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Figurative Language

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jeannine cepero

on 11 July 2013

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Transcript of Figurative Language

Figurative Language
Creates images and comparisons to make a special feeling or effect.

To understand figurative language you have to “see beyond” the literal meaning of a text.

Examples of figurative language are similes, metaphors, personifications and hyperbole.
What Figurative Language is
Compares two things using the words like or as.

No Difference / Shel Silverstein

Small as a peanut
Big as a giant,
We're all the same size
When we turn off the light.

Rich as a sultan,
Poor as a mite,
We're all worth the same
When we turn off the light.

Red black or orange,
Yellow or white
We all look the same
When we turn off the light.

So maybe the way
To make everything right
Is for God to just reach out
And turn off the light!

What things are they comparing through similes?
Calls one thing another to show strong similar characteristics.

Magic Carpet /Shel Silverstein

You have a magic carpet
that will whiz you through the air,
to Spain or Maine or Africa
if you just tell it where.
So will you let it take you
where you've never been before,
or will you buy some drapes to match
and use it on your floor?

What metaphor is referenced for the magic carpet?

Giving inanimate objects human characteristics.

April Rain Song/Langston Hughes

Let the rain kiss you
Let the rain beat upon your head with silver liquid drops
Let the rain sing you a lullaby
The rain makes still pools on the sidewalk
The rain makes running pools in the gutter
The rain plays a little sleep song on our roof at night
And I love the rain.

What does the rain do that resembles human action?
Using extreme exaggeration to emphasize a point.

Listen to Shel Silverstein’s poem “Sarah Cynthia Sylvia Stout Would Not Take The Garbage Out”.

What exaggerations does he include to emphasize his point?
Practice Time!
Name the type of figurative language being used in each example.
1. She was a wisp of smoke as she crept about the art gallery in search of the painting she intended to steal.

2. The books on the shelves exchanged hopeful glances as they spied a curious child poking through the library.

3. During the ballet recital, the performer moved like a feather caught in a gentle summer breeze.

4. After seeing her best friend again after 10 years, her smile was so wide she couldn't fit it through the door.
Similes used for comparisons:
-small as a peanut
-big as a giant
-rich as a sultan
-poor as a mite
The author uses the magic carpet as a metaphor for someone's imagination. Your imagination can take you to all sorts of places if you use it. If you choose not to use it, it is like leaving a magic carpet on the floor similar to a normal rug.
The rain does some of these human actions:
-sings lullabies
-plays songs
Exaggerations mentioned:
-garbage reached the ceiling
-covered the floor
-cracked window, broke door
-rolled down hall
-broke roof and wall
-touched the sky
-neighbors moved away
-stretched from New York to the Golden Gate

Answer Key
1. metaphor
2. personification
3. simile
4. hyperbole
Cited Sources

Silverstein, Shel - Where the Sidewalk Ends
Silverstein, Shel - A Light in the Attic
Full transcript