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Unit 8: Industry, the West, and Agriculture, 1865-1898

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Kyle Benn

on 22 January 2018

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Transcript of Unit 8: Industry, the West, and Agriculture, 1865-1898

Industry, the West, and Agriculture: 1865-1898
The transformation of the United States from an agricultural to an increasingly industrialized and urbanized society brought about significant economic, political, diplomatic, social, environmental, and cultural changes.
Key Concept 6.1: The rise of big business in the United States encouraged massive migrations and urbanization, sparked government and popular efforts to reshape the U.S. economy and environment, and renewed debates over U.S. national identity.
Key Concept 6.2: The emergence of an industrial culture in the United States led to both greater opportunities for, and restrictions on, immigrants, minorities, and women.
Key Concept 6.3: The “Gilded Age” witnessed new cultural and intellectual movements in tandem with political debates over economic and social policies.
Growth of Industry
1865-1898

Innovation
Government's Role
Markets
Consolidation and Justification
Urbanization and Consumption
Gilded Age Politics
1865-1898
Democracy Threatened
(by capitalism)
Democracy Threatened
(by racism)
Economic and Political Conflicts
1873-1896
Capitalism, Conservationism, and Preservationism
Capitalism and Agriculture
Challenging the Status Quo
1865-1898

Justifying Inequality
Alternatives
Women and African Americans
Challenges of/to Industrial Growth
1865-1898

Industrial Workforce
Organized Labor
New South
Migrations and Social Reform
1865-1900

Collision of Cultures
1840-1890

Migrations
Division and Opportunity
Westward Migration
Plains Wars
Assimilation
Shark Tank
Entrepreneurs
Copy and share
Promote strengths and be aware of weaknesses of product
Explain how your product is more valuable than another
Analyze the market: Identify the demand and potential competitors
Google Slides
Sharks
Copy and share
Generate questions for each product
Complete Google Form
Distribute your capital and provide rationale
1/4 Period
Telephone
Dynamite
Bessemer Process
Dry irrigation
Incandescent light bulb
Refrigerator car
Electric street car
Linotype
Gatling gun
Sears Catalog
Land Grants, 1850-1900
Union Pacific and Central Pacific RRs
Promontory Point, UT, 1869
Hawaii (1892)
Cuba (1899)
Philippines (1899)
Horizontal Integration
John D. Rockefeller
Standard Oil Co.
Trust/monopoly
Vertical Integration
Andrew Carnegie
US Steel
Control every step of production
Social Darwinism
Laissez-Faire Economics
"Let Happen"
Consumer Culture
Sears Roebuck Catalog
Building Up
Skyscrapers
Building Out
Streetcars, commuter trains, & bedroom communities
"The Gilded Age"
Cornelius Vanderbilt
"The Commodore
Steamboats
New York Central RR
JP Morgan
Finance
JP Morgan & Co.
Unit VIII Materials
Synthesis: Robber Barons and Silicon Sultans
Compare and contrast
Robber Barons
1865-1914
Silicon Sultans
1992-Present
Unit VIII Materials
Interpretation: Robber Barons
Explain the differences between Interpretation A and Interpretation B
"Bosses of the Senate" (1889)
James Garfield Assassinated (1881)
Patronage/Spoils System
Pendleton Civil Service Act (1883)
Civil service exam
Campaign contributions
Interstate Commerce Act (1887)
Problem: Discriminatory rates
Solution: "Reasonable and just" rates
Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC)
Lynchings: Public Murder
Warning: Graphic
Ida B. Wells
Activist/journalist
HIPP
Railroad rates
National Grange (1875)
Munn v. Illinois (1877)
Wabash Case (1886)
Interstate Commerce Act (1887)
Currency Question
Mechanization
Panic of 1873
"Crime" of 1873
Bimetalism
Sherman Silver Purchase Act, 1890
Panic of 1893
JP Morgan
Populist Party, 1892
Election of '96
William Jennings Bryan
Unit VIII Materials
Omaha Platform
Context
"The Omaha Platform illustrates..."
Conservation: Proper use of nature
Preservation: Protection of nature from use
Forest Reserve Act, 1891
"Cross of Gold"
Create an ad for EHS-FJC that is
1) Eye-catching
2) Not too wordy
3) Effective vis a vis the audience(s)
4) Creative and original

