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History and Progression of Inclusion Timeline
Transcript of History and Progression of Inclusion Timeline
By: Beth Murray
The No Child Left Behind Act protects students with disabilities from missing out on appropriate education. It requires that all teachers be "highly qualified" to teach any and all students.
In the 1970's as mainstreaming and inclusion were just beginning, teachers received no training whatsoever; this put students with disabilities at a major academic disadvantage.
Right to intervention is a multi-tiered approach that teachers and the special education department use in the indentification of possible learning disabilities. It uses:
evidence-based, high quality instruction from teachers
on-going student assessments
RTI is the love child of the 2001 NCLB Act and 2004 IDEA.
Prior to the 1970's
Learners with disabilities were denied access to education with public school systems and were typically institutionalized.
Individuals with Disabilities Act
was passed to provide free and appropriate education to students with disabilities. It also laid the foundation for the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE).
Established the 13 disability categories that are used when assessing a student for disability.
IDEA introduced the process of mainstreaming, which had a massive lack of training for teachers, and research reflecting no student growth.
Board of Education vs. Rowley (New York)
1982 court case that ruled not only are special education students required to be given a FAPE, but also free and appropriate
. In this case it was a sign language interpreter. Related services such as this, OT, PT, etc., enable students with disabilities to be taught in the regular education classroom while having the "playing field leveled" for them.
Inclusion has taken a bit of time to evolve, but I feel that it has a solid future in the educational system. Students that lack social skills and placed in the LRE develop missing skills with the help of peers and teachers. Critical thinking within Regular Ed classes is a great opportunity for IQ development. Most importantly, the fact that students aren't tucked away in one room all day and aren't ostracized as disabled students were in the past is amazing! Inclusion and growth is here to stay!