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How did the Native Americans adapt to the Southwest region?

By: Brittany Carreiro-Vargas American History II
by

Brittany Carreiro-Vargas

on 18 October 2012

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Transcript of How did the Native Americans adapt to the Southwest region?

Housing Natives built: Their Values?: The Native Americans built houses called "pueblos" which are made of sun-dried Earth, shaped sandstone blocks, and adobe to cover the outside. Their roofs were covered with ponderosa pines. Native Americans hunted rabbits and deer. They grew pumpkins and beans but their main source was corn. The kind of food Natives ate: The Native American men spun yarn from cotton and wove it into cloth. They used that to wear cotton breech cloths and kilts. The women wrapped cotton around their body and secured it under their left arm and over their right shoulder and they wore moccasins. In the early times, the Hopi wore sandals woven of yucca fiber or cut from rawhide. The kind of clothing Natives wore: They would have foot races and any other physical competitions of speed, endurance, and skill. Also, they created painted pottery and woven baskets with some of the most beautiful designs. Native American's recreation: The Native's values were much of ceremonies to ask the Gods for rain. One of their ceremonies called,"The Snake Ceremony" in which the snake's movements (looked like lightning bolts) were washed, prayed over, and purified. After, the snakes are let free at the end of the ceremony in hopes they would carry the people's prayers for rain to the Gods. Also, corn dances were held during planting and harvesting time to pray for fertility and to celebrate the harvest. How did the Native Americans adapt to the Southwest region? By: Brittany Carreiro-Vargas
American History II The location of the southwest region in is present-day New Mexico, Arizona, and northern Mexico. The climate there was hot, dry summers and temperate winters. The rivers carved deep canyons through deserts and mountains rose from the desert basin floors. Southwest locationand climate: The Native Americans saved melted snow during the winter to drink from and water their crops. In 1500 B.C. they had corn, beans, squash, and cotton. Corn is said to be sacred to them for ceremonies to ensure its fertility. In the dry climates, it was easy to store things and allowed for surpluses to accumulate for storing corn. Resources: Native's Way of Life: The Mogollons and Hohokams made ways to grow, store corn, and create cultures. Some scholars believe that the technology they made and the population growth overburdened the environment and the drought devastated the food supply and became too specialized in the patterns of living to adapt to the change.
During the 16th century, the Spanish tried to destroy the independence and democracy of the Pueblos in their attempt to dominate them. But, the Spanish did not succeed and the Pueblos remained. The Anasazi (or called the "Old Ones") had beans, corn, squash, turkeys, and cotton. They turned basket-making into an art and were thought to be the ancestors of present-day Hopi and the Zuni people. Hohokam Anasazi Apache Navajo The Apache and Navajos moved to the southwest region from the north in 1400 A.D. The Pueblo communities developed along the Rio Grande river.
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