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Collective Behavior

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Francis Elloren

on 19 March 2013

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Transcript of Collective Behavior

Collevtive Behavior Collective Behavior We are guided by norms and values which make
our behavior patterned, recurrent, and settled. We
do things the way they are supposed to be done.
However, despite these standards of behavior, we encounter situations where norms do not apply. These types of behavior that are not guided by group norms are called collective behavior. In the Philippines, collective behavior occurs in the form of demonstrations, rumors, protests, riots, coup d' etat, cults, religious revivals, and even revolutions. Explanations & Theoretical Formulations about Collective Behavior Convergence Perspective

This explains that human behavior is determined by forces. within the individual. The participants in collective behavior have common characteristics such as similarity in social positions based on income, education, social class, and relative deprivation. Emergent Norm Perspective
it states that collective behavior is not characterized by unanimity but by differences in expressions and emotions. Proponents assume that collective behavior is guided by emergent norms. Types of Collective Behavior The Crowd

It is said to be a transitory group of persons in an ambiguous and, to some degree, unstructured situation where participants do not have a clear and pre-existing knowledge of how to behave, but feel that something can be done.

Or in simple language, it is a temporary gathering of group of people. Types of Crowd Casual Crowd
It is a spontaneous, loosely organized and very momentary type of grouping whose members come and go.

It is the least organized and most temporary of all types of crowd.

Examples of this is lines to buy movie tickets, and lines in a grocery store. Conventionalized Crowd
It is more organized than casual, and
people gather for a common reason. Examples are funeral, ball game, boxing. Acting Crowd
This is an active, volatile group of excited persons whose attention is focused on a controversial or provocative issue which arouses action, if not indignation.

Most violent; intense emotions which are usually hostile, destructive, and focused on one target. by: Francis Elloren Smelser's Value Added Approach
1. Structural Conduciveness
2. Structural Strain
3. Generalized Belief
4. Precipitating Factors in the form of Dramatic events.
5. Mobilization of participants to join the action after the Precipitation
6. Ineffectiveness of the social control The Public Panics
Situations in which people are largely affected by fear, such as stampede. Panic situation happen when a building burns, a ship sinks, or when there is an earthquake. Fashion, Fabs & Crazes Expressive Crowd
It is characterized by rhythmic activity, intense emotional contagion, and emotional release. Unrestrained physical movements like clapping, shaking, rolling in frenzied activity are distinct features of this crowd. Examples is a concert. Mob
Most violent form of an a acting crowd.
United by a violent goal.
Usually has a leader or leaders.
Generally unstable and limited. The Audience Audience consider as an "institutional crowd". The spectators or audience are usually passive and controlled by certain cultural rules. The Mass It is a unfounded anxiety shared by people
scattered over a wide geographical area; involves irrational beliefs and behavior spread by the population and fueled by the media. Like mass, public is a dispersed collective and, like the crowd, it includes the elementary processes of milling and rumor. Rumors & Gossip An unverified or substantial information about events or people which become revised, distorted, condensed or expanded as it transferred from one person to another.

Gossip is related to rumors. It is also informal and idle talk but centers on the affairs of others. Enthusiastic attachment among large number of people for particular styles of appearance or behavior. Fashion are continuously changing.

Fabs are passing fancies or novelties related to trivial deviations from the conventional behavior.

Crazes is an intense attraction to an action, activity, object, or person. Disaster Behavior This behavior is displayed during times of disaster such as earthquake, volcanic eruption, typhoons, and coup d' etat. Public Opinions A collection of differing attitudes, that members of a group of geographically scattered people have about a particular issue. Mass Communication It refers to large-scale organizations using print and broadcast communications such as radio, television, and film. Mass Media plays an important role in this regard. Newspaper
Motion Pictures Social Movement It is a type of collectivity composed of people who share sentiments or grievances who unite to promote or resist change. Expressive Movement
Resistance and Protest Movement
Reform Movement
Rebellion and Revolutionary Movement
Non-Violent and Peaceful Revolution Presented by:
Elloren, Francis S. Presented to:
Ms. Mary Beth Miranda
Sociology Instructor
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