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APUSH Part 4 Question 10

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Margaret Minnig

on 15 April 2010

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Transcript of APUSH Part 4 Question 10

Following Reconstruction, many southern leaders promoted the ideal of a "New South." To what extent was this "New South" a reality by the time of the first world war? In your answer be sure to address the following:
a. Economic devolment
b. Politics
c. Race relations Thesis: Southern leaders promoted the "New South" as a way to decrease Northern influence on Southern affairs directly after the Civil War. The fact that the phrase "New South" is in quotation marks immediately suggests that it was a dream and not a reality. Racial tensions, poor economic practices, and a divided political stance hindered the South from achieving the equality and prosperity present in the North. Economic Development Northern Investors Gained control of Southern railroads, steel industry, new lumber and mining industries. Cotton Industry Cotton mills built to increase production, but were quickly bought out by Northern business men. Labor Sharecropping and crop-lien system tied poor black and white farmers to the land, encouraging debt. Child labor was prevalent. The jobs offered to African Americans were trivial. And worst of all. many African Americans still lived in semi-slavery, working as "domestic servants." Conclusion: Southern per capita income = much less than North. South still controls same amount of national market as they did pre-war. Politics Southern Democrats Conservative whites controlled Southern government and limited spending aimed at helping African Americans. African Americans Fight Back The NAACP and the Colored Farmers' Alliance were steps toward political equality in the South. Also, there were some black house and senate representatives sent from the South. These were small steps outweighed by the steps taken by the Democrats against black people. Disfranchisement Poll taxes, literacy tests, and grandfather clauses instated to discouraged African American voting. Southern states adopted white-only Democratic primaries. Race Relations Labor Southern African Americans were barred from joining labor unions and most white-collar jobs. Racial Violence Lynching, KKK activity, and race riots were common. Court Decisions Plessy V. Ferguson was aimed at creating seperate but equal facilities and the Civil Rights Act of 1875 attempted to prohibited segragation in public places. The Jim Crow laws of the South rendered the Civil Rights Act of 1875 useless. Also, Cumming vs. Richmond Board of Education went against Plessy V. Ferguson by upholding unequal schools for black students. Booker T. Washington Vs. W.E.B. Du Bois Washington supported self-help for blacks and encouraged seperation of the races based on his belief that African Americans were superior. Du Bois sought a more practical route and wanted a political stance taken against the Democratic party of the South.
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