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Policy Debate

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by

Farita Tasnim

on 22 October 2012

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Transcript of Policy Debate

NEGATIVE AFFIRMATIVE 1AC 1NR 2NC >Choose some of the 1NC arguments to extend
>Expand on those arguments
>Answer about half of the 2AC arguments, leaving some for the 1NR
>Assess impact of off-case arguments
>Arguments may change substantially from 1NC
>Can make new arguments, but not common
>8 min. POLICY DEBATE THE BASICS What should the government do?
>environmental regulation
>investments
>foreign/domestic policy 1 2 1 2 Farita Tasnim, Patricia Chang, Alys Barrow, Raja Gonzalez, Brandon Vance, Dillon Evans, & Madelynn Kraft BRIEF OVERVIEW (8 mins.) 1AC - Read the case and plan.

(3 mins.) CX - 2NC asks questions.

(8 mins.) 1NC - Presents disadvantage and case arguments.

(3 mins.) CX - 1AC asks questions.

(8 mins.) 2AC - Answers ALL negative arguments. Rebuild and strengthens case. Point out arguments that the negative has not attacked.

(3 mins.) CX - 1NC asks questions.

(8 mins.) 2NC - Presents any additional case arguments not covered by 1NC.

(3 mins.) CX - 2AC asks questions.

(5 mins.) 1NR - Presents all other negative arguments not covered in 2NC.

(5 mins.) 1AR - Answers ALL of the negative arguments from both the 2NC and the 1NR.

(5 mins.) 2NR - Tells the judge why the negative arguments outweigh the arguments of the affirmative.

(5 mins.) 2AR - Tells the judge why the affirmative arguments outweigh the negative arguments. Introduction Always the first speech in debate
Initial opportunity for the affirmative team (the team that supports resolution) to present and defend their Case and Plan; builds argument
Emphasizes STRONGEST argument Substance Completely written out ahead of time
Entire outline of Case and Plan presented
BEST evidence
Evidence should have qualifications
Establishes credibility
Debaters should anticipate counterarguments, and should plan accordingly. Structure 2 basic types I. Significance/Harm
II. Inherency

III. Solvency PLAN - the Contentions 1 and 2 Cross - Examination After the 1AC... 2NC asks questions... 1AC answers... ...and it keeps going until time runs out. Description of Status Quo

Advantages
Significance/Harm
Inherency
Solvency PLAN - the Contentions 1 and 2 Cross - Examination After the 2NC... 2AC asks questions... 2NC answers... ...and it keeps going until time runs out. Negative Block >16 minutes
>Very important to manage time efficiently
>Goal: make it as hard as possible for the 1AR to respond
>General Structure:
>2NC: off case: topicality, disadvantages
>1NR: on case: inherency, advantages, solvency
>Pick and choose best arguments
>Dropping a topic is the worst thing you can do >Rebuttal=no new information, only use past cards/sources
>Explain to the judge why you should win
>Mention three things: time, magnitude and risk/probability
>Extend all other 1NC arguments
>Expand on those arguments
>Keep countering 2AC
>No Cross-ex 2AC 1AR 2AR 1NC 2NR >Last speech
>5 min.
>Use 1AR as reference
>Extend 2AC arguments
>Previous information given in speech is reinforced
>Advantages of resolution
>Sum up the entire the debate
>Attempt last stab at the negative arguments >Cover the arguments from the 2NC and the 1NR, including the off-case and on-case arguments
>5 minutes to counter 16 min. Neg block
>Very precise and efficient
>Have a strategy in mind; don't drop arguments!
>Proportion time spent on a topic to the time spent by the Neg block
For example, if one-fourth of the Neg block was spent on why ice cream tastes awful, 1AR would spend one-fourth of the time on why it doesn’t taste awful
>Standard must be changed based on the value of the negative’s arguments and the strong points of your earlier affirmative arguments
>Use 2AC as a reinforcement point for speech>Set up speech for 2AR
>Answer directly the negative questions that impact the judges the most
>Topicality usually at beginning; follow road map of Neg block
>Word Economy >Rebuild the affirmative case (Extensions/New Arguments)
>Respond to the off-case arguments presented by the 1NC (DisAds/Solvency)
>Can spend most time on the off-case arguments since they can rely on the 1AC evidence to help answer the case argument.
>Present a wide variety of arguments to go along with your refutation and rebuilding. This makes the other team unorganized.
>Answer EVERYTHING said in the 1NC by spending the same amount of time refuting their evidence as they spent giving it.
>2AC must know their information more than anyone, because they must pull out information for their speech to refute and have to recap on the 1AC. Cross - Examination After the 2AC... 1NC asks questions... 2AC answers... ...and it keeps going until time runs out. >Off-case arguments first (Topicality, Disadvantages)
>On-case arguments next (Counter 1AC directly)
>Avoid repetitive arguments
>Make sure you include a link of why your disadvantage relates to the resolution
>Logical arguments
>Quick and clear delivery
>8 min. >Last negative speech
>Begin with an overview
>Tell judges why you should win every argument
>Anticipate what 2AR would say and counter it before they say it
>Evaluate arguments and choose some to hit hard on
>Again mention time, magnitude, and probability
>Don't drop any arguments! Some Important Definitions Tag: The thesis of each piece of evidence you use, including the author and the date of publication
Advantage: Postive results of the resolution
Disadvantage: Negative results of the resolution
Road Map: A brief outline of how you plan to progress in your speech Flowing >This is perhaps the most important thing you can do during a debate because...
>Dropping an argument is the worst thing you can do during a debate.
>Take very abbreviated notes of the other side's arguments Sources www.urbandebate.org
www.odessa.debate.com
www.bostondebate.org
www.atlantadebate.org Cross - Examination After the 1NC... 1AC asks questions... 1NC answers... ...and it keeps going until time runs out.
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