Capitalism
Capital/ownership/bourgeoisie
Management
Labor/Proletariat
Karl Marx
Communist Manifesto, 1848
"Workers of the world unite..."
Socialism
Ownership/government
Management
Labor/Proletariat
Communism
Labor/Proletariat
Unit VIII Materials
Purpose: William Graham Sumner
Unit VIII Materials
Purpose: Second DoI
Social Darwinism
William Graham Sumner
Herbert Spencer
"Survival of the Fittest"
Gospel of Wealth
Andrew Carnegie
Women
Democracy Threatened
(by racism)
Lynchings: Public Murder
Warning: Graphic
Ida B. Wells
Activist/journalist
Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois
Compare and contrast the goals, strategies, and viewpoints of Washington and DuBois
Unit VIII
Women and Temperance
Point of View
Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)
Carrie Nation
Comstock Laws
Obscenity
Equality
Free love
Victoria Woodhull
Suffrage
Susan B. Anthony
NAWSA
MMQ: Amendments thru 22
Game Night Thursday: Tammany Hall
Unit IX THT: Benchmark
DBQ: Same prewrite (add docs to evidence)
Diversification
Industrialization
Transportation
Janus
Knights of Labor
Industrial Workers of the World (IWW/Wobblies)
American Federation of Labor (AFL)
Knights of Labor
8-hour day
Child/convict labor
Graduated income tax
Skilled/non-skilled
Haymarket Riot, 1886
Industrial Workers of the World (Wobblies)
Est. 1905
Radical/socialist
Inclusive
Mother Jones
American Federation of Labor (AFL)
Est. 1886
Skilled
Samuel Gompers
"Bread-and butter" issues
Most successful
Strikes
Sherman Antitrust Act (1890)
Outlawed "combination in the form of trusts or otherwise, or conspiracy, in restraint of trade."
Labor unions: Monopoly on labor
1877
1886
1892
1894
1902
Railroad Strike
No union
Eastern cities
Hayes
Federal troops
Haymarket Square Riot
K of L
Chicago
Cleveland
Anti-union sentiment
Homestead Steel Strike
AFL
Pittsburgh
Harrison
End of unions in steel industry
ARU
Chicago
Cleveland
Eugene V. Debs
Pullman Strike
Anthracite Coal Strike
AFL
Pennsylvania
T. Roosevelt
Presidential mediation
Unit VIII Materials
Pullman Strike
Purpose, both docs
Yellow-dog Contracts
New Immigration
New Populations
Chinese
Chinese Exculsion Act, 1882
Italians & Russian Jews
Exodusters
Dumbell Tenements
Hull House, 1889
Jane Addams
Settlement house
Urban, immigrant poor
Social Gospel*
White, middle-class women
Americanization
Tammany Hall
Democratic Party machine
William "Boss" Tweed
Graft
Social services
Political support
"Era of Good Stealing"
Homestead Act, 1862
160 acres
5 years residence
Agriculture
Western Economy
Long drive
Professional ranchers
Dry irrigation
Dynamite
Treaty of Fort Laramie, 1851
Sioux Treaty, 1868
Black Hills
Transcontinental RR, 1869
Black Hills, 1874
Little Big Horn
Unit VIII Materials
Century of Dishonor
Helen Hunt Jackson, 1881
Ghost Dance Movement, 1884
Dawes Severalty Act, 1887
Legally eliminated tribes
Individual land ownership
Agriculture
Wounded Knee, 1890
Unit VIII Materials
CCOT: Enclosure of the West
Evaluate the extent to which interaction between the US government, westward settlers, and American Indians reflected change and continuity from 1851 to 1890.
Evaluate the impact of the ratification of the Civil War Amendments on the South from 1865 to 1896.

Gilded Age
Mark Twain
University of Notre Dame
Notre Dame Facts
80% live on campus
71% White, 10% Hispanic, 6% Asian, 4% African American
10:1 student to faculty
Class size: 10-19 students
Finance, psychology, political science
Campus Life
Rez life and sports
85% hs varsity
Religious life
Parietals
Admissions
17,901 applicants (21% admitted)
SAT Math 680-770
SAT Verbal 660-750
90% graduated top 10%
$60,508
Average debt: $26,674
Unit VIII Exam Thurs, 1/19

Farmers and the Populist movement
Labor unions, similarities and differences among them
Effects of post-Civil War industrialization
Full transcript