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Religion in Ancient Greece

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Comp Civ Project

on 15 January 2013

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Transcript of Religion in Ancient Greece

the necessity of a proper burial was emphasized fdsfdsfasdf ffsdf asd faddfdfdvv Death and the Afterlife Religion in Ancient Greece Gods and Goddesses By Carrie, Isabella and Niki Introduction All religious activities centered around worship of the deities incl.:
-Sacrifice
-Temples
-Festivals
-Myths Worship occurred in homemade altars, public shrines and temples each town had a temple dedicated to one god or goddess
temples had statues of deities Priests:
1. Took care of temples and temple goers
2. Communicated with gods
*to become a priest one parent had to be a priest OR be appointed by a dying priest Sacrifices were common A Breakdown of Religion Unity of City states was based around the worship of a single god or goddess The deceased was prepared for burial according to the time-honored rituals The ancient Greeks worshiped many gods and goddesses which can be organized as follows:
Primordial Greek Deities --> Titans --> Olympians The Greeks believed that at the moment of death the psyche, or spirit of the dead, left the body as a little breath or puff of wind. The deceased was then prepared for burial according to the time-honored rituals. A: Primordial Greek Deities
--> Chaos
--> Gaea
--> Tartarus B: Titans
--> Cronus
--> Atlas
--> Prometheus C: Olympians
--> Zeus
-->Hera
--> Poseidon
--> Hades
--> Artemis
--> Athena
--> Aphrodite
--> Hercules Oracles Functions: offer guidance and advice Sanctuaries and Shrines dedicated to Oracles Helped people make decisions based on interpretations of advice Sacrifices were made to show appreciation for Oracles : sheep, cows, goats, pigs and bulls Temples -kept in pristine condition

-offered sacrifices
-e.g. food, animals, etc.

-Different deities for each city
-e.g Athens and the goddess Athena. -Unique temples, one system of beliefs

-originally small and for special occasions only

-located in holy places

-home of deity first Greeks believed the underworld had few joys, but they tried to greet death with calm courage Mythology Amazons: Female Warriors Keres: Evil Female Spirits Medusa: winged female monster with snake hair The dead belonged to a great community of souls that depended on the living for its well-being therefore remembering the dead was very important Satyrs: half man/half goat nature spirit who dwells in woods and mountains Death and the afterlife played a significant role in Greek Religion Centaurs: half man/half horse, wild and lawless but full of knowledge Sirens: femme fatales Typhon: represents disorder and devastation There were secret rituals intended to purify the individual and ensure a happy afterlife Medusa SATYRE CENTAUR Festivals -Recurred annually, every two years, or every four years.
-created to maintain a good relationship with gods
-Athens had most festivals (60 days) Anthesteria - festival of Dionysus and the new wine
Apaturia - festival of the phratry brotherhood
Dionysia - dramatic festival of Dionysus
Eleusinia - festival of games held at Eleusis
Panathenaea
Pyanepsia - a bean feast
Thargelia - festival of Apollo and the new harvest
Thesmophoria - festival of Demeter celebrated by women Myths Part ii Mostly based on:
-the Theogony by Hesiod
-the Iliad and the Odyssey by Homer
-made people feel more connected to the gods
-grounds for worship
-demigods, gods, goddesses, humans (heroes), mythical creatures, mythical places, etc.
-meant to teach a lesson Conclusion Religion: celebrated differently by each city with same general beliefs
-myths, temples, festivals, all dedicated to the gods and goddess Sources http://greece.mrdonn.org/greekgods/index.html
http://www.ancientgreece.co.uk/gods/explore/exp_set.html
http://edweb.sdsu.edu/people/bdodge/scaffold/gg/titan.html
http://www.mythweb.com/
http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/articles/greece/Religion-in-Greece/412
http://library.thinkquest.org/28111/newpage2.htm Greek religion revolved around the worship and beliefs of greek gods and goddesses Like most ancient civilizations, the Greeks emphasized the importance of one's death and afterlife
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