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Comparisons between Spanish-Speaking Countries

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Emily Coffey

on 29 May 2014

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Transcript of Comparisons between Spanish-Speaking Countries

Comparisons between Spanish-Speaking Countries
By: Emily Coffey
Spanish-Speaking Countries
Spanish Speaking Countries
Countries' Flags
Mexico
Puerto Rico
Cuba
Dominican Republic
Guatemala
El Savador
Honduras
Nicaragua
Costa Rica
Panama
Venezuela
Colombia
Ecuador
Peru
Chile
Bolivia
Paraguay
Argentina
Equatorial Guinea
Uruguay
Spain
Background
Colombia
Venezuela
Ecuador
Independence in 1822
The Gran Colombia
Separation in 1830
Currencies
Mexico: Peso
Puerto Rico: US Dollar
Cuba: Peso
Dominican Republic:
Peso
Guatemala: Quetzal
El Salvador: US Dollar
Honduras: Lempira
Nicaragua: Córdoba
Costa Rica: Colon
Panama: Balboa
Venezuela: Bolívar
Colombia: Peso
Ecuador: US Dollar
Peru: Sol
Chile: Peso
Bolivia: Boliviano
Paraguay: Guaraní
Argentina: Peso
Uruguay: Peso
Spain: Euro
Equatorial Guinea:
Franc
Differences between
Pesos
1 US Dollar ~ 13.07 Mexican Pesos

1 US Dollar ~ 22.22 Cuban Pesos

1 US Dollar ~ 42.33 Dominican Pesos

1 US Dollar ~ 1965.20 Colombian Pesos

1 US Dollar ~ 549.70 Chilean Pesos

1 US Dollar ~ 7.93 Argentine Pesos

1 US Dollar ~ 22.38 Uruguayan Pesos
Background
Puerto Rico
Cuba
Puerto Rican flag made to gain support for independence
Based design off of Cuban flag
Honduras
El Salvador
Nicaragua
Gestures
Similarities
Día de Año Nuevo
Holidays That All Countries Celebrate
Carnaval
Día de Los Muertos
Navidad
Linguistics
Rituals for bringing in the New Year:
Eating 12 grapes
Choosing underwear
Burning effigies with fireworks
Eating lentils
Hanging wool toy lambs on doors
Sweeping/cleaning homea
Throwing water buckets out of window
"The Epiphany"
Ends Christmas celebrations
Main day of gift exchange
Rosca de Reyes (King's Cake)
Rituals in different countries:
Yellow: Represents country's oil- main export & provides money (gold) for country
Blue: Represents courage
Red: Represents bloodshed during the War of Independence
7 stars represent seven original states of Venezuela after War of Independence & white is peace between states and countries
Different interpretations of colors:
1. Yellow & Red similar to Venezuela, Blue represents sea which is important to Colombia
2. Yellow-Sovereignty, justice; Blue-loyalty, vengeance; Red-valor, generosity
Yellow: Represents sunshine, grain, mineral health
Blue: Represents water around Ecuador (sea, rivers) and sky
Red: Patriots' bloodshed while fighting for freedom
Day before Lent
Celebrations around the world
Avilés, Spain
Ponce, Puerto Rico
Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
Mazatlán, Mexico
Rugs in El Salvador
White dresses in Mexico
Ecuador's
Franesca
White star symbolizes Puerto Rico,
Red represents warriors' bloodshed,
White symbolizes victory, peace, and liberty
Triangle: three sides stand for three branches of government; blue represents the sky and water surrounding the country
The white star (La Estrella Solitaria) "lights the way to freedom and was taken from the flag of Texas"
Red represents bloodshed in fight for independence
White stands for "purity of the independence ideal"
Blue stands for 3 old divisions of Cuba (central, occidental, oriental)
Triangle stands for liberty, quality, and fraternity
Guatemala
Costa Rica
Background
All flags came from flag of Federal Republic of Central America
Central American flag came from Argentine flag
French privateer Louis-Michel Aury
First Mexican Empire annexed the Captaincy General after their independence from Spain
Central American provinces finally separated from Mexico into United Provinces of Central America in July 1823
Kept blue-white-blue flag until republic broke apart between 1838 and 1840 because of constant fighting
Flags changed slightly
Stars stand for counries that were part of the former Federal Republic of Central America
One blue stripe represents the Pacific Ocean and the other represents the Caribbean Sea
White represents the land between the ocean and sea along with peace and prosperity
Blue represents sky, opportunity, & perseverance
White stands for peace, happiness, & wisdom
Red represents bloodshed caused fighting for freedom and people's generosity & vibrancy
Accents
Types:
Castilian
Andalusian
Murcian
Canarian
Llanito
Latin American
Rioplatense
Caribbean
Equatoguinean

