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Transcript of Urbanization
arrival of apartment houses for the upper class and tenement housing for the working class
As cities became more crowded, their environment changed out of necessity. Before industrialization, urban areas were “walking” cities; because of this, there were no specialized districts. Everything had been located close together and the wealthy lived just a short distance from the poor
Life Before Urbanization(Lower Class)
Effects on Life Due to Urbanization(Lower Class)
Faced extreme poverty, homelessness, unemployment
Barely any people in middle class
People = Rich or Poor
People in lower class no longer had to live in filthy streets
U.S. changed from farming societies to industrial societies- lots of new wealth created and new class of society, the middle class.
Factory jobs were given to the lower class
Child labor became major in U.S. in late 1800s.
Children had to go work to support their families.
Unsafe working conditions
Life Before Urbanization(Upper Class)
Life After Urbanization(Upper Class)
Wealthy people (the upper class) were mainly landlords, investors and aristocrats(families who had been rich for generations).
With Carnegie's growing money and monopoly in steel, he became one of the highest and most rich people in society.
Urbanization allowed Carnegie to later became a philanthropist and donate money to worthwile causes. This included donating to and/or creating the New York Public Library, the Carnegie-Mellon University, and the famous Carnegie Hall.
Urbanization and Carnegie's decision to make a monopoly in the steel industry changes his life from being an every day railroad worker to one of the richest men in America.
Some of the upper class became business leaders
They owned monopolies in various industries. These people became a prominent part of upper class.
Factory owners commonly payed employees little money, allowing owners to earn more
Life Before Urbanization(Skilled Workers)
Life After Urbanization(Skilled Workers)
By: Mihir Chakravarthi, Shashank Patil, Bhrugu Patel, and Matt Viglilante
electricity was harnessed and became a reliable power source
later led to the inventions of the light bulb, trolleys, subways, the radio and lots more
more railroads also allowed goods to be brought into downtown commercial districts
Reason of Migration From Rural to Urban Areas
Farming industry badly influenced by bad weather
New inventions reduced the need for human labor in agriculture
People left farm jobs in rural areas to work in cities, mainly the new industries and factories
People didn't have to live near their jobs because of transportation, including streetcars
Urban areas had better education, schools, and universities
Economic Effects of Urbanization on Business Leaders
Andrew Carnegie was owner of Carnegie Steel Company, a company that owned a monopoly in steel industry.
Business was rising due to urbanization.
Cities bought up large amounts of steel to build skyscrapers. It made Carnegie rich.
The more people there were in cities, the more business Carnegie has
Carnegie was a robber baron and used vertical integration.
Social Effects of Urbanization on Business Leaders
Before Urbanization, skilled workers were more common and were wealthy
Metal workers, blacksmiths, gunsmiths-made money from unique crafts
Skilled Workers weren't needed because of more efficient inventions so they moved on to factory work.
Revolutionary inventions now made materials like steel, swords, and guns-really fast
Bessemer Steel Process
How They Caused Urbanization
More people meant more demand for items
Needed more housing for growing population- led to building of skyscrapers
Technological breakthroughs decreased need people to master crafts.
Technological Changes in Modern Cities
How They Caused Urbanization
Utilities helped sanitize cities
Sped up transportation and people were able to live farther away from center of cities
More competition influenced people to improve their goods and sell them for cheaper prices
Change Between Old and New Cities
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All pictures are from Google Images
Major Positive Effects of Urbanization
Major Negative Effects of Urbanization
Good Things That Helped Everyone-
Urbanization -----> Industrialization
Libraries, parks, playgrounds, and swimming pools
Larger, more advanced cities built to accommodate growing populations
Increased urban transportation
Problems for Everyone-
Cities became large but very overcrowded
Occurrence of crime greatly increased in cities
Fires became more often in densely populated places
Spread of health problems and disease
New York City- late 1800s
New York City- After urbanization in 1920
John D. Rockfeller
-founder of Standard Oil Co.