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A Dissection of Terms From the Game "Operation"

Medical Terminology - Final Presentation
by

Tiffany Chiu

on 30 October 2014

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Transcript of A Dissection of Terms From the Game "Operation"

A Dissection of Terms From the Game "
Operation
"

By Tiffany Chiu
Sphenopalatine Ganglioneuralgia
Patient: Doe, John
30 year old male
Complaint: "Everything hurts."
Significant Findings/Characteristics:
1. Laryngeal Prominence
2. Sphenopalatine Ganglioneuralgia
3. Supernumerary Cervical Rib
4. Rhinophyma
5. Myasthenia Gravis
6. Apical Ballooning Cardiomyopathy
7. (Abnormalities in) Biopotential Electrophysiology
Prepped for exploratory surgery

Anatomical Features
Medical Conditions
Myasthenia Gravis
Rhinophyma
Laryngeal Prominence
Supernumerary Cervical Rib
Biopotential Electrophysiology
Apical Ballooning Cardiomyopathy
Electrical signals are sent throughout the body
These can be used to measure and record the activity of systems in the body

Other types of biological measurements that rely on electrophysiology:
EEG (Electroencephalography) [brain]
EMG (Electromyography) [skeletal muscles]
ECG (Electrocardiography) [heart]
Name in the Game:
Adam's Apple
Name in the Game:
Spare Rib
Name in the Game:
Brain Freeze
Name in the Game:
Broken Heart
THANKS FOR VIEWING MY PRESENTATION!
I hope you enjoyed it!

Laryngeal
Prominence
Laryng
-
Greek combining form
"larynx"
Prominen
-
Latin combining form
"a jutting out"
Story behind the common name:
Adam was given the forbidden fruit from Eve and when he took a bite, a piece got stuck in his throat and caused the lump.
Etymology
Etymology
Etymology
Etymology
Etymology
Etymology
Etymology
Supernumerary
Cervical
Super
-
Latin prefix
"over", "above"
"excess"
Cervic
-
Latin combining form
"neck (of the uterus), "cervix uteri"
relating to cervical vertebrae
Also known as "neck ribs" - because of their location above the normal first set of ribs.

The term used in the game is not a common name in reality.
-numer
-
Latin combining form
"number"
-
ary
Latin suffix, forms adjectives
"pertaining to"
-
al
Latin suffix, forms adjectives
"pertaining to," "located in"
-
eal
Latin suffix, forms adjectives
"pertaining to", "located in"
Sphenopalatine
Ganglioneuralgia
Sphen-
Latin combining form
"wedge"
-o-
connecting vowel
-palat-
Latin combining form
"roof of the mouth"
-ine
Latin suffix, forms adjectives
"pertaining to," "located in"
Gangli-
Greek combining form
"ganglion"
-o
-
connecting vowel
-neur-
Greek combining form
"nerve," "nervous system," "neuron"
-alg-
Greek combining form
"pain"
-ia
Greek suffix, forms abstract nouns
"state," "condition"
-
ce
Latin suffix, forms nouns
"act of (being)", "state of (being)"
Medical Significance
Mr. Doe came with a complaint that there was a lump in his throat.
Turns out, he's just a late bloomer.
This is a protrusion formed by the angle of the thyroid cartilage surrounding the larynx
Where the two portions of cartilage meet,
for men, it will form a ~90 degree angle
for women, it will form a ~120 degree angle

It's considered a characteristic feature of adult men because its size tends to increase considerably during puberty (due to hormonal activity)
Doctors took some X-rays and found that Mr. Doe had an extra set of ribs.
When surgeons started making incisions and moved some organs around, they found that his skin held an intense electric charge.
Medical Significance
Medical Significance
Medical Information
After eating a full tub of ice cream quickly, Mr. Doe returned to his room with his shoulders raised, grasping his head and uttering two words: "so... cold..."

