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The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow
Transcript of The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow
•Under the Jim Crow laws, African Americans were considered as second class.
•The Jim Crow system was formed by the following beliefs: whites were superior to blacks in all important ways. Ku Klux Klan Civil Rights Acts of 1875 THE 14TH AMENDMENT, EQUAL PROTECTION CLAUSE Enforcement Act of 1870 Grandfather Clause Literacy Tests Solid South Some of the laws:
•A black male could not offer his hand (to shake hands) with a white male because it implied being socially equal. Obviously, a black male could not offer his hand or any other part of his body to a white woman, because he risked being accused of rape.
•Whites did not use courtesy titles of respect when referring to blacks, for example, Mr., Mrs., Miss., Sir, or Ma'am. Instead, blacks were called by their first names. Blacks had to use courtesy titles when referring to whites, and were not allowed to call them by their first names. In the 1890s, each southern state passed constitutional amendments placing stipulations on voting that hit African Americans the hardest. There were three main ways of doing this: poll taxes, property tests and literacy tests.
Poll Taxes, Literacy Test and the Grandfather Clause were only few of the many measures passed in the 1890s designed to create racial boundaries. The poll tax simply put a tax on voting. Poll Taxes clearly had a discouraging effect on voting by poor people (whites and blacks) Poll Tax The Ku Klux Klan was founded in 1866.
It was one of of the several white supremacy organizations, which were dedicated to opposing civil rights for Blacks, Jews, and other ethnic, racial, social or religious groups.
The costume adopted by its members was a mask and white robe and high conical pointed hat. The enforcement acts were criminal codes that protected blacks rights to violate, hold office serve on juries, and receive equal protection of law.
If the state failed to cut the law allowed the federal government to intervene
The target of the acts was the Ku Klux Klan, whose member were murdering many blacks and some whites because they violated legal office
States were scared to take strong action against the Klan because the political leader sympathized with the Klan were members or because they were to weak to act.
President Grant declared that "Insurgents" were in rebellion against the authority of the United states. The Act was a federal law enacted by congress that prohibited discrimination in public accommodations. A Louisiana law, that required separate seating for white and black passengers on public railroads.
Plessy argued that this policy violated his right to "equal protection of laws" COURT DECISION the court disagreed. they believed segregation was permissible if facilities were equal.
they also ruled that the 14th Amendment was "not intended to give Negroes social equality but only political and civil equality" The state of the southern U.S that traditionally supported the Democratic party after the civil war. It refers to the government pratice of testing the literacy of potential citizen at the federal level, and potential voters at the state level. The federal governement first employed literacy tests as part of the process in 1917. It was a law that said any one whose grandfather could vote even if white was poor and couldn't pay toll taxes and dumb and couldn't pass a literacy test, then they could still vote because they were white and had grandfathers who had voted, but yet the blacks did not have that choice.