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Political Parties of Great Britain

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on 15 October 2014

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Transcript of Political Parties of Great Britain

Political Parties of Great Britain
Dominant political parties in Great Britain
Foundations of the Party system:
Two plus party;
Party system reflects class identification (main social identifier in UK);
Also, ideological (Liberal Democrats) + Regional parties (Scottish National Party, Welsh Plaid Cymru)


The Labour
Party
Largest/strongest party on the “left” of political spectrum

Traditionally labor unions have provided majority of funds for the party

Conservative Party (Tories)
Dominant party in Great Britain between WWII and late 1990s;

Main party on the right;

98% of all Conservative seats are in England

Current Labour Leader: Ed Millibrand
Just Labour:258 seats;
29.0 % of vote

Conservatives: 306 seats;
36.1 % of vote;

Liberal Democrats: 57 seats;
23 % of vote;
Other parties:28 seats;
11.9 % of vote
Conservative Leader/Prime Minister: David Cameron
Liberal-Democratic Party
Alliance between the Liberal and Social Democratic Parties during the 1980s;
Supports social programs, integrated Europe (EU);
Currently part of coalition government with Conservatives

Liberal Democratic Leader/Deputy PM: Nick Clegg
Other parties
Scottish National Party;
Plaid Cymru ;
Sinn Fein;

Voting Patterns
Conservative Party:
Middle and upper classes
Educated
Residents of England, mostly rural and suburban areas
Labour Party:
Working class
Residents of urban / industrial areas
“Third Way” centrist policies/devolution made Labour Party appealing to Scots, Welsh, and the poor

U.S. vs. British Elections
United States
Parties are less powerful;
Members must live in districts;
Party leaders run in their respective districts;
Citizens vote for three officials on national level;
Between 30 and 60% of the eligible voters actually vote;
First-past-the-post, single-member districts;
virtually no minor parties get representation

Great Britain
Party determines who runs where
Members usually don’t live in their districts;
Party leaders run in “safe districts”;
Citizens vote for only one official on the national level;
About 65-75% of the eligible voters ;
actually vote (number was less in 2001 & 2005);
First-past-the-post, single-member districts;
some representation from minor parties, but still less than if they had proportional representation

Prepared by Abeibekova Sabina
Elections in GB
Full transcript