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Rizal's return to the Philippines

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Victoria Mae Macan

on 1 March 2016

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Transcript of Rizal's return to the Philippines

Rizal's Return to the Philippines
Camandona, Comendador, Judilla, Lopez, Macan
1. Financial Difficulties in Calamba
2. Desire to prove that there is no reason to fear going home
3. His belief that Spanish regime will not punish the innocent

After five years of his memorable sojourn in Europe, Rizal returned to the Philippines. However, Rizal was warned by the following not to return to the Philippines because his Noli Me Tangere angered the friars:

1. Paciano Mercado- Rizal’s adviser & only brother
2. Silvestre Ubaldo- Rizal’s brother in law; husband of Olimpia
3. Jose Ma. Cecilio- One of Rizal’s closest friends

Decision to return home
Rizal was determined to come back to the Philippines for the following reasons:
He returned to the East in the same liner that had brought him to
Europe-the Djemnah ,bound for Saigon.

After a rough crossing of the Arabian sea at the height of monsoon,
the ship met calmer weather after Ceylon and by July 30 was at Saigon.

Three day later he took a smaller Eastern-run steamer, the

Rizal landed in Manila after dark on August 5.He spent his time
there seeing friends and finding out how Noli Me Tangere was faring.
As early as 1884, Rizal wanted to go back to the Philippines for the following reasons:
1. To operate his mother’s eyes
2. To serve his people who had long been oppressed by Spanish
3. To find out for himself how the Noli Me Tangere and his other
writings were affecting Filipinos and Spaniards
4. To inquire why Leonor Rivera remained silent

Rizal’s Homecoming
Storm over Noli Me Tangere
Governor General Emilio Terrero
- wrote to Rizal requesting to come to the
Malacañang Palace
1. Somebody had whispered to his ear that the Noli
contains subversive ideas
2. Rizal explained to him that he merely exposed the
truth, but did not advocate subversive ideas
3. He was pleased by Rizal’s explanation and curious
about the book, he asked for a copy of the novel

Rizal revisited the Jesuits
Rizal visited the Jesuit fathers to ask for their feedback on the novel. He was gladly welcomed by the following friars:

1. Fr. Francisco de Paula Sanchez
2. Fr. Jose Bech
3. Fr. Federico Faura- told Rizal everything in the novel was the truth and warned him that he may lose his head because of it

As he discovered ,Noli Me Tangere was set steady to achieving all and more than he intended. It was a triumph. Its effect on people was electric, to a degree which is quiet difficult today to visualize.

On all sides Noli Me Tangere was being compared with another novel which people saw at once it resembled in revealing a nation’s soul –Don Quixote .
When Rizal arrived in Calamba, rumors spread
that he was a:

1. German Spy
2. An agent of Otto Von Bismark- the liberator of Germany
3. A protestant
4. A Mason
5. A Heretic
6. A soul as good as damed

In Calamba
1. Rizal established a medical clinic
2. Doña Teodora- was Rizal’s first patient
3. Doctor Uliman- Rizal was called this name because he came from Germany
4. Gymnasium- was opened by Rizal for young people
5. He introduced European sports fencing and shooting to discourage them from cockfighting and gambling

Rizal set up an eye surgery where it is evident that
he performed a number of successful cataract

Rizal was Now, at this very moment amidst them,
having come from afar to cure all their ills the

To those who could read Spanish he was the
author of Noli Me Tangere ; to the vast majority who
either did not or could not read he was the doctor
who could cure all ills.

The high level at which Noli Me Tangere was being dealt with showed what he was up against, while the fear people had of associating with him made him see there was nothing he could do in the Philippines. Apart from his doctoring, he was an outcast.

On his return from seeing the Governor he wrote to Blumentritt:

Yes, my dear friend, I feel I must come back to Europe and quickly, because in my own country no one wishes even to be aware of me.
His immediate aim in going abroad was to
write another book. Noli Me Tangere was the first volume of a series which would together form a vast literary scheme embracing the entire range
of knowledge relating to the Philippines.
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