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Colony Collapse Disorder

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by

Ayesha Afzal

on 8 March 2013

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Transcript of Colony Collapse Disorder

Climate change

According to Dr. Reese Halter in his Huffington Post article....
"Bumblebee populations have been hit particularly hard. Since 1999, the rusty-patched bumblebee, whose habitat spanned from Quebec to Vermont, has disappeared along with four other bumblebee species. Franklin's bumblebee of northern California and southern Oregon is also now believed to be extinct. Large populations of western bumblebees that inhabited the entire west coast of North America have severely declined in the past decade." First reported case in 2006 in California
Now, 33 states have been affected.... "if bees disappear off the face of earth, man would only have four years to live..."
Causes of CCD Migratory beekeeping Pesticides by Ayesha Afzal Colony Collapse
Disorder.... climate change
migratory bee keeping
pesticides
parasites Many causes but some which offer substantial proof What is Colony Collapse Disorder? a term coined in 2006
the mass disappearance of worker bees from their hives---without a trace
queen bee and the brood are left behind, so is the honey
scientists baffled as to what might be causing CCD Parasites Varroa Mites relatively large parasite that is believed to feed on the bees "blood"
found in hives that are affected by CCD global warming affecting the 20,000 species of bees More than $15 billion a year in U.S. crops are
pollinated by bees,
U.S. honey bees also produce about $150 million
in honey annually
700,000 almond crop acres in California are dependent on honey bees for pollination.
The list of other crops, fruits and vegetables goes on and on, that rely solely on bees for pollination. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/dr-reese-halter/global-warming-bees-and-f_b_758503.html Neonicotinoids:
new systemic pesticide
nicotine-like effects
attacks all tissues of the plant, including the nectar and pollen
held responsible by some scientists for CCD Selective breeding: increases susceptibility to infectious diseases
Malnutrition: bees fed a diet of high fructose corn syrup when nectar is unavailable during long distances from one place to another Relocation: bees are transported over long distances to pollinate a variety of crops all across U.S, stressing their immune systems lets watch a short video.. this phenomenon has now spread to some European countries as well.. What is being done How can we help grow a garden
avoid using pesticides
buy honey from a local framer Steering committee:
Its the U.S dept of Agriculture response team for CCD. Its comprised of other govt agencies, academia and Environmental Protective Agency.
The committee is responsible for developing an action plan..
The main tenets of the plan are:
1. Survey or Data Collection
2. Analysis of Bee Samples
3. Hypothesis-Driven research
4. Mitigative/Preventive Measures these simple steps will go a long way in conservation of the threatened bee species and will hopefully restore balance to this very dire situation.... References... http://www.panna.org/current-campaigns/bees
http://www.panna.org/sites/default/files/Alaux_Neonics+Nosema.pdf
http://www.ars.usda.gov/News/docs.htm?docid=15572
http://www.ento.psu.edu/MAAREC/ColonyCollapseDisorder.html.
http://www.nrdc.org/wildlife/animals/files/bees.pdf
http://www.nrdc.org/onearth/06sum/bees1.asp
http://www.centerforabetterlife.com/eng/magazine/article_detail.lasso?id=106
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/dr-reese-halter/global-warming-bees-and-f_b_758503.html
http://www.pbs.org/wnet/nature/episodes/silence-of-the-bees/interview-filmmaker-doug-shultz/39/
(http://www.ars.usda.gov/is/br/ccd/ccd_actionplan.pdf) Albert Einstein
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