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Progress of the 19th Century and Reforming the Industrial World (25.4, 26.4)

Chapter Twenty-Five Section Four and Twenty-Six Section Four

Tim Justice

on 20 March 2016

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Transcript of Progress of the 19th Century and Reforming the Industrial World (25.4, 26.4)

25.4, 26.4
First in Flight (1903)
Women Fight for Change
Fought for equal pay
Jane Addams
set up Hull House to help house working women and trained social workers.
Led to the creation of
settlement houses
where women could “escape to”

New Ideas in Medicine and Science
The Germ Theory of Disease
Developed by
Louis Pasteur
in the mid-1800’s.
Watching fermenting of alcohol, discovered it was caused by microscopic organisms called bacteria.
kills bacteria pasteurization to kill germs in liquids.
Led to establishment of sewer and plumbing systems and development of vaccines for diseases.

Progress of the 19th Century and Reforming the Industrial World
1. How does this map explain why the Industrial Revolution took place in England (Activity A)?

2. Get out your sheet from last class-Child Labor Then and Now
1. We will be able to analyze the cultural impact of new technologies on society.

2. We will be able to discuss the different economic policies that developed because of the Industrial Revolution.

3. We will be able to explain various social reforms that took place during the Industrial Revolution
New Ideas in Medicine and Science

Theory of Evolution
Idea that species of plants and animals arise by means of a process of natural selection
The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection
--- populations grow faster than food, they compete for food, and the fittest (best adapted to environment) survive, then have offspring who share those advantages
Adopted by in
theory too

Reforming the Industrial World

Laissez-faire economics
Refers to the economic policy of letting owners of industry and business set working conditions w/o interference.
Adam Smith
claimed that economic liberty guaranteed economic progress, NO need for government interference--Idea of Free Markets
Economic system in which trade, industry, the means of production are controlled by private owners (Not the Government) with the goal of making profits
Money is invested in business ventures to make money

-Samuel Morse
(1837)-Allows for easier communication over a great distance
-Alexander Bell (1876)-Allows for communication over distance, improvement over telegraph
Gas Internal Combustion Engine- Otto-(1885)- Leads to early cars by Benz and Daimler
Light Bulb-
Thomas Edison- (1879)-Powered by electricity and lights cities and factories at night.
Technology Evolves
-Guglielmo Marconi-(1895)-First radio to send message without wires and standard on ships.
A Ford Changes the Nation
Henry Ford
-Model T
Uses the concept of the
assembly line
for the Model T to make it cheap
Arrangement in which product is moved from worker to worker

The Car Fuels Development
New Technology Leads To
Mass Culture
Similar entertainment and ideas in a society
In any color, as long as it is black!!!
Orville and Wilbur Wright, bike mechanics from Dayton,Ohio built gasoline
flying machine
and flew for 59 seconds in NC.

Economic Philosophies
Human societies have always been divided between warring classes
“Haves” (bourgeoisie) vs. “Have-nots” (proletariat-Workers)
“Have-nots” will always
the “Haves”
Final phase of proletariat take over lead to pure
Complete socialism where means of production would be controlled by the people--Classless Society
Karl Marx
-German Journalist-
The Communist Manifesto

Reform Movements
Abolition of Slavery
William Wilberforce of England’s Parliament
hated slavery
Pushed for
and continued the fight after he retired until abolition ended in 1833.
Others saw it as an economic threat
labor rather than slave labor
In order to press for reforms, workers joined
: voluntary association of workers
Engaged in
collective bargaining
: negotiations between workers and their employers
for higher wages and better working conditions
If owners refused the changes, workers went on
!! Workers would then refuse to work!!

The factors of production are owned by the
and operate for the welfare of all
The government should

the economy
ownership would help the workers, who were at the mercy of greedy employers.
Industrial Revolution increased gap between rich and poor--Demands arise for equality
Starburst Economics 101
Our class today is going to work to understand economic philosophies through Starbursts!
Phase 1:
All students will receive a set amount of Starburst.
YOU WILL NOT EAT THESE!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
On my command, you will try to gain more Starburst by playing Rock, Paper, Scissors.
The winner of the game receives one Starburst
If you lose all of your Starburst return to your seat and sit.
Analyze what is going on this political cartoon by Robert Crane in 1885. How do you think this will connect to what we have studied previously with capitalism? Do you agree with the message of the political cartoon?
1. We will be able to compare the economic philosophies of communism, socialism, and capitalism.

2. We will be able to discuss how democratic reform evolved in Great Britain and grew to include women.

3. We will be able to explain what led to the rise of Zionism.

4. We will be able analyze how the American Civil War challenged the idea of democracy.
a. Early 1800s – Britain not a true democracy
i. House of Lords – appointed or inherited
ii. House of Common – elected from people (
only 6%
vote) – had to have a “substantial amount” of land
b. Early Reforms-A way to improve conditions for poor and the workers
i. “Reform Bill” of 1832 gave suffrage to more people (wealthy middle class could vote)
ii. The “
Movement” – arises from other workers that also want the right to vote (Wrote demands called the People’s Charter of 1838)
a. Eventually gives right to vote to most males
c. The
Victorian Age
i. Queen Victoria presided over these changes
ii. Started period of “
Weak monarchs
” – all power now in parliament with prime minister and his cabinet: Current System
June 13, 1910
Women's Suffrage
I. Women Demand the Right to Vote
U.S. Movements
: Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton organize in 1848-Lobby Congress and Society
b. Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU) in Britain was
i. Heckled speakers, cut telegraph wires, committed arson
ii. Also did hunger strikes for attention
II. No
national suffrage
for US or Britain until after WWI (1918, 1920)
France and Democracy
finally takes hold by late 1800s
Challenge by old guard (monarchist, elites, army)
Dreyfus Affair Shows Anti-Semitism
French army official framed and sent to prison because Jewish
in Europe
Persecution leads to
Led by Theodor Herzl for a Jewish homeland in Palestine (1890s)
The American Civil War: Challenge for Democracy
South (Confederate States of America) separates over the issue of Slavery
(Union-U.S.) v.
Wins the War
U.S. takes off as
and Its End
U.S. tries to "reconstruct" former Confederate states.
In the end, segregation remains and african-americans treat as second class citizens
Gary Gallagher, The Union War, p. 6
The Union was "a democratic beacon shining in a world dominated by aristocrats and monarchy."
What does this quote say about why the Union fought the Civil War?
Britain Adopts Democratic Reforms
Still Social Unrest
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