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Transcript of Euthanasia
(Ft. Sam Smith) Definitions Laws Euthanasia What it is What it is not Viewpoints Euthanasia: the intentional killing by act or omission of a dependent human being for his or her alleged benefit Voluntary euthanasia: when the person who is killed has requested to be killed Non-voluntary: when the person who is killed made no request and gave no consent Involuntary euthanasia: when the person who is killed made an expressed wish to the contrary. Euthanasia By Action: Intentionally causing a person's death by performing an action such as by giving a lethal injection Euthanasia By Omission: Intentionally causing death by not providing necessary and ordinary care of food and water http://www.euthanasia.com/definitions.html Death is not considered to be euthanasia unless the death is intentional. Some medical actions are considered to be "passive euthanasia" but are not euthanasia at all because the death wasn't intentional. Examples of this are
1. not continuing treatment that is not providing benefits to the patient
2. stopping treatment that is no longer beneficial
3. giving high doses of pain-killers Procedures All states should legalize euthanasia Terminally ill patients should have the right to decide whether they continue living or not Doctors should be allowed to assist in patient deaths in order to use their good organs for transplants The patients must provide written consent in order to receive euthanization Euthanasia by action (lethal injection) should be legal, but euthanasia by omission (not providing food or water) should NOT be legal in all states A patient must be critically ill to request death by euthanization Citizens should be at least 18 year of age to be able to request death by euthanasia Life insurance companies should provide death benefits to people who die by euthanization If the patient who requested euthanasia becomes unresponsive, the parents or spouse should have the right to decide whether or not the doctor should go through with the procedure Follow up questions Sam terminally ill. Options:
1. Go to Oregon, Vermont, Montana, or Washington
2. Wait until New Hampshire passes the law
3. Wait until he dies naturally Sam terminally ill in Oregon
1. Needs to ask 3 times in a span of 15 days
2. Must convince 2 doctors of intention
3. Needs written consent Different options for how he can die:
1. Lethal injection 2. No food or water Laws In United States Euthanasia is illegal in all states of the United States except for Oregon, Washington, Montana, and Vermont. Doctors are not permitted to help terminally ill patients die. Laws in Oregon In 1994, Oregon passed the law that doctors could help a terminally ill patient with "suicide". There are many regulations and laws to the process. The person must:
-Have less than 6 months to live
-Must make two oral requests in a span of 15 days
-Must convince two physicians that they are sincere and not just acting on a whim
-If they meet all of the above requirements, then that patient is granted with euthanasia. States on the verge of passing Euthanasia Vermont's bill to pass Euthanasia in the beginning on May 2013, was confirmed to have been a success, passing the law. New Hampshire found out in May 2013 that the bill would be defeated with an overwhelming vote of 19 to 5. Some New Hampshire electives say they will be testing the vote later in the year again. Laws Around the World Laws around the world are clear in some nations but some countries are unclear if such laws exist at all. Sweden has no laws on euthanasia, but if a physician is caught practicing it then they may be charged with manslaughter. Russia is very strict with their laws and has no tolerance for euthanasia, and a physician can even be put to death for it. While in the Netherlands it has been permitted since 1984. For Euthanasia Some people believe that euthanasia is a good thing. Watching people suffer is painful for loved ones to see. They believe that putting them out of their misery is the best option for them when they get to the point where they do not have the will to live anymore. Against Euthanasia Others believe that euthanasia is morally wrong. Most people that believe this use the argument of the Bible. "Be not overly wicked, neither be a fool. Why should you die before your time?" Ecclesiastes 7:7. They believe that when it is time for you to go, you will. No physician or yourself should be able to determine when the "right" time to die is. Since the majority of the United States do not have laws permitting such actions, this is the popular opinion. Active Euthanasia The most popular of the actions considered active euthanasia is death by lethal injection. In some cases of lethal injection, three different chemicals are prepared, all in lethal dosages. The three drugs are sodium pentothal, pancuronium bromide, and potassium chloride. Each dosage is given followed by a saline solution which effectively clears the injection site of the previous drug before the next is to be administered. This procedure causes the patient to die in a relatively short period of time. As different procedures cause different effects, some injections can cause organ failure, while others cause patients to fall into a coma and then another drug is administered to stop the beating of the heart. Passive Euthanasia While passive euthanasia can occur by many different procedures, one of the most common is withholding of food and water from patients who so wish to die. The average length of time a human can live without these commodities ranges greatly for different people, but usually, withholding both water and food results in death in a week or less. Eventually, when the body does not have enough nutrients to complete necessary procedures that maintain the functions of the body, the body effectively begins shutting down and organs begin to fail until the patient has ultimately died. Graphs for Survey Questions www.cdcr.ca.gov/reports_research/lethal_injection.html www.life.org/nz/euthanasia/abouteuthanasia/methods-of-euthanasia/ Graphs made by nces.ed.gov/nceskids/createagraph/ http://www.euthanasia.com/definitions.html Should a person that would like to be euthanized be able to be transferred to a hospital in a state where it is legal or not? Would you rather die by active or passive euthanization? Do you feel that euthanization should be considered an ethical issue? Which type of euthanization do you think is more ethical? Do you think 15 days to wait is too long or not long enough? Do you think 2 physicians is enough or too many to convince before being euthanized? Now that you know more about euthanasia, do you think all states should legalize euthanasia?