Doctors advise him on his eating habits. They tell him about the nutritional information and warn of the dangers associated with diabetes.
This expression was first used in 1991 to illustrate headaches induced by cold temperature.
This expression is literally as old as the bible.
Medical Significance
Mr. Doe is suffering from a depressive episode, caused by the loss of his dog.
Medical Significance
Sometimes Mr. Doe's friends call him "Rudolph." He's tired of playing the reindeer during the holiday productions. It's not his fault his nose is often red and inflammed.
Sometimes, Mr. Does has trouble closing his eyes all the way because of a condition. During his surgery, he wasn't able to keep them shut.
Medical Significance
Chance of having a supernumerary cervical rib:
1/400 people, or ~ 0.2%-0.5% of the population

Most of the time, it will not be clinically relevant (won't show symptoms).
Rarely, they can put pressure on nerves
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome
: pressure is put on the lower trunk of brachial plexus or subclavian artery
Myasthenia
Gravis
My-
Greek combining form
"muscle"
-a-
Greek prefix
"not," "without," "lacking," "deficient"
-sthen-
Greek combining form
"strength"
-ia
Greek suffix, forms abstract nouns
"state," "condition"
Gravis
Latin combining form
"heavy," "severe"
Rhinophyma
Rhin-
Greek combining form
"nose"
-o-
connecting vowel
-phym-
Greek combining form
"growth," "tumor'
-a
Greek suffix, forms abstract nouns
"state," "condition"
Apical
Apic-
Latin combining form
"of or belonging to an apex"
-al
Latin suffix, forms adjectives
:"pertaining to," "located in"
Ballooning
Balloon-
Latin combining form
"to swell, puff up"
-ing
Germanic suffix
denoting a verbal action
Cardiomyopathy
Cardi-
Greek combining form
"cardia," "heart"
-o-
connecting vowel
-my-
Greek combining form
"muscle"
-
pathy
compound suffix form
"disease"
Literally: a state of jutting out
Literally: located in the larynx
Laryngeal prominence: a jutting out at the larynx
Literally: an adjective to describe an excessive number
Literally: located in the cervical vertebrae
Supernumerary Cervical Rib: an excess rib in the cervical vertebrae
Biopotential
Bi-
Greek combining form
"life"
potent-
Latin combining form
"power"
-o-
Connecting vowel
-ial
Latin suffix
forms an adjective from nouns
Electrophysiology
Electr-
Greek combining form
"electron"
-o-
Connecting vowel
-physi-
Greek combining form
"nature", "appearance"
-logy
suffix form
"study", "science", "the study or science of"
-o-
Connecting vowel
Literally: an adjective meaning the life power
Literally: the study of electrons in nature
Biopotential Electrophysiology: the study of electron power in nature and life
Literally: wedge located in roof of mouth
Literally: condition of neural pain in the ganglion
Spenopalatine Ganglioneuralgia: neural pain of the sphenopalatine ganglion
A chronic progressive, autoimmune neuromuscular disease
Characterized by:
Chronic fatigue and muscular weakness (especially in the face and neck)

Caused by:
A deficiency of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junctions

Literally: condition lacking muscle strength
Myasthenia Gravis: severe condition of lacking muscle strength
Rhinophyma: condition of growth or tumor on the nose
Literally: located in the apex
Literally: swelling or puffing up
Literally: heart muscle disease
Apical Ballooning Cardiomyopathy: heart muscle disease characterized by a swelling at the apex
Functions
Along with the thyroid cartilage, it protects the vocal cords
plays a role in deepening the voice
This is actually a misnomer- it has nothing to do with the sphenopalatine/pterygopalatine ganglion.
The nerves in question run along the trigeminal nerves.

Caused by:
Having something cold touch the palate (roof of the mouth)
This causes rapid constriction and swelling of blood vessels
This is the same vascular mechanism that causes the aura/pulsatile phases of migraines
The rate of consuming cold food/beverages is a factor of the pain experienced

This is a type of "referred pain" (like pain in the arm during a heart attack) and usually lasts 10-20 seconds, although some last much longer.
Large, bulbous, ruddy nose caused by granulomatous infiltration, usually because of untreated rosacea
Granulomatous
: inflammation when immune system attempts to wall off substances that are seen as foreign but is unable to eliminate
Characterized by:
prominent pores and fibrous thickening of the nose
Surgical treatment may be beneficial

Can cause strong psychological impact due to the person's appearance
A type of non-ischaemic (not due to restriction in blood supply) cardiomyopathy.

Can be triggered by:
emotional stress (e.g. death of loved one, break-up)
constant anxiety
Sudden onset of congestive heart failure; mimics a myocardial infarction of the anterior wall.
90% occur in postmenopausal women
Average age of onset: 58-75 years
Full transcript