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Transcript of Self-Harm
What is self injury?
A variety of behaivors in which an individual intentionally inflicts harm to his or her body for purposes not socially recognized or sanctioned and without suicidal intent. Also known as self-harm, self mutilation, or non-suicidal self injury. (Favazza, 1996) taken from www.crpsib.com Who is doing it?
Commonly thought to be more for females but recent studies support the idea that mlaes are equally as likly to enage in self harm. About 2 million people in U.S. are self-injurers and approx. 1% of the population has self injured at some point in their lifetime. (an underrepresentation because most cases go unreported). (www.helpguide.org)
Common characterisitcs of people who self injure:
Suppressed anger, high levels of aggression in which they inflict upon
themselves, impulsive, lacking control, depression, anxiety , poor coping skills,
lack of empowerment, trouble regulating emotions (www.palace.net) Linked to childhood abuse, childhood sexual abuse, eating disorders, substance abuse, PTSD, boarderline personality disorder, and depression and mood disorders. Methods of Self injury
cutting: involves making cuts or scratches with a sharp object. Arms legs and torso most commonly cut.
branding: burning, friction burn
picking at skin: re-opening wounds, scabs
hair-pulling: ure to pull out hair from any part of their body
hitting: bone breaking, punching, head-banging
Self Injury among college students:
-High prevalence with 7% in last month, 17-38% over lifetime (gollust et.al)
-Unclear weather or not it is more common in females and also unclear of the relationship with binge drinkng.
-Depression, 32% of those self-injuring screened positive for depressive disorder.
-Self injury equally common across races
-Undergrads more likely than grad students Where do people self injure?
Some people pick scabs anywhere on their body. Some will slam their hands/arms against a hard surface until they hear or feel a bone break. This can take 3-5 hours.
Cutting on the arms, wrists, inner thighs, hips and angles are common because they are easy to hide.
Hair pulling is usally done until it becomes obvious that hair has been removed on the scalp.
Burning is something done using a kitchen tool, lighters, or hair styling tool like a curling iron.
Some place toxic chemicals like bleach on their skin and then see how long they can stand it.
Why do people self injure?
1) Affect Regulation
3) Control/punishment Affect Regulation:
-Escape from emptiness, depression, and feelings of unreality
-Providing relief: when intense feelings build, self-injurers are overhwmed and ubable to cope.
By reducing the level of emotional and psychological aousal to a bearable one.
-Reveiling anger: many self-injurers have enormous amounts of rage within. Afraid to express it outwardly, they injure themselves as a way of venting these feelings.
-Escapin numbness: many of those who self-injure say they do it in order to feel something: to know that they're still alive.
-Maintainging a sense of security or feeling of uniquess.
-Obtaining a feeling of euphoria. Communication:
Communicating a need for support
Expressing or repressing sexuality
Vaildating their emotional pain: the wounds can
serve as evidence that those feelings are real.
Expressing emotional pain they feel they cannot bear.
Expressing or coping with feelings of alienation. Control/punishment
continuing abusive patterns: self-injurers tend to have been abused as children.
punishing oneself for being "bad"
Exerting a sense of control over one's body.
by Ashley and Jess
April, 28th 2010 Referal Information
Self Abuse Finally Ends (S.A.F.E.)
A nationally recognized treatment approach, professional network, and educational research base which is commited to helping you and others achieve the end of self-injuring behaivor.
To Write Love on Her Arms
A non-profit organization dedicating to finding hope and help for people struggling with self-injury (along with depression, eating disorders, etc.) TWLOHA exsists to encourage, inform, inspire, and also invest directly into treatment and recovery.