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Theorising Risk!

Week 2 - Risk, Society and Modernity
by

Paul O'Connor

on 26 January 2016

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Transcript of Theorising Risk!

Theorising Risk!
Week 2
How do experts define and discuss risk?
We are following Lupton's criteria and following 3 main paths.
Realist Position (Measuring Risk)
Critical Realist (How is Risk Understood)
Constructionist (Risk is a Construted Discourse)
Epistemological Positions
What are the RISKS of being in this classroom?
Risky Classroom Survey
www.govote.at - 26 98 27
https://www.mentimeter.com/s/8f8674edc41375c1fc89eb551e75db5d/53dde3d585f7
www.govote.at - 19 66 3
Real Risk
https://www.mentimeter.com/s/4f281af8e00e01bf7c14416127c1922f/975ec9d00026
We are going to use these approaches in our tutorial case study presentations
Tackling Theory
Theories discuss 'other' theories, and challenge and critique them
Theory is not an answer
It provides a Framework to think about complex ideas
Theory helps us to understand and develop new ideas about things
Fire!
Electronics!
That Class is so dangerous
The 'Realist' Psychology of Risk
or
How People Think About Risk
lay people overestimate some categories of risk and underestimate others
Paul Slovic
Naive Realism
This sort of information is gathered using surveys, it produces hard data, this can be represented as a form of truth
Our ability to predict is flawed.
The Scandal of Prediction.
Sydney Opera House
Work Began in 1959
Estimated to Cost AU$ 7 Million
and be open by 1963
Eventually opened in 1973 and cost AU$ 104 Million
Confirmation Bias
Increase in Knowledge = Increase in arrogance
Still a Realist
Perspective
Sociocultural Perspective
Critical Realist
Sociology
Anthropology
Cultural Studies
Philosophy
Social History
Social Geography
Psychology
Media Studies
'The Cultural Turn'
Risk has become a 'Modern' 'Western' way to talk about Danger
&
Provides a form of social and cultural coherence about how to organise and manage daily life
&
As Modern life has become more complex Risk has become more important
Risk Society
Cultural Symbolism
Reflexivity
Choice
Subjectivity
Intervention
Blame
Strong Constructionist
Risk =
Control
Surveillance
Regulation
Discipline
Risk does not have to be real
"nothing is a risk in itself: there is no risk in reality. But on the other hand, anything
can
be a risk: it all depends on how one analyses the danger, considers the event."
Obesity Task
“Critics of the obesity discourse contend that medial and public health researchers and official shave misinterpreted data on obesity in their argument that exceeding a certain body mass is a major risk to an individual’s health and longevity. These writers argue that the research supporting the notion of the ‘obesity epidemic’ and linking fatness to ill health is far from conclusive. They draw attention to the common conflating of the terms ‘overweight’ and ‘obesity’ and the inaccuracy of the commonly used measure of body weight, the body mass index (BMI), and challenge the causal relationship between fatness and diseases, which are commonly attributed to it.” (Lupton pg 48).
Realist Position (Measuring Risk)
Critical Realist (How is Risk Constructed)
Constructionist (Risk is a Discourse)
We have looked at the theorising of Risk
Approached three different perspectives
Naive Relist
Crticial Realist /Weak Constructionist
Strong Constructionist
Observed how they can explain risk in different ways
Prepared to work with these paradigms to understand our future discussions on 'Risk' in the coming weeks.
Conclusion
X
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BMI - 1850
Art / Fashion
Health
Governance
Full transcript