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Louis Riel Timeline
Transcript of Louis Riel Timeline
Louis Riel is born in Red River Settlement, Manitoba.
The Métis National Committee is formed, with Riel as secretary and John Bruce as president.
Riel and his group of Métis chase surveyor William McDougall out of Red River Settlement and take Fort Garry later that day.
The Métis declare a provisional government. Riel becomes president on 27 December.
Thomas Scott, an anti-Métis who plotted against the provisional government, was executed by Louis Riel both for his insolence and to set an example.
The Manitoba Act formally admits Manitoba into the Canadian confederation.
The Red River Rebellion ends when Riel flees south to the Dakota Territory after hearing that Canadian militiamen were planning to lynch him.
RED RIVER REBELLION
Riel returns to Manitoba.
John A. McDonald arranges to bribe Riel to go into voluntary exile to prevent further rifts in Ontario-Quebec relations due to the upcoming election. Riel accepts and goes to St. Paul, Minnesota.
Riel returns to Manitoba and is convinced to run for parliament in the electoral district of Provancher. He later steps aside so that Cartier, a politician who had shown support for granting amnesty to Riel, can get a seat; however, even though he wins, Cartier dies on 20 May 1983.
Riel wins the ensuing by-election, but cannot take his seat due to a warrant being issued for his arrest. Riel goes on to win following re-elections even though he is continuously expulsed, showing that public opinion was positive towards him.
Amnesty is given to Riel under the condition that he remain in exile for five years. During this exile period Riel’s mental condition deteriorated.
Riel, now believing he is a prophet and the messiah of the Métis people, comes back to Canada to aid the Metis in Saskatchewan in appealing to the Canadian government.
Riel sets up a Saskatchewan Provisional Government, hoping to have the same effect as during the Red River Rebellion. This quickly progresses into armed conflict.
The North-West rebellion is highlighted in a handful of battles fought between Metis and Canadian forces. By early June, the Metis and Cree rebels were demoralized and exhausted, and many notable figures had surrendered, culminating in the defeat of the rebels.
Spring of 1885
Riel’s trial begins in Regina. It lasted five days. The jury was composed of six English and Scottish Protestants. Riel was found guilty and received the death penalty.
Louis Riel is hung for treason.