Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Childhood Obesity: Injuries, PA Recs, & Behavior Change

No description
by

Kim Kato

on 11 November 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Childhood Obesity: Injuries, PA Recs, & Behavior Change

Childhood Obesity: Injuries, PA Recs, & Behavior Change
Missouri & Childhood Obesity
Obese Definition = Youth (2-19 yrs) BMI 95th percentile
Missouri Youth (10-17 yrs) = 28% overweight or obese
Nationally - 1 in 3 children are overweight or obese
Obese Preschoolers (2-5yrs) are 5X more likely to be obese adults
Missouri Preschoolers = 12.9% obese (low income)
Childhood obesity costs nationally = $14 billion/annually
Obese School Aged Children = higher rates of absenteeism & poorer academic performance
Diabetes - Cancer - Heart Disease - Disability - Quality of Life
Injuries & Obesity
Research review: 1. weight status & MSC injuries in children 2. do overweight/obese children have higher risk for MSC injuries vs. normal weight children (n=39)
Significant association between being overweight and having MSC pain
Being overweight/obese was significantly associated with acute MSC
Moderate quality of evidence to support association between overweight/obese MSC pain (lower back pain)
Evidence that injuries in football season increase for children who are overweight
Child Physical Activity Recommendations
Toddler: 30 minutes planned PA & 60 minutes free play
Preschooler: 60 minutes planned PA & 60 minutes free play
School age (5-17 years): 1 hour of moderate to intense PA; 15-min bouts; include muscle & bone strength exercises 3X/week
If inactive child, gradually increase physical activity
Focus on strength training activities
Youth over age of 2 years - limit TV/computer/video games to 1-2 hours/day
Activity should be normal part of day - walk to school/bus, ride bikes, play on playground, etc.
Injury Recovery & Obesity
Time to recovery within overweight/obese youth who have suffered specific types of injury.
Canadian Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children: 6-10 grades (n=2831)
Overweight and obese youth = increased recovery time for severe medical trauma
Overweight and obese youth with combined injury (broken bone and sprain/strain) had increased injury recovery length
Dr. Kim Kato, NSCA-CPT, PAPHS
Program Director, PhD/MS Health Education & Promotion, MS Clinical Research Administration, & MS Health Informatics

Behavior Change Strategies for Weight Loss
Take Home and Apply Message
Dr. Kim Kato, NSCA-CPT, PAPHS
Walden University
Program Director, PhD/MS HEP, MS CLRA, & MS HI
Email: kim.kato@waldenu.edu

Thank you for your time...
Missouri Children Services Commission (April 2015). Critical to the health of our children: Missouri's actiosn for addressing childhood obesity. Retrieved from http://extension.missouri.edu/mocan/OC2015/ChildhoodObesityReportCSC.pdf
Question?
Do obese children have more injuries during PA than non-obese children?
Paulis, W.D, Silva, S., Koes, B.W., and Van Middelkoop, M. (2014). Overweight and obesity are associated with musculoskeletal complaints as early as childhood: a systematic review. Obesity Reviews, 15, 52-67.
Warsh, J., Janssen, I. and Pickett, W. (2011). Do overweight and obese youth take longer to recover from injury?
International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 18(2), 143-149.
Sports-Related Youth Injuries
Sprains & strains = ankle sprain
Growth plate injuries
Stress fractures
Tendinitis
Heat-related illnesses
http://www.childhealthdata.org/browse/allstates?q=2415
Fogg's Behavior Model
Motivation/Ability/Trigger
Parents/Caregivers
Community + School Component
Built Environment
Goal Setting
Social Support
Motivational Interviewing
No behavior happens without a trigger
Information doesn't always lead to action
Good plan/process doesn't make change hard
Bleich, S., Segal, J., Wu, Y., Wilson, R., & Wang, Y. (2013). Systematic review of community-based childhood obesity prevention studies. Pediatrics, 132(1), 201-210.
Fogg, B.J. (2015). What causes behavior change. Retrieved from http://www.behaviormodel.org/
Fogg, B.J. (2015). What causes behavior change. Retrieved from http://www.behaviormodel.org/
Imagine will-power doesn't exist
Seek tiny successes one after another
Ignore environment/change context
Focus on action not avoidance
Blame failure on lack of motivation
Full transcript