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Tourette Syndrome

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by

Em Chan

on 25 January 2015

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Transcript of Tourette Syndrome

Although people living with Tourettes can have a long and healthy life, they will inevitably face many challenges
The symptoms that go with the disorder will significantly interfere with...
1. Communication with others
2. Daily functioning
3. Quality of their overall life
Causes
Genetics:

Tourettes syndrome maybe an inherited disorder. Having a family history of Tourette syndrome or other tic disorders, may increase the risk of developing it.
TOURETTE SYNDROME
What is Tourette Syndrome?
Tourette syndrome is a neurological disorder that starts in childhood
Signs and symptoms typically show between the ages of 2-12
The average age most children show definite signs are at age 7
People living with Tourettes will experience repetitive movements and unwanted sounds that can’t be controlled
Also known as tics
There isn't really a way of preventing Tourettes
It is a complex syndrome that may be a leading cause from a combination of genetic and environmental factors
Brain abnormalities:
Certain chemicals in the brain such as dopamine and serotonin, transmit nerve impulses that can cause sudden and complex tics.

Being male:
Males are about 3-4X more likely to develop Tourettes than females.
People with Tourettes will experience different types of tics
These tics can range from mild to severe
They are classified as
Simple tics
and
Complex tics
Tics often worsen with excitement or anxiety They are better during calm and focused activities
Although tics do not go away during sleep, they become more suddle
Symptoms
Simple tics:
Are sudden, short and repetitive. Often these tics involve a limited number of muscle groups.
Complex tics:
Are distinct and are coordinated patterns of movements that involve several muscle groups.

Vocal tics:

Tics that involve a repetitive noise or speech that can be bothersome to the people around them or socially unacceptable.


How does it feel like?
People with Tourettes say they have these kinds of motor and vocal tics because they feel this sense of tingle in their body or brain
They find it very hard to resist letting out a tic when in a tough circumstance
Cognitive Development:
Tourette syndrome does not negatively affect the person's intelligence or cognition
However, it is common for candidates with Tourettes to suffer from learning disabilities and disorders such as OCD and ADHD as it affects the same region of the brain; frontal lobe
Having Tourette syndrome may increase the risk of learning, behavioural and social challenges.
Effects Tourettes has on an Individual
Physical Development:
Social Development:
Growing up with Tourettes is a pain as finding acceptance among peers, family, relationships and at work can be difficult
People may be alarmed by their presence
Tics can be embarrassing as the urge can come up at any given time of day
Uncontrollable swearing as you would guess causes tremendous problems in everyday life
Tourettes can also greatly affect a child/ teenager's learning in school
They may fall back on course work as they are unable to concentrate
If there aren't proper accomadations made for the student, it can lead to poor grades and failing tests
This problem delays their post secondary future
Nature vs. Nurture
e.g. Eye blinking, facial grimacing, shoulder shrugging, head or shoulder jerking.
e.g. Facial grimacing combined with a head twist and a shoulder shrug, sniffing, touching objects, hopping, jumping, bending, or twisting.
e.g. Throat-clearing, sniffing/snorting, grunting, barking, swearing and motor movements that can result in self-harm.
Nature:
A person with Tourette syndrome is born with a neurological disorder that is a cause of genetics and enviromental factors.
Questions
1. If you were a parent who had a child with a severe case of Tourettes how would you feel?
2. How would help your child?
3. How would you inform/educate potential friends, families, teachers and even strangers?
4. Have you ever seen someone with these symptoms and not realize it was not something they simply can't control?
5. Would you feel embarrassed if you were in public with a friend who has Tourette syndrome

With the tics, it can be challenging to all together stop the repetitive movements
Some people with Tourettes may grow up with motor tics that cause them harm to their body
Nurture:
Growing up with this difficulty, the child needs guidance, love and support. If they feel neglected by their friends or family, they will feel ashamed of who they are with their condition. They may also grow up with higher levels of anxiety than the typical child has to deal with as fitting in doesn't come so easy. They are also at higher risks of developing eating disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, borderline personality disorders, and self-mutilation.
"Help Us Improve Dana.org." The Development of Cognitive Function in Tourette Syndrome:. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2014.
"Mental Health: Nature or Nurture." Ancient Heart 2013. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Dec. 2014.
"Tourette Syndrome." Definition. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
"Tourette Syndrome Fact Sheet." : National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
"Tourette Syndrome Fact Sheet." : National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Dec. 2014.
Citations
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