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TUBERCULOSIS

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victoria najera

on 27 May 2015

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Transcript of TUBERCULOSIS

TUBERCULOSIS
isoniazid (INH)
rifampin (RIF)
ethambutol (EMB)
pyrazinamide (PZA)
Treatment
Do not spend long periods of time in stuffy, enclosed rooms with anyone who has active TB until that person has been treated for at least 2 weeks.
Prevention
TB is primarily an airborne disease. The bacteria is spread from person to person in tiny microscopic droplets when a TB sufferer coughs, sneezes, speaks, sighs, or laughs. Only people with active TB can spread the disease to others.
Transmission
Symptoms
PAIN
: in the chest, can occur while breathing


WHOLE BODY
: malaise, sweating, fever, loss of appetite, night sweats, fatigue, or chills
COUGH
: can be chronic, with blood
These symptoms can result in death if not treated immediately.
Origin
Tuberculosis starts in the lungs with a bacteria called
Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
was declared by a German physician, Robert Koch, in the year 1882.
In 2013, there were 9 million people were infected with Tuberculosis and about 1.5 million people died.
The deadly bacteria known as, Tuberculosis, originated in Africa about 70,000 years ago.
Use protective measures, such as face masks, if you work in a facility that cares for people who have untreated TB

If you live with someone who has active TB, help and encourage the person to follow treatment instructions.
ALSO COMMON
: loss of muscle, swollen lymph nodes, phlegm, shortness of breath, or unintentional weight loss


What is Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis is a bacterial infection that mainly affects the lungs.
TB can affect people people between the ages of 0-60+
If these symptoms result, be sure to contact a doctor or local hospital for further information!
Antibiotics:
This graph shows how many reported cases of TB in the US were during the years of 1982-2010.
The year with the most cases was 1982 with approximately 25,000 cases .
In California, the average salary per month is about $1,280.00 (depending on type of job). If TB infects a person, that means they can't go to work for at least 3-9 months. So as a result the money lost between those months is an estimated $3,840-$11,520 (also according to type of job).
TB is a contagious disease that can easily spread.

This concludes our presentation. Thank You!
For more information about Tuberculosis, visit:
http://www.cdc.gov/tb/


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