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Reading is Not a Skill
Transcript of Reading is Not a Skill
Make a connection??
Visualize??? Question the author! WTF??!?!?
Thus, as the final day dawned and a near capacity crowd lustily cheered every run Australia mustered, much depended on Ponting and the new wizard of Oz, Mike Hussey, the two overnight batsmen. But this duo perished either side of lunch – the latter a little unfortunate to be adjudged leg-before – and with Andrew Symonds, too, being shown the dreaded finger off an inside edge, the inevitable beckoned, bar the pyrotechnics of Michael Clarke and the ninth wicket." Carly heard the buzzer, which was the signal to begin her descent. The thoughts whirling around in her head quickly disappeared, and she dug her ski poles into the packed snow. She leaned forward and began speeding down the steep snow-covered mountain. Her heart was thumping. Her breathing came in quick gulps, and she knew that there was no turning back. No time for fear. As she raced downhill, Carly saw that the first turn was coming faster than she had expected. A spray of snow filled the air as she skidded wildly around the flag. For one horrifying moment she thought she had leaned too far to the left and would crash. However, she managed to shift her weight and regain her balance. “Stupid!” she told herself angrily, but there was no time to think about what she had done wrong. She was already rushing toward the next flag. Simple texts, like those on reading tests, are filled with gaps--presumed domain knowledge--that the writer assumes the reader knows. Familiar words are confusing in unfamiliar contexts. Reading tests assume that reading is a broad, transferable, "how-to" skill that is easily measured and assessed—and that background knowledge doesn’t matter. Teaching Content Is Teaching Reading Our big picture goals are ALL knowledge-dependent
Creativity Middle School Experiment... Half are "good" readers;
half are "poor" readers... In each group, half know a lot about baseball;
half know only a little... The students read about an inning of a baseball game,
stopping to show on a game board what is happening
in the reading passage.... “Good readers” who didn’t know baseball: 18.8 out of 40 correct.
“Poor readers” who knew baseball: 27.5 out of 40 correct “Good readers ask questions.”
“Good readers create pictures in their minds.”
“Good readers make connections when they read.” Cargo Cult Reading “The form is perfect. It looks exactly the way it looked before. But it doesn’t work. No airplanes land. They follow all the apparent precepts and forms of scientific investigation, but they’re missing something essential, because the planes don’t land.” -- Richard Feynman. It is not enough to teach children what good readers do. We must also teach them what good readers know. “When our students resist writing, it is usually because writing has been treated as little more than a place to expose all they do not know about spelling, penmanship and grammar.” -- Lucy Calkins Where does content-free ELA instruction occur? In district schools AND charter schools. Among "good" teachers AND "bad" teachers In union districts AND union-free districts The achievement gap is a knowledge gap. Race to the Top Great Teachers and Leaders (138 total points)
Improving teacher and principal effectiveness based on performance (58 points)
Ensuring equitable distribution of effective teachers and principals (25 points)
Providing high-quality pathways for aspiring teachers and principals (21 points)
Providing effective support to teachers and principals (20 points)
Improving the effectiveness of teacher and principal preparation programs (14 points)
State Success Factors (125 total points)
Articulating State's education reform agenda and LEAs' participation in it (65 points)
Building strong statewide capacity to implement, scale up, and sustain proposed plans (30 points)
Demonstrating significant progress in raising achievement and closing gaps (30 points)
Standards and Assessments (70 total points)
Developing and adopting common standards (from the Common Core State Standards Initiative) (40 points)
Supporting the transition to enhanced standards and high-quality assessments (20 points)
Developing and implementing common, high-quality assessments (10 points)
General Selection Criteria (55 total points)
Ensuring successful conditions for high-performing charters and other innovative schools (40 points)
Making education funding a priority (10 points)
Demonstrating other significant reform conditions (5 points)
Turning Around the Lowest-Achieving Schools (50 total points)
Turning around the lowest-achieving schools (40 points)
Intervening in the lowest-achieving schools and LEAs (10 points)
Data Systems to Support Instruction (47 total points)
Fully implementing a statewide longitudinal data system (24 points)
Using data to improve instruction (18 points)
Accessing and using State data (5 points) Be Nice. Work Hard. Should Every Child Know...
The names of the continents and oceans?
Primary and secondary colors?
Basic geometric shapes?
Rhythm, melody and harmony?
Adding and subtracting single-digit numbers?
The parts of a plant? A coherent, specific, sequenced core curriculum. Standards are NOT curriculum. "Students will be able to analyze and evaluate experiences, ideas, information, and issues from a variety of perspectives.” “Building knowledge systematically in English language arts is like giving children various pieces of a puzzle in each grade that, over time, will form one big picture. At a curricular or instructional level, texts—within and across grade levels—need to be selected around topics or themes that systematically develop the knowledge base of students.” By reading texts in history/social studies, science, and other disciplines, students build a foundation of knowledge in these fields that will also give them the background to be better readers in all content areas. Students can only gain this foundation when the curriculum is intentionally and coherently structured to develop rich content knowledge within and across grades. So...what did you learn in school today? 4% of 1st grade class time in U.S. elementary schools is spent on science.
2% is spent on social studies.
In 3rd grade, about 5% of class time goes to science and social studies. Wait...what DID you do in school all day? 62% of class time in first grade and 47% in third grade is spent on language arts. "The mistaken idea that reading is a skill -- learn to crack the code, practice comprehension strategies, and you can read anything -- may be the single biggest factor holding back reading achievement in the country. Students will not meet standards that way. The knowledge base problem must be solved."
Daniel T. Willingham, University of Virginia. Exit Slip Rank from greatest to least, the importance of each of the following factors in your own educational outcome: a. testing and accountability b. your teachers’ membership (or non membership) in a union. c. data systems to support your instruction d. the type of school you attended (public, private, charter, etc.) e. your parents’ engagement in your schooling. f. the content of your education (what you actually learned in school). Please rank from greatest to least, the importance of each of the following factors in your own educational outcome:
a. testing and accountability
b. your teachers’ membership (or non membership) in a union.
c. data systems to support your instruction
d. the type of school you attended (public, private, charter, etc.)
e. your parents’ engagement in your schooling.
f. the content of your education (what you actually learned in school). Reading Strategies.... 1) rigfap
5) plizzle `Twas brillig, and the slithy toves did gyre and gimble in the wabe. A-Rod Finally Leads Rangers To World Series Metacognition? READING STRATEGIES
Determine your purpose for reading
Find the main idea
Make a text-to-self connection
Make a text-to-world connection Broad general knowledge correlates with broad general language competence!
(Kids who do well on reading tests know a little about lots of different things) Call or write anytime...
firstname.lastname@example.org School Choice Performance Pay Vouchers Extended Learning Time Common Standards What does it mean to be a good reader? Decoding is the ability to apply your knowledge of letter-sound relationships, including knowledge of letter patterns, to correctly pronounce written words. Understanding these relationships gives children the ability to recognize familiar words quickly and to figure out words they haven't seen before. de·code /dikōd/ Decoding is…
√ a skill you can learn and master
√ a transferable skill
Decoding is NOT comprehension! Comprehension is…
NOT an all-purpose skill
Comprehension requires background knowledge.
So why do we teach (and test) reading as if it's an all-purpose skill? Knowing about the subject MAKES you a good reader. Thank You.....
Core Knowledge Foundation