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Brought to Light: Human Trafficking

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by

Erin Crocker

on 8 March 2013

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Transcript of Brought to Light: Human Trafficking

The Long Journey Brought to Light: Human Trafficking What is Human Trafficking?
- Human trafficking is the illegal taking of a person or persons with or without their consent. People are taken by force, kidnapped, deceived into illegal exploitation, threat, etc. Most people are trafficked for exploitation for sex or modern day slavery. Where Does Human Trafficking Occur? It occurs everywhere. In today's world, human trafficking occurs mostly in the following regions:
- Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Laos and Myanmar/Burma)
- South Asia ( India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka)
- the former Soviet Republics (Russian Federation, Ukraine, Moldova, etc.)
These are just the heavily affected areas, it happens everywhere in every country. Most victims are from poor, third world countries. They are than taken to richer countries such as the US, Australia, or Japan. The next place is usually a transit country which is a temporary destination before crossing into another country. The trafficking can be transnational or internal. Why are people trafficked? The main reason why people are trafficked is because there are people out to make quick easy money. Here are some of the main reasons why people are trafficked:
- prostitution / sex trafficking / pornography (brothels, strip clubs, any place that is cheap and secretive, etc.)
- slavery, forced child labor (farmhands, servants, nannies, massage parlors, sweatshops, etc.)
- the removal and taking of organs
- arranged marriages (Many young girls are taken to be married to men who could have between 10 - 20 other young girls whom he is "married" to and rapes them.)
- recruitment as a child soldier
- Athletes ( football player, jockey, etc.)
- begging (raise money by begging in the streets until you are arrested)
- A chart below from the UN.GIFT's (United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking) website show's a percentage of trafficking victims that are used for sex trafficking. Thailand Who are the targets & who are the culprits?
- Anybody can be a victim of trafficking, most are children (younger than 18 years old) and women. People who are vulnerable that live in poor countries are targeted because they are most likely to believe in false promises.
- The culprits can be anyone from a boyfriend / girlfriend, parents, family members, friends, teenagers, strangers, etc. Spotters are people who look for the targets and will try to form an acquaintance with them so that they will trust them.
Parents will sell their children if they need some extra money or they don't believe they can take care of them.
1.4 million – 56% - are in Asia and the Pacific
250,000 – 10% - are in Latin America and the Caribbean
230,000 – 9.2% - are in the Middle East and Northern Africa
130,000 – 5.2% - are in sub-Saharan countries
270,000 – 10.8% - are in industrialized countries
200,000 – 8% - are in countries in transition
- Below are some percentages from the UN.GIFT's (United Nations Global Initiative to Fight Human Trafficking) website show's a percentage of trafficking victims that are used for sex trafficking at any time. Trapped Taken / Trafficked Broken Down:
- Sexual Abuse
- Physical Abuse
- Mental Abuse
- Verbal Abuse Exploitation The End:
- Death
- Rescued
- Freed How can I help?
- educate yourself on the dangers and different forms of human trafficking
- understand that anyone can be involved in human trafficking, culprit or victim
- Know the visible indicators
- Know the health and characteristics of an enslaved person
- ask questions if you are suspicious

There are always hotlines to call and agencies to come into contact with if you suspect human trafficking. Here are some organizations whose goals are to stop human trafficking and help those who might be involved or recovering:

- the Polaris Project: For A World Without Slavery (National Human Trafficking Resource Center) 1-888-3737-888
- Not For Sale (Donate) notforsalecampaign.org How many people are trafficked annually? An estimation of 2.5 million people
Children makeup 1.2 million • 95% of victims are abused sexually and physically
• 43% of victims are exploited for commercial sex (98% - women and girls)
• 32% of victims are used for forced economic exploitation ( 56% - women and girls)

• Many trafficking victims have at least middle-level education • 43% of victims are exploited for commercial sex (98% - women and girls)
• 32% of victims are used for forced economic exploitation ( 56% - women and girls) According to the Human Trafficking Reporting System (HTRS), between January 1, 2007 and September 30, 2008, 83% of the cases involving human trafficking had to do with sex exploitation, 12% had to do with labor, and 5% made up other forms. Afghanistan How do people get trapped into the trafficking industry?
The first thing to understand is that no one asks to be exploited. Many people are promised a job and are than put into a fraudulant situation. They than end up working for people and are forced to give them their entire earnings. Since most are never freed, they will try to escape. They can be killed or beaten for trying to leave. - debt
- betrayal through relationships
- sold Moldova: Girl $500-$600 This Moldovan woman was trapped and sold for $100 after she answered a job advertisement. She was trafficked to Italy and exploited as a sex worker on the streets. In Eastern Europe, women are sold from $500 to $1000. Because thier pimps spent this much on buying them, their outfits, cigarettes, showers, hotels, etc. the victims 'owe' them. This is how the fraud debt situation comes into play. What am I worth? Index Card http://www.humantrafficking.org/combat_trafficking In Cambodia, 15 year old virgin girls are sold for $600. Their families are given a few hundred dollars and this is where their debt comes from. Girls between 8-10 cost $60 for oral sex. Forced Labour:
US$ 15.5 billion – 49% - is generated in industrialized economies
US$ 9.7 billion – 30.6% is generated in Asia and the Pacific
US$ 1.3 billion – 4.1% is generated in Latin America and the Caribbean
US$ 1.6 billion – 5% is generated in sub-Saharan Africa
US$ 1.5 billion – 4.7% is generated in the Middle East and North Africa15
= 31.6 billion A man may pay $750 for one night with a young girl, and one week later that same girl may be seeing ten clients a night for $2.50 a session. "In a few weeks, I'm going to release our annual Department of State Report on Human Trafficking and that report probes even the darkest places, calling to account any country, friend or foe, that is not doing enough to combat human trafficking. Though many complain, the power of shame has stirred many to action and sparked unprecedented reforms. Defeating human trafficking is a great moral calling and we will never subjugate it to the narrow demands of the day."

-------Condoleezza Rice, Secretary of State + = http://enditmovement.com/
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