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Camp David Accords

For Dr. Keetha By Sam Bennett, Philip Aoi, Ruth Gaudreau, Jacquie Granger
by

JM Granger

on 23 April 2015

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Transcript of Camp David Accords

QUESTIONS
BACKGROUND
camp david accords
the negotiating model...
the strategy...
the players...
US President , Jimmy Carter
The Negotiator
Israeli Prime Minister, Menachem Begin
September 5-17, 1978
at Camp David
the US Presidential Country Retreatin in Maryland
the nature of the negotiation process & its outcome ...
References.
Egyptian President, Anwar El Sadat
Secret meeting at Camp David
September 5- 17 1978

Egyptian President Anwar El Sadat
Israeli Prime Minister Menachen Begin
United States President Jimmy Carter
Along with their negotiating teams
Jimmy Carter…
Insisted on some form of agreement
Played the role as mediator and was able to soothe fears and lower anxiety
Met with them separately & together
Kept the process going
Concessions & Agreements
Framework for Middle East peace and peace treaty between Egypt & Israel was completed
Peace treaty was signed March 1979
Consequences
Egypt suspended from the Arab League
Jordan’s King Hussein not pleased
Proved there was disintegration of the Arab League
Showed Arab’s that negotiation with Israel was possible after all
Oakman, J. (2002, January 8). The Camp David Accords - A Case Study on International Negotiation. Retrieved November 10, 2011, from Princeton University Site WWS Case Study: http://wws.princeton.edu/research/cases/campdavid.pdf
US:
1.Long-term allies in the region
2. Military
3. Resources
Want
Really Want
Must Have
US: A long-term peace agreement between Israel and Egypt
Israel:One less enemy and being accpeted
Egypt: Wanted to start focusing on its own interests rather than the Arab World's
Israel: Hope Egypt can help protect Israel from other Arabs and Eastern Communists
Egypt: Wanted alliance with the U.S. at the same time killing the Geneva Conference
1. Cold War! US vs. USSR in the Middle East
2. Cost of war between the two countries
3. Sinai and 4 million Paletinians
Evans, C.T. (2000). Camp David Accords. Retrieved from http://novaonline.nvcc.edu/eli/evans/his135/Events/campdavid78.htm#Background

Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. (2008). Camp David Accords. Retrieved from http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/Peace+Process/Guide+to+the+Peace+Process/Camp+DavidAccords.htm

Jimmy Carter Library & Museum. (2003, Dec. 16). Camp David Accords. Retrieved from http://www.jimmycarterlibrary.gov/documents/campdavid/

PBS Newshour. (2011). Peace Efforts: Camp David Accords. Retrieved from (http://www.pbs.org/newshour/indepth_coverage/middle_east/conflict/peaceefforts1.html
http://www.mfa.gov.il/MFA/Peace%20Process/Guide%20to%20the%20Peace%20Process/Camp%20David%20Accords
Sadat’s
Strategies/Tactics and Deceptions
Begin’s
Strategies/Tactics and Deceptions
President Carter
Strategies/Tactics and Deceptions
1948
"Israel came into being when the UN divided what had been British protectorate of Palestine into Jewish and Arab states...."
Arab-Israeli clash continued to create armed conflict - Six Day War of 1967
"Israel got control of the Golan Heights from Syria, the West Bank from Jordan and Gaza and the Sinai from Egypt..."
After the war, situations began to change when all the Arab states accepted the UN Security Council Resolution 242
Calls for Israel to pull out of the occupied territories, but also guaratneed secured borders to all nations, thereby accepting Israel as a sovereign country for the first time...
...further progress towards a long-term solution seemed possible because in 1972, Sadat hinted that he might accept a peace treaty with Israelis if they would return the occupied territories.
US government was too focused on Soviets at that time and decided not to facilitate talks. Therefore, the opportunity faded.... Thus, a surprise war on Israel in 1973 by Egypt and Syria...
"The Israelis also opposed reopening the multilateral Geneva talks for several reasons:
they resented the US invitation to the PLO and the implication that America favored establishing a sovereign Palestinian entity,
they distrusted the Soviets, and
they feared isolation with so many Arab states at the table.

More to come about this later...

Their interest at the time in heading off the US initiative coincided with Egypt's..."
As a gesture of good faith, Begin gave back the Egypt's most important priority - Sinai Peninsula.
The 1973 conflict with Egypt and Syria against Israel was the first step by Egypt in the negotiating process. It raised awareness for a lasting solution to the conflict relationship with the US. So the best strategy Sadat had was to work bilaterally with Israel and head off the Geneva process.

He knew that public opinion is swayed more by symbolic gestures than by political arguments and secret deals.

Sadat took a big gamble when he did his shocking trip to Jerusalem in November 1977 to speak to the Israeli Parliament -- which played a critical role in convincing Israelis of a new reality."
"This visit achieved its major goal....create an atmosphere that would benefit Begin to respond with concessions of his own...

Public pressure for a deal set off by Sadat's visit largely served to provide political cover.... thus giving Begin more freedom to act in Israel's best insterest without being crticized.

By unilaterally recognizing Israel and opening a channel for dialogue, Sadat played into Begin's hands..."
Did Carter's personalizing his goal to effect solutions provide Sadat and Begin a "safe" place for their peace negotiation to be achieved or could they have done this with any other mediator?
Would Sadat and Begin have been inclined to make concessions if both were not so adamently against another Geneva convention? And does it make sense, Egypt being an Arab nation, for Sadat to want to also avoid another Conference? If so, why?
Full transcript