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How did the Native Americans adapt to the Southwest region?
Transcript of How did the Native Americans adapt to the Southwest region?
American History II The location of the southwest region in is present-day New Mexico, Arizona, and northern Mexico. The climate there was hot, dry summers and temperate winters. The rivers carved deep canyons through deserts and mountains rose from the desert basin floors. Southwest locationand climate: The Native Americans saved melted snow during the winter to drink from and water their crops. In 1500 B.C. they had corn, beans, squash, and cotton. Corn is said to be sacred to them for ceremonies to ensure its fertility. In the dry climates, it was easy to store things and allowed for surpluses to accumulate for storing corn. Resources: Native's Way of Life: The Mogollons and Hohokams made ways to grow, store corn, and create cultures. Some scholars believe that the technology they made and the population growth overburdened the environment and the drought devastated the food supply and became too specialized in the patterns of living to adapt to the change.
During the 16th century, the Spanish tried to destroy the independence and democracy of the Pueblos in their attempt to dominate them. But, the Spanish did not succeed and the Pueblos remained. The Anasazi (or called the "Old Ones") had beans, corn, squash, turkeys, and cotton. They turned basket-making into an art and were thought to be the ancestors of present-day Hopi and the Zuni people. Hohokam Anasazi Apache Navajo The Apache and Navajos moved to the southwest region from the north in 1400 A.D. The Pueblo communities developed along the Rio Grande river.