellington & Alicia Warren
Step 1: Aim
The aim of this R.A.P is to find out how to sustainably manage the issues around coastal regions.
From the aim of this R.A.P, a key question has been developed:
* Why do we need to manage the coast?
Step 2: Focus Questions
Step 3: Primary and Secondary Data
* Coastal Watch Website
* Live Camera Feed Screenshots (Pictures)
* School Textbooks
Step 4: Techniques Used To Collect the Data
* Coastal Watch Website:
- Observed 3 Beaches and recorded observations of tidal actions and landform features.
- Handed out 14 surveys to people to fill out to see people's
perspective's on the coast and how it affects them.
- Took screenshots of the live camera feed using the snipping tool on our laptops.
- Wrote out summarised information from the school textbooks.
A series of focus questions were developed to aide in the research of the key question:
* What are the issues that are occuring in the coastal areas?
* What strategies were used to manage the coast?
* How can you sustainably manage the coast?
order to anwer these focus questions, some data was collected including:
Continuation: Survey Results
Continuation: Live Camera Feed Screenshots
1. How does tourism affect the coast?
- Litter: 3 out of 12
- Pollution: 4 out of 12
- Erosion: 1 out of 12
2. On a scale of 1-5 how important is coastal management to you
- 1: 2 out of 12
- 2: 1 out of 12
- 3: 1 out of 12
- 4: 4 out of 12
- 5: 4 out of 12
3. Why is the coast important to you?
- Holidays & Weekends: 3 out of 12
- Scenery & Landscaping: 4 out of 12
- Marine life/Animals: 3 out of 12
- Isn't important: 2 out of 12
4a. Have you seen any strategies being used to protect the coast?
YES: 7 out of 12
NO: 5 out of 12
4b. What were those strategies?
- Council replaces the sand that it washed away: 1 out of 12
- Signs: 2 out of 12
- Wire nets on the rocks: 1 out of 12
5. What is your age group?
- 10-15: 3 out of 12
- 16-20: 3 out of 12
- 21-30: -
- 31-40: 1 out of 12
- 40+: 5 pout of 12
6. Does the coastal environment affect you? If so, why?
- NO: 8 out of 12
- Should be reserved for future generations: 1 out of 12
- Seasick/allergies: 1 out of 12
-Holiday concerns: 2 out of 12
Step 5: Collect
Coastal Watch Website Observations -
The data that was collected from the Coastal Watch Website include:
* Lennox Head Beach, NSW:
No headlands, light surging waves, rich vegetation, not much human development, low sand dunes covered by vegetation, log fence, water appears dark blue.
* Palm Beach, NSW:
Large headlands on the far sides of the beach and protruding out into the ocean, scaffolding, rough plunging waves, sand dunes, smallvegetations, water appears light blue.
* Rainbow Bay, QLD:
Hardly no sand, coral under the water, water appears light green, light surging waves, no human development.
Millions of Australian's use the coast everyday. Eighty percent of the Australian population lives within an hour's drive of the beach. In populated areas there is often conflict between different ways the coast can be used. The impact of people on the fragile coastal ecosystem is concentrated around the population center Australia's coast is vast varied. All around the continent extensive rocky headlands and cliffs can be found. Many of Australia's coastal areas have been altered and damaged with little regard for the impacts on the natural environment. The management of the coastal zone the responsibilty of all three levels of the government. There is sometimes an overall management plan for the whole coast is administered by the state government. The aim of this plan is to ensure the physical and environment character of the coast is not damaged. Using geographical information systems (G.I.S) mapping techniques the group aims to identify sources of water pollution and there are many programs like Coastcare and Dunecare where voluntary labour is used to rehabilitate dune systems and help remove exotic weeds and replace them with natural species.
Step 8: Suggestions/Reccomendations
Some suggestions on how to solve the issues of the coast:
Most people we surveyed didn't think of coastal management as very important to them therefore there should be more programs and community projects like COASTCARE that inform people about the issues of the coast and how it's affecting the coast and individuals can volunteer to help protect the coast in order to solve issues like littering. (Beach cleaning day.)
Another method is to have people monitor beaches at least every month to ensure that the beache's are maintaining their health and that people aren't damaging it, they can walk around and make sure people aren't littering and fine them if they are and make sure people aren't walking on the dunes, collecting rocks and sand and polluting the water by spilling chemicals.
There are many responses that individuals/groups can take part in helping to protect the coast like replanting the beach in certain areas that need help from coastal erosion. Things like building less infrastructure on or near the beach because in most cases the beach has to be destroyed to level out the land and in the process are getting rid of sand dunes. The rise in tourism has affected the coast because more buildings, and other infrastructure need to be built to accomadate the tourists, so building companies and the government should find alternative places to build those things.
Step 6: Process & Analyse the Data
The primary and secondary data answers the key question. (Why do we need to manage the coast.)
The primary data indicates that we need to manage coast.
The survey indicates that many think it's important because we have to sustain it's natural landscape. Almost 80 percent of people we surveyed said that tourists affect the coast from their litter and it ends up going out into the ocean and affecting marine life. (Turtles tend to eat plastic bags and choke on it and die.) The results confirm that the coast has to be preserved for the future generation and should be taken care of more because many people who were surveyed don't think the coast is important to them which shows that the importance of managing the coast and protecting it isn't seen and it should.
The secondary data implies that coast lines tend to be very heavily populated. They are areas of high economic value due to tourism. Coastlines are particularly prone to flooding. They are fragile ecosystems which take a long time to recover if they are destroyed. They might possess some cultural heritage value representing history at one point in time. There is also recreational, economical and environmental value in preserving ecosystems and biodiversity.
Textbook Information (Summarised):