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Modal Verbs graphic organizer

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laura marcela alarcón

on 26 April 2011

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Transcript of Modal Verbs graphic organizer

Modal verbs what do they mean? Modals express our attitudes and emotions to an event or situation. The modal auxiliary verbs are: can, could, may, might, must, mustn’t, will, would, shall, should, ought to and need. In essence the modal verbs express modality, the way in which something is being said. They can qualify statements, express intent, express need, or suggest possible actions also modality is defined as the grammaticalized expression of the subjective attitudes and opinions of the speaker including: probability possibility necessity obligation permissibility ability desire contingency non modal verbs and expressions History multiple modal constructions similar to Modern English multiple modals first appeared in the English lenguage approximately 800 years ago. Be, be able to, have to, allow, are a few of which we can sometimes use instead of modal verbs.
Form Present time MODAL + INFINITIVE EX: You can run Past time MODAL + HAVE PAST PARTICIPLE + EX: It could have broken notes: He/She/It can go (there is no change in the third person)
Modal Verbs have no infinitive form
Permission can could may might Use 'can' to say that someone IS allowed to do something example: Can I eat those candies? (asking for permission)
Yes, you can eat those candies (giving permission)
to say that someone was allowed to do something in the past we use it : Example: Could I borrow that pencil? (asking permission)
She told me that I could take it.
(reporting permission) When being polite, or wanting to show respect, 'could' is a better choice than can. 'Can' is less formal and more direct than 'could.' When asking in a simple or direct way we use 'can.' Example: May I go to the bathroom ? It ‘s urgently
(asking for permission – an informal situation) to suggest that you are possibly going to do something but haven’t quite committed to the action yet used... May' and 'Might' can also be used when asking permission but are much more formal.
Is rarely used,however, educated and polite people still use modals to indicate politeness and show respect ex: I might go to the movies non - modals and expressions Let + object + infinitive
The teacher let her go to the bathroom.
Note: let does not have a passive form Allow(to)
They allowed him to play on the iPod. (allow + object + to + infinitive)
She was allow to drink water in class. (passive + to + infinitive)
Note: In a sentence like these, where the permission is resorted in an action, we can’t use could. (I could not leave the class early today) Permit (to)
You are permitted to scream only in recess time.
Screaming is permitted only in recess time. (rules made by someone else – more formal than allow)
is different from I am going to the movies expressing the possibility of going to see a movie the decided intent of your action to see a movie. Prohibition We use “mustn’t” when something is
forbidden. Musn't Examples:
You mustn’t take photos in this museum because it harms the monuments.
In Turkey you mustn’t smoke in public places. Can't We use “can’t” when we are not allowed
to do something. Examples:
You are not allowed to enter this room
= You can’t enter this room.
She can’t use the manager’s computer.
( She’s not allowed to use the manager's
computer. ) Exercises Let's see if you can use modal verbs. 1. Ted's flight from Amsterdam took more than 11 hours. He ____ be exhausted after such a long flight. He _____ prefer to stay in tonight and get some rest. 2. If you want to get a better feeling for how the city is laid out, you _____ walk downtown and explore the waterfront. 3. Hiking the trail to the peak _____ be dangerous if you are not well prepared for dramatic weather changes. You _____ research the route a little more before you attempt the ascent. 4. 4. When you have a small child in the house, you _____ leave small objects lying around. Such objects _____ be swallowed, causing serious injury or even death.
5. Jenny's engagement ring is enormous! It _____ have cost a fortune.
6. Please make sure to water my plants while I am gone. If they don't get enough water, they _____ die. 7. Mrs. Scarlett's body was found in the lounge just moments ago, and it's still warm! Nobody has left the mansion this evening, so the killer _____ be someone in this room. It _____ be any one of us! 8. _____ you always say the first thing that pops into your head? _____ you think once in awhile before you speak? http://www.englishpage.com/modals/interactivemodal1.htm
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