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Copy of Results of The American Occupation

Hist 111
by

Axel Lumauag

on 23 December 2012

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Transcript of Copy of Results of The American Occupation

Results of the
American Occupation Chapter 20 Bases of American Policy in the Philippines Individual Freedoms McKinley's Instruction
to the Taft Commission Laws Prohibiting
Filipinos Total Freedom: Freedom Enjoyed by Filipinos Freedom of... religious worship press Sedition Law of 1901 Flag Law of 1907 assemble peaceably
for the redress of grievances speech to change domicile McKinley's
Proclamation Expression of Freedom El Renacimiento and
Muling Pagsilang (tagalog section) Nationalistic Periodical Attacked Secretary of Defense Dean Worcester
Imprisoned Teodoro M. Kalaw, editor
Resulted to "Aves de Kapiña" (Birds of Prey) Libel Case Nationalistic Plays Kahapon, Ngayon, Bukas by Aurelio Tolentino
Hindi Ako Patay by Juan Matapang Cruz
Tanikalang Ginto by Juan Abad
Walang Sugat by Severino Reyes Benevolent Assimilation –
by President William McKinley A regime of democratic partnership Filipinos played the role of junior partner Universal education
Public health and welfare
Commerce, industry and trade
Basic individual freedoms
Means of transportation and communication
Political consciousness General economic dependence in the United States
Partial loss of racial heritage
Continuance of the colonial mentality
Distorted sense of values The BOONS: The BANES: EDUCATION progress in 1. public education 2. emphasis on democratic traditions
and practical applications of
laws and principles 3. relegation of religion as optional in the public
school system rather than compulsory why? Because of the separation between
the church and the state 4. Study English language 5. enrolment in the public school was compulsory Who were the "Thomasites?” Who were the “Pensionados” The result? INCREASE IN Public Health & Welfare spread of diseases
were minimized hygiene and sanitation
were taught quarantine service
was established took away Filipino’s fallacies
and beliefs in superstitions creation of the
Board of Public Health
in 1901 diminishing
mortality rate Vocational programs were offered to orphans and
youth offenders served as their
rehabilitation program improvement in
the standard of living Trade, Commerce and Industry Free trade relations
with the United States 1902 Reduction of 25% was allowed
on goods coming
from the Philippines 1909 American Congress passed
the Payne-Aldrich Tariff Act 1913 Passed the
Simmons-Underwood
Tariff Act Result of the Free trade relations with US Year Average
Annual Report 1910-1914 1914-1918 1919-1924 1925-1930 1930-1935 1900-1909 60.9 M 94.7 M 177.3 M 234.7 M 297.9 M 213.2 M Worldwide Economic Depression Development of Domestic Trade Domestic trade was low compared with foreign trade because the internal trade of the country was mostly in the hands of the aliens. CHINESE
50% FILIPINO
25% JAPANESE
20% Other nationalities
5% Industry Development -Textile, cigar and cigarette
factories multiplied

-Sawmills, coconut oil mills,
cordage factories, fishing and fish-canning, alcohol distilleries and sugar centrals were established

-Mining- one of the most important industries Economic Prosperity: A Deception? Speaker Sergio Osmeña and Resident Commissioner Manuel L. Quezon opposed free trade relations oPhilippine dependence on the Anerican markets would endanger the political independence of the country Tydings-McDuffie Independence Act of 1934 The over-all effect of the Philippine-American free trade relations, was therefore, the placing of Philippine economy at the mercy of the Americans. Transportation and Communication Improvements: 1.During the American regime, more roads and bridges were constructed. 5. Those improvements made by Americans, were not exactly altruistic. 2. Water Transportation was bolstered with the opening of more than a hundred ports to domestic shipping. 4. Improvements in communication came about with the introduction of telephone and radio-telephone services. 3. The improvements made on public works under the American rule greatly bolstered the economic activities in the Philippines. Political Consciousness the Americans gave the Filipinos the first taste of politics issues were outlined, platforms were well prepared, speeches were delivered, funds accumulated from innocent to corrupted deep political consciousness Language and Literature one of the most lasting American influence in the Philippines is the development of a Filipino literature in English and the adoption of American words and phrases in the Philippine languages up until now, the number of English words adopted in the national language is continuing to grow some translations turned out silly and awkward its influence has the character of permanence de Guia | Cantanero | Lomotos | Morta | Baruis | Nacario Negative Results Colonial Mentality Partial loss of Filipino heritage: X close family ties X love of their own language and country X traditional communal unity Superimposed upon by the “let-well-enough-alone” philosophy X Poets and thinkers were ridiculed as “Filosofos” and “patay-gutom” -Stateside -American mode of living -Filipinos became economically dependent on US -Neglect and consequent death of Filipino industries Materialism Success was being measures in terms of
material possessions The people as a rule have lost their sense
of values American films made a bad influence
towards Filipinos de Guia | Cantanero | Lomotos | Baruis | Nacario Thank you!
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