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ARAB SPRING

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by

Faisa Awil

on 17 January 2013

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Transcript of ARAB SPRING

BACKGROUND REASON OF THE ARAB SPRING The Arab Spring began because citizens among the involved countries wanted equal and fair treatment. After the revolution in Tunisia began many countries looked at the success of that country and began revolting. Resolution The start and duration of the arab spring
FAISA AWIL ARAB SPRING REVOLUTIONARY EVENT - The Arab Spring is a revolutionary event that took place recently in history. It officially began on December 17, 2010 and occurred due to citizens in the Middle East revolting against oppression, unfair elections and corrupts dictatorship. -The Arab Spring began in Tunisia when an average citizen suffering through the faults of the country set himself on fire. After his death, Mohamed Bouazizi was seen as an inspirational man and many started to protest because of reason death. Protests erupted in several countries, which began the revolution in the Middle East. Marches, protests, rallies and social media were tactics being used by the Arab civilians to show their concern and ambition for changing their governments -The revolution has caused economic, demographic and technological changes within each Middle Eastern country Factors that have led to the protests include issues such as : -dictatorship
-absolute monarchy
-human rights violations
-government corruption
-economic decline
-unemployment
-extreme poverty
-demographic structural factors The reason for the revolts in all Northern African Middle East countries have been related to the concentration of wealth in the hands of corrupt leaders in power for decades , insufficient transparency of its redistribution, corruption, the refusal of the youth to accept the status quo, , increasing food prices and global famine civilians are trying to accomplish a better life. , Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Yemen, Syria and Bahrain. WHAT OCCURRED -The numerous amount of protests and demonstrations began on December 18,2010 -Rulers have been forced from power in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya and Yemen. -Major protests have erupted within these countries. The protests all resemble each other of mostly civil resistance in campaigns -Through the Protests, the Arab people have many challenges to overcome with the destruction of cities, displacement of civilians and many more. Through the Protests, the Arab people have many challenges to overcome with the destruction of cities, displacement of civilians and many more. CONT'D Human rights abuses were documented. Millions of protesters from a variety of socio- economic and religious backgrounds demanded the over throw of the regime in which many of the of the involved countries had. During the revolution many were against unemployment The protesters demands than escalated to overthrow their leaders. COUNTRIES INVOLVED TUNASIA EGYPT LIBYA YEMEN SYRIA BAHRAIN TUNASIA It occurred in Tunisia on December 17, 2010 after the killing of Mohamed Bouazizi set himself on fire. It was reported that Bouzizi was always mistreated by police officers and would constantly take his wheel barrel away which was needed to sell his produce. Bouaziz tried to complain tried to complain about the local municipal officers, but they refused to speak with him, which eventually led him to set himself on fire. He returned to the provincial headquarters, and poured fuel all over himself. Protests erupted due to his death. It only took about 23 days after the death of Mohamed Bouazizi for President Ben Ali rule over Tunisia to finish. The citizens of Tunisia have been suffering from inadequate income. Many civilians blamed the Ben Ali for the economic crisis. EGYPT Egypt’s leader during the Arab Spring is named Muhammad Hosni El Sayed Mubarak. He served as the fourth president of Egypt. Because of the civilian’s involvement in the Arab spring, Mubarak had step down as president and was ordered for both him and sons to be detained for allegations of corruption and peaceful protesters during the revolution. LIBYA The third country to be involved in the Arab Spring was Libya. Protests began because civilians are eager to bring down the regime. Protests broke out in different areas of Libya to challenge his 42-year rule. The UN had to eventually step in because conditions continued to worsen. The UN passed Resolution 1970 to impose sanctions on Gaddafi and eventually refer the case the International Criminal Court. After the death of Gaddafi, it was declared victory. The UN soon withdrew mandate and NATO eventually ended its mission. Civilians in Libya wanted change and needed it to happen. Libya civilians were involved because the many factors they wanted to achieve that were previously being ignored such as many human rights. They were also angry about the increasing food prices and global famine, civilians were trying to accomplish a better life. YEMEN The citizens of Yemen were against unemployment, economic conditions and corruption, which resulted in protest. The protester wished to overthrow their President because of the corruption in which he advocated. With success of the protests in Yemen, the president announced not to run in 2013. The factors in which the revolt occurred are all similar to the rest of the countries involved in the Arab Spring. SYRIA The firth country to be apart of the Arab Spring is Syria. When the protests in Syria began they were not as large until Hassan Ali Akleh imitated the act in which Mohamed Bouziz did in Tunisia. He burned himself to show an act of protest against the Syrian Government. Syria finally decided to protest against their leader after being inspired by other Middle Eastern countries. They demanded human rights, free and fair elections and consideration of the corruption within the country. Since Bashar Al Assad has been the leader of Syria, the country has been deprived of human rights and the country has been in corruption. Civilians in this country were involved in the Arab Spring to change this. BAHRAIN The final country to be involved in the Arab Spring is Bahrain. Bahrain’s uprising began on February 14, 2012 when reacted to what was going on in Egypt. Violent protests than began to occur causing the death of two citizens. Civilians of Bahrain wanted more human rights and political freedom. The main cause of the uprising was the inspiration from Egypt and Tunisia. Those are the main six countries involved in the Arab Spring and the reason in which they decided to be apart of history. REASONS FOR REVOLUTION Human rights
Political freedom
Better environment
Democratic government. REASONS FOR REVOLUTION HUMAN RIGHTS Many countries involved in the Arab Spring were fighting for human rights

Violation of Human rights was a big factor to the start of the revolutions

Protestors felt abused or even ignored

to help eliminate human rights violation , The UN Security Council has interceded with peace keeping forces, and other states and treaties (NATO) have intervened in situations to protect human rights. FREEDOM Most of the countries involved suffered from a dictatorship of somesort or absolute monarchy

Syria's President banned facebook, myspace and other social networking sites to make sure no one had contact with the outside world. He would torture and kill political parties. CORRUPTION police brutality and other false use of government powers was another reason for the revolutions.
Countries fought for equality Democracy All countries that ended the revolution ended with a Democratic Government after overthrowing the original

Obvious that a democratic government was one of the reasons they were protesting S
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A BAHRAIN YEMEN LIBYA EGYPT There are very few moments in our lives where we have the privilege to witness history taking place. This is one of those moments. This is one of those times. ". -Barack Obama
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