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Communication in The 1750's to 1900's
Transcript of Communication in The 1750's to 1900's
Relied on messengers.
It took much longer than later inventions.
There was no electricity.
Newspapers were used to connect entire villages. Before 1750 Telegraph developed in Great Britain by George Stephenson who applied the steam technology and created the world's first successful locomotive.
En route distribution of mail on trains made it possible for letters to travel as quickly as people did in the days when there were no faster alternatives for communication.
The railroad took weeks and even months to deliver messages, so the telegraph was a much easier and faster way of communicating.
The railroad companies allowed telegraph companies to string wires along the tracks in exchange for the right to send telegrams from station to station announcing departure and arrival times of trains.
This made the railroads safer and more efficient. Railroads Changes in Communication By: Morgan Banks, Annie Liu, Carly Houck, Molly Song Submarine Telegraph Cables Came about in the 1850s
Copper cables that were laid across the sea.
Allowed ship companies to communicate across the ocean.
Carried telegraphy traffic.
In 1851, cables were laid across the English Channel.
A transatlantic cable was laid in 1866. Samuel Morse is most credited for the invention of the telegraph and Morse Code in 1837.
In England, Charles Wheatstone and William Cooke introduced a five-wire telegraph at the same time as Morse, but their system was more complicated and was discarded with the introduction of the simplified Morse code.
The telegraph is a form of long-distance communication where messages are carried by electrical signals on wires. Causes of Change The Industrial Revolution spurred the Technological Revolution.
Advances in transportation helped with the efficiency of communication.
Electricity allowed for people to communicate long distance.
Nations were fighting to outdo the others in modernization. Semaphore Telegraph Invented by Claude Chappe in 1792
Messages were sent by maneuvering a set of beams, the angles that the beams were positioned in determined the message.
The Beams were located on tall towers that were within seeing distance of one another.
Workers would see the change in angles of a nearby tower and change their own to convey the message.
They were not electric, but were a precursor to the electric telegraph. Steamships Steel replaced the wood of previous ships, propellers replaced paddle wheels.
More powerful engines were used.
Ports opened up.
Steamboats helped transport messages more efficiently on a more local level. Typewriter Christopher Latham Sholes was the accredited inventor of the typewriter, but his was easily broken and made mistakes.
Remington and Sons was offered Sholes' typewriter, and in 1878 the first commercially successful typewriter was introduced.
The typewriter did not become common in offices until after the mid-1800s; sales went up from $1000 (1874-79) to $20,000 during 1890. Pony Express a system of carrying mail using relays of horses and riders that operated from St. Joseph, Missouri, to Sacramento, California, from 1860 to 1861.
Three Founders: William Russell, Alexander Majors and William Waddell
started out with 120 riders, 184 stations, 400 horses and several hundred personnel