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Crime and Punishment

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Sydnye Nosbusch

on 10 February 2015

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Transcript of Crime and Punishment

Sociological, Cultural, and Philosophical
Artistic Styling
Historical
About the Novel
Crime
and
Punishment

Fyodor Dostoevsky
Book Summary
Literary Criticisms
Time Period and Setting
Government and Current Events
Social Classes
Community and Government
Female Inequality
Education
Beliefs of the Time
Fyodor's Life
What Shaped His Style?
Dostoevsky's Particular Writing Style
Literary Purpose
"Robert Louis Stevenson, one of the earliest commentators on the novel in English, auded the extreme inwardness and subjectivity of Dostoevsky's approach, claiming that the intensity of reading the book was akin to suffering from an illness." -Nineteenth-Century Literature Center
"Unlike most early critics, who found Crime Punishment to be pessimistic, Howells states that the novel is hopeful." -William Dean Howells
Fyodor believed serfs murdered his father; he developed an obsession with murder.
Prose writers of the time were ignoring the taboo on writing of vulgar aspects of life.
People grew concerned with "real problems" and overcoming an individual's loneliness.
Outrageous emotions and situations to reflect the human experience in detail
Analyzing of the human mind
Few setting and appearance details
Complex, intricate, passionate characters
"Sensational"
To showcase how proud or isolated human freedom often ends in destruction
Realism and European Romanticism were heavy influences.
Russia
St. Petersburg (urban)
Siberia (rural)

1860's (published in 1866)

Mainly summertime
Tsar Alexander II "The Reformer" was in power.

He emacinpated the serfs in 1861 by letting them buy freedom.

This lead to crime and dirt filled cities, specifically St. Petersburg.
social hierarchy divided the population into separate social classes
upper classes were divided from the peasantry
spoke different languages
former serfs made up about 4/5 of rural population
remained in village commune
responsible for agriculture

A presentation of views with the freedom to decide for oneself if they are true

Dostoevsky was born into a poor family
(1821)
He did not intend on becoming a writer
He was exiled to Serbia
After his journey, he returned to Russia psychologically changed
Died 1881



Philosophy
Religion
Nihilism
Nicholas Chernyshevsky and Dmitry Pisarev
“only the perceptible exists”
Contributors were harshly penalized
1864-government in European Russia was organized into zemstva
1870- Duma (council assemblies formed by Emperor) were formed
1864-judicial reforms
lacked resources to extend court system to villages
judges decide a case on its merits
1866-restrictions on universities
government tries to impose conservative policies for elementary schools
Russian educational system's turning point - reform of the 1860s
elementary education available to all social ranks
deficiency in women's education
government allowed female education but wouldn't finance it
opportunity to earn a wage
married woman was still controlled by her husband
violence was common
Slavophiles and Westernizers
Slavophiles: orthodox ideas
Westerizers: unique, modern ideas
Dostoevsky had a hatred for Western influence
Main Characters
Raskolnikov
- protagonist; prideful, intellectual, alienated from society, believes that he is part of an elite echelon and can transgress moral standards for the utilitarian good; sins for himself

Sonya
- quiet, timid and easily embarrassed, extremely devoted to her family; grows to care deeply for Raskolnikov; sins for others

Dunya
- Raskolnikov’s sister; the strongest female character; intelligent and proud like her brother; kind, confident, self-controlled, and compassionate

Svidrigailov
- realistic and therefore a foil to Raskolnikov; sly and violent; "villain" aiming to overcome his past with good deeds
Raskolnikov commits a crime in order to prove an original theory
Afterwards, he is consumed by guilt
The novel follows his journey, on which he must decide whether to confess or to keep quiet about his crime
"Some readers viewed the work as a supreme achievement of Russian realism, an apt expression of the political climate of Russia in the 1860s." - Nineteenth-Century Literature Center
Full transcript