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Transcript of Animal Farm
Moses- A calm raven who spreads tales of a Sugarcandy Mountain, a paradise for animals when they die. Orwell uses this character to explore how communism exploits religion as "something to pacify the oppressed"
How it represents a satire
satire- a story that attacks a serious event by displaying it in a ridiculous light.
George Orwell made Animal Farm a satire
The story is a representation of the Russian Revolution- made in a funny way
--- Stalin and Trotsky are made into pigs
-seems ridiculous for pigs to be fighting over power
, the pig, symbolizes Joseph Stalin,
the second leader of the Soviet Union.
represents Leon Trotsky, the first leader of the
, the loud mouthed pig, represents the Russian media.
, the work horse, represents the working class.
represents the people who didn't do anything to stop the governments unjust ways
represent the Russian military.
How it's an allegory
Summer Reading Project
Animal Farm by George Orwell
How it represents a Fable
The characters counterparts
Symbolism in Animal farm
fable- short, simple story, usually with animals as characters, designed to teach a moral truth
Fables are written to teach a moral truth, and Animal Farm represents a few.
-Animal Farm teaches a moral truth that all things are created equally, although all things are not treated equally.
-also teaches that too much power can be bad
(Napoleon took over the whole farm with his power)
allegory- a narrative that can be read on more than one level, in which a character, idea, or event also stands for something else
Animal Farm is definitely an allegory for many reasons.
-a child can read it, and understand the story as if it was just a fable/story about animals
-an adult can read the same story, but understand something totally different. They would see it as a representation of the Russian Revolution
, the original owner of Animal Farm, symbolizes Nicholas II who was the last tsar, or emperor, of Russia
represent the people during the Russian revolution who were easily swayed by propaganda
the flighty mare,
represents the Russian middle class
represents both Karl Marx
and Vladimir Ilych Lenin
a cart-horse who was a companion to Boxer,
represents the people who lived before the time of the Revolution
The characters counterparts
represents the power of the pigs. It shows that the pigs have the ability to manipulate the other animals.
The pigs do not help the animals while building the windmill.
The animals work very long hours and receiving little food while the pigs are eating all of it.
Benjamin- The old donkey who finds no inspiration in the rebellion. Feels that regardless of who is in charge life will not get better. He seems the most aware of the situation on the farm, but least motivated to act against the pigs.
Sheep- They are easily tricked yet very loyal spirit of the common people during this time. They remain loyal to Napoleon and say “Four legs good, two legs bad!” It later becomes "Four legs good, two legs better!
The Dogs- The 9 dogs follow Napoleon and scare off and attack (if need be) any person who opposes him. The dogs are ferocious and will stop at nothing to be loyal to Napoleon. They are a primary reason why Napoleon holds onto his power and is able to get things that he wants.
Animal Farm is told from a third person point of view, specifically one that has a limited omniscience. The third person point of view is important because it allows Orwell to take on the tone of the fable and be able to add interesting views of characters' thoughts.
Characters in Animal Farm
Napoleon is a power hungry dictator who now, runs Animal Farm. He is so vicious that he actually executes the Animals that try to or think about rebelling against him. He did this despite the fact that it was in the sixth commandment to not kill any other animal. It read "No animal shall kill any other animal." (pg.91) Napoleon's counterpart in the Russian revolution was Joseph Stalin. He wants total power.
Snowball was a happy and lively boar exiled by the ferocious Napoleon. He was also trying to be a leader of Animal Farm. Once he is exiled he is blamed for all the wrongdoings of the farm.(Napoleon's lies) He is very similar to Leon Trotsky. (Second in command)
Boxer is a very helpful, but yet stupid and passive horse. He is the strongest animal on Animal Farm, but yet worships/praises Napoleon. He often says "Napoleon is always right." Similar to to working class
"I will work harder."
Characters in animal farm
Clover is a middle aged mare (horse) who is loyal like Boxer. However, she cannot express her opinions very well because she has difficulty speaking and reading. She is outraged at what has happened with all the death and destruction in Animal Farm. She also points out that one of the commandments said that the pigs living on Animal Farm could not sleep in beds. They however, changed the commandment to "Animals cannot sleep on beds with sheets."
Squealer is a boar who only looks out for the good of the pigs. He is very good at manipulation and persuasion. (Always has a way of getting around the rules.) He tries to make the Farm feel as if they are all together as a unit. He does this by saying things like "Surely comrades, you don't want Jones back?"
Old Major is a smart visionary who has the idea of overthrowing the farm in the first place. (Because of him the animals created Animal Farm.) When giving his speech about overthrowing Jones' Farm (after he had his dream0, he states
"Only get rid of Man, and the produce of our labor would be our own. Almost overnight we could become rich and free. What then must we do? Why, work night and day, body and soul, for the overthrow of the human race! That is my message to you, comrades: Rebellion!"
Significance of Point of view
The novel is told in third person with frequent quotes throughout so that no bias is established and that one knows what is going on with all of the animals on Animal Farm.
Point of View
The two different ways to view the characters while you read
Symbolism in Animal Farm
symbolizes the Soviet Union's flag during the Russian Revolution.
it's color represents fields of England
horn and hoof convey the future
Republic of Animals
animal's freedom and hope
Napoleon carries symbolizes the return of humans' behavior back to the farm.
The whip represented all the bad things the animals tried to get rid of, but its back only with a different master.
portrays a memory of a Communist
The seven commandments were inside of the barn and were constantly changed to manipulate the animals
Most of the animals did not remember their earliest leaders well. Made the animals easier to manipulate.