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Copy of Copy of Ms Ryan's Elements and Principles of Art and Design
Transcript of Copy of Copy of Ms Ryan's Elements and Principles of Art and Design
of Art & Design
Implies movement and direction. Outlines the form of shapes and is used to suggest mood.
Which tools and mediums have been used? Has the artist applied a lot of pressure?
Describes a 2D area.
Shapes can be: open or closed, positive or negative, free-form or geometric....
3D quality of a shape.
Can be implied via tone/shadow or may physically be a sculptural, 3D artwork.
Refers to surface quality... Can be seen or touched.
Can be simulated via: stippling, hatching, cross-hatching, scumbling...
Red, blue, yellow, green, orange, purple.... Remember the colour wheel?
Artists may use colour for a symbolic,
descriptive, decorative purpose....
Refers to the degree of light or dark in colour and forms.
Describes the degree of brightness a colour has.
of Art & Design
Consider the sense of order and equilibrium between elements in an artwork.
An imbalanced artwork can make you feel awkwardness or discomfort, a balanced artwork may make you feel calm and order.
Juxtaposition of opposite qualities in an artwork.
High contrast can be used to: emphasise, dramatise, add variety and surprise.
Low contrast can be used to: soothe, settle, harmonise and comfort.
Is used to call attention to specific area(s)
within an artwork.
Points to the focal point of an artwork.
Elements are manipulated to imply motion and guide the viewer's eye
over the artwork.
Can be implied through recognisable images in action or through abstract, non-representational marks like: diagonal lines, broken edges or a gradation of tones.
The repetition of similar motifs on a surface, to create rhythm, organise/unify an object or simply to enrich an image.
Refers to all elements and qualities in an artwork working together to create a sense of 'oneness' in the composition of an artwork.
Unity can produce feelings of harmony, completeness and order.
A lack of unity can be used to imply disharmony, incompleteness and disorder.
Adjectives to describe lines: weak, strong, dominant, thin, thick, directional, broken, jagged, straight, curved, gestural, wavy.
Adjectives to describe form: rounded, square, angular, textural, volume and mass may be considered..(is the form heavy or light?)
Adjectives to describe shape: solid, organic, repeated, symbolic, proportional, asymmetrical.
Adjectives to describe texture: shiny, smooth, rough, coarse, gritty, granular, soft.
Image details and references
Adjectives to describe colour: bright, vivid, pastel, warm, cool, in harmony, discordant, realistic or abstract, monochromatic.
Colour has tone and intensity........
Adjectives to describe intensity: bright, vivid, strong, weak, radiant, dull.
Adjectives to describe tone: dark, dull, gloomy, stark, strong,
weak, transparent or opaque.
Adjectives used to describe balance: symmetrical, asymmetrical, formal, informal, rigid or random.
Egon Schiele, Self Portrait, 1913, pencil on paper.
Pablo Picasso, Les Demoiselles d'Avignon, 1907, oil on canvas.
Henry Moore, Seated Woman, 1956-7, Bronze.
Margarete, 1981, Anselm Keifer, oil and straw on canvas.
Luke Nguyen's Green tomato salald
Kandinsky, Sketch for Composition VII, 1913, oil on canvas.
Mark Rothko, Ochre and Red on Red, 1954, oil on canvas.
Jeffrey Smart, Cahill Expressway, 1962, oil on plywood.
Frances Bacon, Self Portrait, 1971, oil on canvas.
Rembrandt Van Rijn, Portrait of Saskia van Uylenburg, c. 1635, oil on canvas.
Marcel Duchamp, Nude Descending a Staircase no. 2, 1912, oil on canvas.
Gustav Klimt, Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I, 1907, oil, silver and gold on canvas.
Bridget Riley, Start, 2000, Screenprint.
Le Corbusier, the chapel of Notre Dame du Haut, Ronchamp, 1954.