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Transcript of EcoTheoryEdu
to support general claims and study hypothesis; Important Theoretical Frames Bronfenbrenner's (1979) “ecological concept of human development"
Kelly's (1968) “ecological paradigm for a community psychology” Ecology in Education on a Timeline 70s Meta analysis of studies
on Ecological Theory
in Education Tamara Savelyeva, Ph.D
Faculty of Education, Hong Kong University Annual Conference of the Comparative Education Society of Hong Kong
February 23, 2013 step I : topologycal clustering method (examples) Class / social renewal , Parental Input, Developmental psychology, Policy analysis/ governmental Input, Higher education, Geographical ecosystem, Language issues/ Linguistic studies, Change and reform in education, Community ecology, Organizational ecology and management Examples of coding conventions: Coding Conventions
ECO METAPHOR (EM): Direct eco-metaphor (EM-D), System eco-metaphor (EM-S), and Cross-science eco-metaphor (EM-C). Eco-process metaphor(EM-P)
II. ECOMODEL (EMD) : Place Ecomodel (EMD-P), Interaction Ecomodel (EMD-I), and Complex Ecomodel (EMD-C).
III. ECO METHOD (EMT) ecology as model
in methodology of an educational study 70s, person–context interrelatedness Bronfenbrenner 90s, Process–Person–Context–Time model human development takes place through processes of progressively more complex reciprocal interaction between an active, evolving biopsychological human organism and the persons, objects, and symbols in its immediate external environment. To be effective, the interaction must occur on a fairly regular basis over extended periods of time. Such enduring forms of interaction in the immediate environment are referred to as proximal processes. (Bronfenbrenner & Morris, 1998, p. 996) step II: biblio--, info--, & sociometrics describe ecology as invisible college of in educational science network system Invisible college & Power elite model Scientific network system “hierarchical elite resulting from an expectable inequality, and number about the square root of the total population of people in that area of research front”
( Price 1971, p. 75). Price 1963, 1971 Crane, 1972 specialty formation:
training of junior talents
social transmission (Coleman et al., 1966)
saturation of the specialty criteria for invisible colleges (Zuccala, 2006 & earlier PhD thesis)
Most researchers are alive and their ideas are relatively resent;
The number of involved researchers should be appropriate to form informal ties;
Scholars are spread over the world;
It has to match an existing indexing system;
Preferably has a common place ( such as webpage or listserv) for information exchange.
step III : Social cartography Sepphi, 1996 Kelly, '60 & '90 from 1924 to present days of science “pre-historic” “contemporary” 1996 "Becoming ecological : an expedition into community psychology" "There is a different paradigm for being an ecologist. While knowledge from a far is carefully evaluated, knowledge of the local setting is primary. Such knowledge derives from the currency of real issues faced by the various sub groupings of the community. The ecological psychologist works to limit the power and prestige of the psychologist while creating a shared grounded platform to work together. Respect from the community is essential" p.390 2010 "Ecological thinking: Four qualities" flow ------ totality/ holism --- complexity variety of factors --- context --- network empirical --- descriptive -- interactive models 80-90s 90-00s