Various Meanings for Words
Greetings
Men
Women
Men & Women
Social Events
Arrival Time
Gifts
Guatemala
Chile, Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Indigenous Languages
Aztec Empire: Nahuatl
-Mexico to El Salvador
Incan Empire: Quechua
Mayan Empire: Mayan
Nahuatl
Quechua
Mayan
Dances with Spanish Origin
Argentina: Tango (National Dance)
Bolivia: Saya, Caporal, Morenada, Diablada
Chile: La Cueca (National Dance)
Colombia: Vallenato, Cumbia
Cuba: Cha Cha, Mambo, Rumba
Dominican Republic: Merengue, Bachata (National dances)
Equatorial Guinea: Balélé

Taboo Gestures
Semana Santa
Nahuatl
Spanish
ahuacatl
xītomatl
xokolatl
chapolin
tecolotl
coyotl
ocelotl
kwarachi
papalotl
aguacate
jitomate
chocolate
chapulín
tecolote
coyote
ocelote
huaraches
papalote
Quechua
Spanish
llama
vicuña
cóndor
puma
papa

llama
wik'uña
kuntari
puma
papa


Honduras: Punta
Mexico: Jarabe Tapatío
Nicaragua: Las Inditas
Panama: Tamborito
Paraguay: Galopa
Peru: Marinara
Puerto Rico: Plena, Bomba
Spain: Jota, Fandango, Flamenco, Paso Doble, Sardana, Muñeira, Bolero, Sevillanas, Zambra
Uruguay: Pericón, Tango
Venezuela: Joropo

Tango
Puckering lips to point
Beckoning by extending arms and moving fingers in a scratching motion
Point with whole hand, palm face-down
Height for animal is represented with palm face-down; height for people is with hand sideways and thumb up
Slapping bottom of elbow with palm to say someone is cheap
Thumbs up
Chin flick (flicking fingers under chin; can be rude) means not caring
Mayan
Spanish
cigarro
Belize
chuco
siyar
baliz
chuco
Includes El Doming de Ramos, El Viernes Santo, La Pacua de Resurrección
Middle finger
Putting thumb between middle and index finger while making a fist
OK sign
feet on furniture
Pouring wine with left hand while grasping neck of bottle
inverted OK sign
Extending the pinky and index finger while bending the middle and ring finger to say one’s wife is cheating on them
El Día de Los Reyes
Celebrated November 1-2
Celebrates lives of loved ones who have died
Originated in Mexico
Decorations include skulls and skeletons
December 24
Misa de gallo at midnight
Christmas dinner and gifts
Decorations - manger scene
Baby
Cake
Jacket
Muffin
Sidewalk
Most: bebé
Argentina, Uruguay: beba (girl), bebe (boy)
Chile: guagua
Although,
Puerto Rico, Dominican Republic, Cuba - guagua (bus)
Usually taught as
pastel
Colombia:
ponqué, torta
Argentina, Chile, Ecuador, Uruguay, Venezuela:
torta
Peru:
queque, torta
Bolivia, Costa Rica:
queque
Panama:
cake, dulce
Cuba:
cake
Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico:
bizcocho
Spain:
tarta

Although,
Mexico - torta (sandwich)
Various Meanings for Words
Jacket
Muffin
Sidewalk
Usually taught as
chaqueta
Dominican Republic, Panama: saco
Argentina: campera
Peru: casca
Mexico: chamarra
Puerto Rico: blazer (women), gabán (men)
Although,
Spain - saco (large bag, sack)
Mexico - saco (suit)
Usually taught as
panecillo
Guatemala: mollete
Argentina, Colombia: muffin
Bolivia: pancito
Peru: quequito
Mexico: muffin, panqué, pastelito
Although, in some countries
panecillo also mean dinner roll
panqué also means pancake
In several countries: acerca
Mexico: banqueta, acerca
Although,
Spain - banqueta (bench)
Full transcript