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Religion in Ancient Greece
Transcript of Religion in Ancient Greece
-Myths Worship occurred in homemade altars, public shrines and temples each town had a temple dedicated to one god or goddess
temples had statues of deities Priests:
1. Took care of temples and temple goers
2. Communicated with gods
*to become a priest one parent had to be a priest OR be appointed by a dying priest Sacrifices were common A Breakdown of Religion Unity of City states was based around the worship of a single god or goddess The deceased was prepared for burial according to the time-honored rituals The ancient Greeks worshiped many gods and goddesses which can be organized as follows:
Primordial Greek Deities --> Titans --> Olympians The Greeks believed that at the moment of death the psyche, or spirit of the dead, left the body as a little breath or puff of wind. The deceased was then prepared for burial according to the time-honored rituals. A: Primordial Greek Deities
--> Tartarus B: Titans
--> Prometheus C: Olympians
--> Hercules Oracles Functions: offer guidance and advice Sanctuaries and Shrines dedicated to Oracles Helped people make decisions based on interpretations of advice Sacrifices were made to show appreciation for Oracles : sheep, cows, goats, pigs and bulls Temples -kept in pristine condition
-e.g. food, animals, etc.
-Different deities for each city
-e.g Athens and the goddess Athena. -Unique temples, one system of beliefs
-originally small and for special occasions only
-located in holy places
-home of deity first Greeks believed the underworld had few joys, but they tried to greet death with calm courage Mythology Amazons: Female Warriors Keres: Evil Female Spirits Medusa: winged female monster with snake hair The dead belonged to a great community of souls that depended on the living for its well-being therefore remembering the dead was very important Satyrs: half man/half goat nature spirit who dwells in woods and mountains Death and the afterlife played a significant role in Greek Religion Centaurs: half man/half horse, wild and lawless but full of knowledge Sirens: femme fatales Typhon: represents disorder and devastation There were secret rituals intended to purify the individual and ensure a happy afterlife Medusa SATYRE CENTAUR Festivals -Recurred annually, every two years, or every four years.
-created to maintain a good relationship with gods
-Athens had most festivals (60 days) Anthesteria - festival of Dionysus and the new wine
Apaturia - festival of the phratry brotherhood
Dionysia - dramatic festival of Dionysus
Eleusinia - festival of games held at Eleusis
Pyanepsia - a bean feast
Thargelia - festival of Apollo and the new harvest
Thesmophoria - festival of Demeter celebrated by women Myths Part ii Mostly based on:
-the Theogony by Hesiod
-the Iliad and the Odyssey by Homer
-made people feel more connected to the gods
-grounds for worship
-demigods, gods, goddesses, humans (heroes), mythical creatures, mythical places, etc.
-meant to teach a lesson Conclusion Religion: celebrated differently by each city with same general beliefs
-myths, temples, festivals, all dedicated to the gods and goddess Sources http://greece.mrdonn.org/greekgods/index.html
http://library.thinkquest.org/28111/newpage2.htm Greek religion revolved around the worship and beliefs of greek gods and goddesses Like most ancient civilizations, the Greeks emphasized the importance of one's death and afterlife