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USA - World Police?
Transcript of USA - World Police?
World Police? Interventionism Isolationism World War II 1939 - 1945 Vietnam War 1964 - 1973 Iraq War 2003 World Police today Syrian civil war Today Definition Reasons for that statement World Power The conflict Consequences The intervention Reasons for the intervention Intervention World War I 1914 - 1918 Reasons for the intervention Consequences Reasons for the intervention The intervention Manifest destiny 1845 Content Isolation Consequences Reasons for the war Conclusion police: the civil force of a state, responsible for the prevention and detection of crime and the maintenance of public order world police: a military force, responsible for the solution of a conflict and the prevention of a war in another countries many interventions in the last centuries
US wants to democratize the world
want to stop the tyranny
Manifest Destiny and Monroe Doctrine a country that has significant influence in international affairs John L. O'Sullivan(1813-1859): In beginning of the war in 1914, the US was neutral and tried to keep out
The US was heavily saturated with propaganda
Pro- British, against Germany
On May 7th, 1915, the 'Lusitania' sunk. 128 Americans were killed
On April 6th, 1917 the United States formally declared war on Germany German military successes in Europe and the Battle of Britain prompted nationwide American rethinking about its posture toward the war
On December 7th, 1941 Japan bombed Pearl Harbour
On December 11th, Hitler declared war on the USA
174,000 men in the Army;
126,400 in the Navy;
26,000 in the Army Air Corps;
19,700 in the Marine Corps;
10,000 in the Coast Guard
six million in the Army
3,400,000 in the Navy
2,400,000 in the Army air forces
484,000 in the Marine Corps
170,000 in the Coast Guard
Nuclear bombs In 1945, the United States had In 1939, the United States had about began to expand its armed forces, build defense plants from 1823 to 1917 The Americans focused on territorial expansion in North America (avoiding 'foreign entanglements')
Isolationist policy was fixed by the Monroe Doctrine in 1823:
The US wouldn´t interfere in international affairs, wars of European nations and existing European colonies from 1917 till today The US occupied territories in the Pacific, like Hawaii, the Philippines, Cuba, Haiti ...
The US exerted dollar diplomacy
World War One / Two the principle that the US should give support to countries or peoples threatened by Communist insurrection Truman Doctrine Domino theory the theory that a political event in one country will cause similar events in neighboring countries military and economic world power a nation, organization, or institution so powerful that it is capable of influencing or changing the course of world events. editor of the United States Democratic Review Its US destiny to democratize the world Vietnam had been split into north and south (1954)
North Vietnam: communist government (Ho Chi Minh)
southern allies: Viet Cong (1960)
South Vietnam: democratic government (Ngo Dinh Diem)
The US backed Ngo Dinh Diem organizes the Republic of Vietnam and declared him president
North Vietnam was supported by communist China and Russia August 2 and 4, 1964 North Vietnam torpedo boats attacked the US destroyer bombing of North Vietnam
March 8, 1965 First US combat troops reach South Vietnam
By 1969 more than 500,000 U.S. military personnel were involved in the Vietnam conflict
The US used Agent Orange and Napalm US lost the Vietnam War
because of well-supplied Viet Congs in the jungle (network of underground tunnels)
On January 27, 1974, a peace accord was signed in Paris ending the conflict
More than 3 million people were killed (58.000 Americans) Anti-War Movement was the most significant
By 1968, almost 7 million protestors
half being white youths in the colleges
250,000 people demonstrate against the war in Washington D.C.
major factor affecting America's involvement in the war 1965-1971 A duty to disarm a nation like Iraq
Saddam Hussein is a tyrant and should be brought to justice
Oil reserves are necessary to the world's economy
In 2003 George W. Bush admitted that there was no evidence linking Saddam to 9/11 4,483 American soldiers killed
Over 100,000 Iraqi civilians killed
Spend around $900 billion dollars
Dictator Saddam Hussein is death
Decreasing human rights, no religious freedom and a chaotic political system The U.S. military is in 130 different nations and it has about 700 military bases around the world
It costs 100 billion dollars each year to maintain these military bases
The US is bombing 6 countries
Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan, Libya, Yemen and Somalia
U.S. military spending is greater than the military spending of China, Russia, Japan, India, and the rest of NATO combined Obama promises to bring the troops home from Iraq and Afghanistan and reduce America's oversized and overly costly military in the world. vs. Sources: http://endoftheamericandream.com/archives/16-reasons-why-the-united-states-can-no-longer-afford-to-be-the-police-of-the-world