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Transcript of Women's Rights
The Romantic Period
The Victorian Era
"The White Slavery of London Match Workers"
Focus Story: Sums up this time period pretty well...
More Facts. . .
She became a popular public speaker, giving lectures across the country.
In London, in particular, she became noted for her radical political views.
She wanted freedom of thought, women's overall rights, and most importantly . . .
Women's Working Rights!
The Speech that Changed it All
Keep in mind that in the late nineteenth century there was a period of growing working class agitation, increased by poor working conditions and high unemployment.
In 1887, a mass rally against unemployment was held an Annie Besant was a key speaker at this event.
The rally was broken up by the police leading to one death and many injuries. It was a key moment in the development of greater political awareness of the working class, especially the women as a key role.
In turn. . .
Facts about the Twentieth Century
Women were becoming iconic figures
Working conditions were slowly getting better because more people were becoming AWARE
Once again a lot of this was contributed to . . .FEMALE AUTHORS
One Influential Female Author. . .
The Role of Women Working
By: Mallory Matthews
Consider for a
moment that you are a women in the time period that you picked. Briefly write a few sentences for how the working conditions would be. Also think about your mindset of the times and if you would be willing to work in these conditions for your family.
SHARE WITH THE CLASS!
Stay at home
"The Rights of Woman"
Women were "worthless"
"To a Little Invisible Being Who Is Expected Soon to Become Visible"
Roles in Society
What are the women thinking?
What are their emotions?
How do they feel about marriage?
How do they feel about their duties?
How do the children feel?
Anna Letitia Barbauld
A Brief Overview of the Victorian Era. . .
1837-1901 (Queen Victoria's Reign)
Social Ideas are very important in this time period
Someone can actually change social status through work
Money and power become increasingly important
Wars and also the effect of Imperialism
Evolution and Society's Reaction to this
Fiction in Literary Work rises along with Realism
Child Labor Laws/ Industrial Issues
So what does all this mean for women?
Still had virtually no rights
Men wanted the power and $
Had family responsibilities
Horrible working conditions
Types of Workers/Prostitution
Which leads us too. . .
By Annie Besant
Summary: Working conditions were horrible among women and they had no way out.
"Another who carried out the instructions and lost a finger thereby, was left unsupported while she was helpless."
About Annie. . .
Women's Rights Activist
Among many other influential positions
Working conditions enraged her
Used her positions as a podium
Born in London in poverty and looked after by family friend
She gained a good education and traveled Europe
At age 19 she married clergyman Frank Besant
Husband did not allow her to keep her earnings
Eventually left her husband and took their daughter
In 1888, London match workers at the Bryant and May factory went on strike in protest of their awful working conditions.
Long hours, low pay, and industrial diseases were factors
The workers asked Annie Besant to help them organize and capture their views
Thus, "The White Slavery of London Match Workers" became an iconic piece.
Annie Besant contributed immensely to the role of upcoming women's rights.
Conditions were horrible but by the time the end of the Victorian Era change was beginning to slowly happen.
Women were voicing their opinions more instead of staying silent.
Horrible conditions should not and would not be tolerated.
"An imperious necessity forces me to speak the truth, as I see it, whether the speech please or displease, whether it bring praise or blame. That one loyalty to Truth I must keep stainless, whatever friendships fail me or human ties be broken."
All about the Romantic Period
About Anna Letita Barbauld
Born on June 20, 1743
Was taught at home by her mother
Married Rochemont Barbauld
They established a boarding school
Started out by writing religious pieces
Later started writing about political and social concerns
Husband became mentally ill and abused Anna
He eventually drowned himself from guilt
She became depressed and her pieces reflected that
She died in 1825
Leading up to Victorian Period
Began questioning their roles
Wanted to be independent
Began to voice their opinions
Change was evident based upon the job types
Ideas were becoming more present in women
Women were becoming more confident towards men
Katherine Murry was her real name
Went by the pen name Mansfield
Born and raised in New Zealand
Had very influential friends such as Virginia Wolf and D.H. Lawerence
Had tuberculosis and died at the young age of 34
"The Garden Party"
What exactly was the role of women in this piece?
Does this display women of this time period correctly?
How are the views in a social stand point in this story?
With this mindset we go into the Twentieth Century...
1. Anna Barbauld
4. Annie Besant
7. Katherine Mansfield
- Personal Opinion
Just Who ARE the Women of the Twentieth Century?
Different From Romantic Period
Different from Victorian Era
Evolving into their own identities...
Society in itself was changing pace rapidly. . .
This story relates to Twentieth Century Women because . . .
common misconceptions were present
ideas were changing
men still wanted control/power
In this story, the main character is setting up for a party.
The strong opinionated male worker came to help put up the marquee and decided that where she wanted it was not good.
He went on to basically tell her what to do.
That part just shows how men so easily tell women what to do.
More on "The Garden Party"
In the story it also shows that women get upset over the littlest things. For example when she got the wrong flowers.
A man gets killed and they talk about how he left the wife and kids. The man is what “keeps the family afloat”.
The women were strongly encouraged by other people.
Women have evolved greatly in the work force throughout the centuries.
If not for the ideas in the Romantic Period, the fierce strikes in the Victorian Era, and the propaganda in the Twentieth Century women would not be where they are today.