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Emperor Hirohito & Hideki Tojo
Transcript of Emperor Hirohito & Hideki Tojo
Hirohito's Rise to Power
Emperor Taisho, Hirohito's Father, died in 1926 and Hirohito became Emperor on December 25, 1926.
Role after WWII
After war he was portrayed as a virtually powerless constitutional monarch
Many believe he played an active role in war effort after the surrender of Japan in 1945
Soon after he became a figure head
After that had no political power
Emperor Hirohito & Tojo Hideki
Role After WWII
Presentation By : Chloe Fisher, Emily Erb & Adrienne LaCombe
Dictators' Rise to Power
Emperor Hirohito: 1926-1989
Tojo Hideki : 1941-1944
Alliances: Italy & Germany
After the war Tojo was executed as a war criminal
November 1948 he was put on trial as war criminal
He was found guilty of investigating Japan's aggressive foreign policy and for permitting the horrid abuse of prisoners of war
He was later hanged
Prime Minister of Japan During WWII
Hirohito in WWII
Tojo's Rise to Power
Graduated from Imperial Military Academy and the military staff college
1. Military Attache ( Japan's embassy in Berlin)
2. Commander of the 1st infantry Regiment
3. Chief of staff (Kwantung Army)
4. Vice-minister staff
5. Leading advocate of Japan's Tripartite Pact with Germany and Italy
6.Minister of War
7. Prime minister
Originally thought to not to have much power, historians now believe Hirohito had more of an influence than was admitted.
He was aware of his military's actions and had the power to intervene but chose not to.
In council meetings he rarely spoke. In Japan, it was normal for advisers to rely on the Emperor's facial expressions to know if he approved or not of an action. Since Hirohito often concealed his emotions, his aprroval was unclear.
1941-Approved Pearl Harbor Attack
1944- Removed Prime Minister Tojo
1945-Announced Japan's Surrender
China and Manchuria
In 1931 the Japanese created an explosion on the South Manchurian Railway but placed the blame on Chinese rebels.
This incident allowed Japan to expand into Manchuria.
In Manchuria, Tojo used natural resources from the area to support Japan's industrial rise.
The alliance with Italy and Germany in 1940 was made with his support.
Tojo's impact on WWII and the World
As prime minister , Tojo controlled Japan's foreign affairs, commerce, education, and munitions industry.